EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Acronym

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

NounEdit

sam

  1. surface-to-air missile

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English sammen, samnen, from Old English samnian, ġesamnian (to collect, assemble, bring together, gather, join, unite, compose, meet, glean), from Proto-Germanic *samnōną (to gather), from Proto-Indo-European *sem- (one). Cognate with Dutch zamelen (to collect), German sammeln (to collect, gather), Swedish samla (to gather, collect), Icelandic samna (to gather, collect). More at same.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

sam (third-person singular simple present sams, present participle samming, simple past and past participle sammed)

  1. (transitive, Britain dialectal) To assemble.
  2. (transitive, Britain dialectal, of persons) To bring together; join (in marriage, friendship, love, etc.).
  3. (transitive, Britain dialectal, of things) To bring together; collect; put in order; arrange.
  4. (intransitive, Britain dialectal) To assemble; come together.
  5. (transitive, Britain dialectal) To coagulate; curdle (milk).
Usage notesEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle English sām (together), from Old English samen (together), from Proto-Germanic *samanai (together), from Proto-Indo-European *sem- (together, one).

AdverbEdit

sam (not comparable)

  1. (obsolete) Together

Etymology 4Edit

From Middle English sam- (prefix), from Old English sām- (half-; partly; incompletely), from Proto-Germanic *sēmi- (half), from Proto-Indo-European *sēmi- (half). Related to semi- (via Latin).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

sam (not comparable)

  1. (dialectal) Half or imperfectly done.
  2. (of food) Half-heated.
Related termsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

Possibly from Uncle Sam.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sam (plural sams)

  1. (slang) Federal narcotics agent.

AnagramsEdit


Atong (India)Edit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Bodo-Garo *sam¹ (grass). Related to Garo samsi, Garo sam

NounEdit

sam (Bengali script সাম)

  1. grass; weed
  2. medicine

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

sam- (Bengali script সাম)

  1. to wait

Etymology 3Edit

ClassifierEdit

sam- (Bengali script সাম)

  1. used with any bilateral body part, hands, eyes, etc. and also tires

ReferencesEdit


CharruaEdit

NumeralEdit

sam

  1. two

ReferencesEdit

  • El último charrúa: de Salsipuedes a la actualidad (1996)
  • Idioma español y habla criolla: Charrúas y vilelas (1968)
  • Čestmír Loukotka, ‎Johannes Wilbert (editor), Classification of South American Indian Languages (1968, Los Angeles: Latin American Studies Center, University of California), page(s) 62

ChuukeseEdit

NounEdit

sam

  1. father

GaroEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Bodo-Garo *sam¹ (grass). Related to Atong (India) sam

NounEdit

sam

  1. grass; herb
  2. medicine
  3. curry

Etymology 2Edit

ClassifierEdit

sam

  1. used with any bilateral body part, hands, eyes, etc.

Further readingEdit

  • Burling, R. (2003) The Language of the Modhupur Mandi (Garo) Vol. II: The Lexicon[1], Bangladesh: University of Michigan, page 275

MalteseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Root
s-w-m
1 terms

From Arabic صامَ(ṣāma).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

sam (imperfect jsum)

  1. to fast

ConjugationEdit

  • The perfect tense is often avoided. It can be replaced by kien + imperfect.

Related termsEdit


Min NanEdit

For pronunciation and definitions of sam – see (“three; the other woman; the other man; etc.”).
(This character, sam, is the Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of .)
For pronunciation and definitions of sam – see (“unlined garment; shirt; top; etc.”).
(This character, sam, is the Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of .)
For pronunciation and definitions of sam – see .
(This character, sam, is the Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of .)
For pronunciation and definitions of sam – see (“Three Stars mansion; etc.”).
(This character, sam, is the Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of .)

MizoEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *(t)sam.

NounEdit

sam

  1. hair (of the head)
  2. antenna (of insects)

Etymology 2Edit

AdjectiveEdit

sam

  1. easy, simple

Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *samos (summer) (compare Welsh haf), from Proto-Indo-European *sm̥-h₂-ó- (compare Old English sumor, Old Armenian ամառն (amaṙn)).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sam m (genitive unattested, no plural)

  1. summer

InflectionEdit

Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative sam
Vocative saim
Accusative samN
Genitive saimL
Dative samL
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

SynonymsEdit

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
sam ṡam unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


Old NorseEdit

VerbEdit

sam

  1. second-person singular imperative of sama

PhaluraEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

sam (Perso-Arabic spelling سم)

  1. equally

ReferencesEdit

  • Liljegren, Henrik; Haider, Naseem (2011) Palula Vocabulary (FLI Language and Culture Series; 7)‎[2], Islamabad, Pakistan: Forum for Language Initiatives, →ISBN

PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *samъ, from Proto-Indo-European *somHós.

