Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/esmь

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *esmi, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésmi.

Baltic cognates are Lithuanian esmì, Old Prussian asmai.

Indo-European cognates are Tocharian A ṣem, Tocharian B ṣeym, Sanskrit अस्मि (asmi), Avestan 𐬀𐬵𐬨𐬍‎(ahmī‎), Old Armenian եմ (em), Hittite 𒂊𒌍𒈪 (esmi), Ancient Greek εἰμί (eimí), Aeolic Greek ἔμμι (émmi), Albanian jam, Latin sum, Proto-Germanic *immi.

VerbEdit

*esmь

  1. first-person singular present of *byti

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ ieſem”, in Freising manuscripts, 1005±33, page 8 (3.2/161r), line 38
  2. ^ iezem”, in Freising manuscripts, 1005±33, page 1 (1.1/78r), line 23
  3. ^ gezim”, in Freising manuscripts, 1005±33, page 5 (2.3/159v), line 88
  4. ^ Jan Gebauer (1886), “Tvaroslovné výklady a doklady ke slovesům třídy IV, VI a bezpříznakým. Kmeny praesentní bez příznaku.”, in Listy filologické a paedagogické, volume 13, Prague: Jednota českých filologů, Edvard Grégr, page 302
  5. ^ K. Nitsch, editor (1954), “1. Być”, in Słownik staropolski (in Old Polish), volume 1, Warsaw: Polish Academy of Sciences, page 183

Further readingEdit