Open main menu

Wiktionary β

Contents

EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Acronym

Alternative formsEdit

AcronymEdit

sam

  1. Surface-to-air missile

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English sammen, samnen, from Old English samnian, ġesamnian (to collect, assemble, bring together, gather, join, unite, compose, meet, glean), from Proto-Germanic *samnōną (to gather), from Proto-Indo-European *sem- (one). Cognate with Dutch zamelen (to collect), German sammeln (to collect, gather), Swedish samla (to gather, collect), Icelandic samna (to gather, collect). More at same.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

sam (third-person singular simple present sams, present participle samming, simple past and past participle sammed)

  1. (transitive, Britain dialectal) To assemble.
  2. (transitive, Britain dialectal, of persons) To bring together; join (in marriage, friendship, love, etc.).
  3. (transitive, Britain dialectal, of things) To bring together; collect; put in order; arrange.
    • Snowden (1893)
      We sammed together all we could find.
  4. (intransitive, Britain dialectal) To assemble; come together.
  5. (transitive, Britain dialectal) To coagulate; curdle (milk).
Usage notesEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle English sām (together), from Old English sāmen (together), form Proto-Germanic *samana (together), from Proto-Indo-European *sem- (together, one).

AdverbEdit

sam (not comparable)

  1. (obsolete) Together

Etymology 4Edit

From Middle English sam- (prefix), from Old English sām- (half-; partly; incompletely), from Proto-Germanic *sēmi- (half), from Proto-Indo-European *sēmi- (half). Related to semi- (via Latin).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

sam (not comparable)

  1. (dialectal) Half or imperfectly done.
  2. (of food) Half-heated.
Related termsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

Possibly from Uncle Sam.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sam (plural sams)

  1. (slang) Federal narcotics agent.

AnagramsEdit


CharruaEdit

NumeralEdit

sam

  1. two

ReferencesEdit

  • El último charrúa: de Salsipuedes a la actualidad (1996)
  • Idioma español y habla criolla: Charrúas y vilelas (1968)
  • Čestmír Loukotka, ‎Johannes Wilbert (editor), Classification of South American Indian Languages (1968, Los Angeles: Latin American Studies Center, University of California), page(s) 62

ChuukeseEdit

NounEdit

sam

  1. father

LojbanEdit

RafsiEdit

sam

  1. rafsi of skami.

MizoEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *(t)sam.

NounEdit

sam

  1. hair (of the head)
  2. antenna (of insects)

Etymology 2Edit

AdjectiveEdit

sam

  1. easy, simple

Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *samos (summer) (compare Welsh haf), from Proto-Indo-European *sm̥-h₂-ó- (compare Old English sumor, Old Armenian ամառն (amaṙn)).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sam m (genitive unattested, no plural)

  1. summer

InflectionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

SynonymsEdit

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
sam ṡam unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

  • 1 sam” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *samъ, from Proto-Indo-European *somHós.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

sam m (not always comparable, comparative bardziej sam, superlative najbardziej sam)

  1. (comparable) alone
  2. (not comparable) myself, yourself, himself, etc. (emphatic determiner, used similarly to "no other than" or "the very", as in "I myself")

Usage notesEdit

  • May be also used in an adverbial meaning of "by oneself" or "on one's own", similar to English alone; in this meaning, it still behaves like an adjective grammatically, and is not comparable.

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • sam in Polish dictionaries at PWN

RohingyaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Bengali.

NounEdit

sam

  1. skin

Serbo-CroatianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *samъ, from Proto-Indo-European *somHós.

AdjectiveEdit

sȃm (definite sȃmī, Cyrillic spelling са̑м)

  1. alone, sole
  2. the very
  3. unaided, single-handed
  4. absolute, mere, unmixed
  5. solitary, secluded
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Slavic *(j)esmь, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *esmi, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésmi.

VerbEdit

sȁm (Cyrillic spelling са̏м)

  1. first-person singular present tense enclitic form of biti.
    Tu sam. — I'm here.

SloveneEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *samъ, from Proto-Indo-European *somHós.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

sám (not comparable)

  1. alone, sole
  2. unaided, single-handed, by oneself

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


Tai DamEdit

Tai Dam cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : sam

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Tai *saːm (three), from Middle Chinese (MC sɑm, “three”). Cognate with Lao ສາມ (sām), ᦉᦱᧄ (ṡaam), Shan သၢမ် (saam1), Thai สาม (sǎam).

NumeralEdit

sam (transliteration needed)

  1. three

VietnameseEdit

EtymologyEdit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(classifier con) sam (𧏰, 𧓰)

  1. (zoology) horseshoe crab

ZhuangEdit

Zhuang cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : sam

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Tai *saːm (three), from Middle Chinese (MC sɑm, “three”). Cognate with Lao ສາມ (sām), ᦉᦱᧄ (ṡaam), Shan သၢမ် (saam1), Thai สาม (sǎam).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Standard Zhuang) IPA(key): /θaːm˨˦/
  • Tone numbers: sam1
  • Hyphenation: sam

NumeralEdit

sam (old orthography sam)

  1. three