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

sam (not always comparable, comparative bardziej sam, superlative najbardziej sam)

  1. (not comparable) alone, without company

AdjectiveEdit

sam (not always comparable, comparative bardziej sam, superlative najbardziej sam)

  1. (comparable) alone, without company

ParticleEdit

sam

  1. (not comparable) myself, yourself, himself, etc. (emphatic determiner, used similarly to "no other than" or "the very", as in "I myself")
    Przygotowując intrygę przeciwko szefowi, pani Magdalena kazała swojej córce ubrać się skromnie, a sama założyła sukienkę z głębokim dekoltem.
    Preparing the intrigue against the boss, Ms. Magdalena told her daughter to dress modestly, while she herself put on a dress with a deep neckline.
    On poszedł do samego końca.
    He went to the very end.
  2. (not comparable) by oneself, alone, by own volition or power, without outside help or encouragement

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • sam in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • sam in Polish dictionaries at PWN

RohingyaEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

sam

  1. skin

RomaniEdit

VerbEdit

sam

  1. first-person plural present indicative of si

Serbo-CroatianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *samъ, from Proto-Indo-European *somHós.

AdjectiveEdit

sȃm (definite sȃmī, Cyrillic spelling са̑м)

  1. alone, sole
  2. unaided, single-handed
  3. absolute, very, mere, unmixed
  4. solitary, secluded
Alternative formsEdit
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Slavic *(j)esmь, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *esmi, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésmi.

VerbEdit

sȁm (Cyrillic spelling са̏м)

  1. first-person singular present tense enclitic form of biti.
    Tu sam. — I'm here.



SilesianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *sěmo.

PronounEdit

sam

  1. here
    Synonym: tukej
  2. hither

SloveneEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *samъ, from Proto-Indo-European *somHós.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

sȃm (not comparable)

  1. alone, sole
  2. unaided, single-handed, by oneself

InflectionEdit

Hard
masculine feminine neuter
nom. sing. sám sáma sámo
singular
masculine feminine neuter
nominative sám ind
sámi def
sáma sámo
accusative nominativeinan or
genitive
anim
sámo sámo
genitive sámega sáme sámega
dative sámemu sámi sámemu
locative sámem sámi sámem
instrumental sámim sámo sámim
dual
masculine feminine neuter
nominative sáma sámi sámi
accusative sáma sámi sámi
genitive sámih sámih sámih
dative sámima sámima sámima
locative sámih sámih sámih
instrumental sámima sámima sámima
plural
masculine feminine neuter
nominative sámi sáme sáma
accusative sáme sáme sáma
genitive sámih sámih sámih
dative sámim sámim sámim
locative sámih sámih sámih
instrumental sámimi sámimi sámimi

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • sam”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

sam

  1. past tense of simma.

AnagramsEdit


VietnameseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Possibly from Proto-Mon-Khmer *kt₁aam (crab) (Norman & Mei, 1976; mistakenly glossed as "king crab"). However, Shorto (2006) includes no such derivation. Compare Vietnamese đam (field crab).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(classifier con) sam (𧏰, 𧓰)

  1. a horseshoe crab
    đuôi sam
    a horseshoe crab's tail; a braid/plait

Further readingEdit


ZhuangEdit

Zhuang cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : sam

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Tai *saːm (three), from Middle Chinese (MC sɑm, “three”). Cognate with Thai สาม (sǎam), Northern Thai ᩈᩣ᩠ᨾ, Lao ສາມ (sām), ᦉᦱᧄ (ṡaam), Tai Dam ꪎꪱꪣ, Shan သၢမ် (sǎam), Tai Nüa ᥔᥣᥛᥴ (sáam), Ahom 𑜏𑜪 (saṃ), Bouyei saaml.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

sam (old orthography sam)

  1. three