Translingual edit

Symbol edit

sem

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-5 language code for Semitic languages.

English edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /sɛm/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛm

Noun edit

sem (plural sems)

  1. Clipping of seminary.
  2. Clipping of semester.
  3. Clipping of semicolon.

Anagrams edit

Bahnar edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bahnaric *ceː₂m, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *cim ~ *ciim ~ *ciəm ~ *caim ~ *cum (bird).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

sem 

  1. bird

Catalan edit

Alternative forms edit

Verb edit

sem

  1. (Northern, Alghero) first-person plural present indicative of ésser
  2. (Northern, Alghero) first-person plural present indicative of ser

Chinese edit

Etymology edit

From clipping of English semester.

Pronunciation edit


Noun edit

sem

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese, university slang) semester (Classifier: c)
    終於sem终于sem [Hong Kong Cantonese]  ―  zung1 jyu1 jyun4 sem6 laa3. [Jyutping]  ―  The semester has finally ended.

Derived terms edit

References edit

Czech edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Czech sěmo, from Proto-Slavic *sěmo.

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

sem

  1. hither (to here)

Eskayan edit

Numeral edit

sem

  1. nine

Hungarian edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

sem (clitic)

  1. …, neither (or not…, either)
    Julit sem láttam.I didn’t see Juli, either. [aside from not having seen another person]
    Én sem láttam Julit.I didn’t see Juli, either. [aside from other people who haven't seen her]
  2. not even
    Meg sem próbálta.S/he didn’t even try it.

Conjunction edit

sem (paired)

  1. neithernor
    Sem te, sem ő nem jöhettek velem.Neither you nor s/he can come with me.

Usage notes edit

The word sem and nincs, nincsen (it/there isn't) are contracted into the forms sincs, sincsen (it/there isn't, either).

Derived terms edit

Compound words
Expressions

See also edit

Further reading edit

  • sem in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Icelandic edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse sem (as, like), possibly from Proto-Germanic *samaz (same, alike).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /sɛːm/
  • Rhymes: -ɛːm
  • (before words beginning with a consonant) IPA(key): /sɛm/

Conjunction edit

sem

  1. (with a noun phrase) as, like
    Hann var sem guð meðal manna.
    He was like a god amongst men.
    Hár hennar var hvítt sem snjór.
    Her hair was white as snow.
    Hann er sem nýr.
    He is as [good as] new.
    Vista sem
    Save as
  2. (with a clause) like, as if
    Svo virðist sem sjúkdómurinn sé arfgengur
    Is seems as though the disease is hereditary.
  3. (relative, with a clause) who, which, that
    Þetta er maðurinn sem ég hitti í gær.
    That’s the man that I met yesterday.
    Þetta er konan sem barði mig.
    That’s the woman who hit me.

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Verb edit

sem (weak)

  1. first-person singular present indicative of semja
  2. second-person singular imperative of semja

Middle English edit

Etymology 1 edit

Noun edit

sem

  1. Alternative form of seem (seam)

Etymology 2 edit

Noun edit

sem

  1. Alternative form of seem (load)

Old Norse edit

Etymology 1 edit

Possibly from Proto-Germanic *samaz (same, alike).

Alternative forms edit

Conjunction edit

sem

  1. as, the same, like
Descendants edit
  • Icelandic: sem
  • Faroese: sum (from East Nordic)
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: (dialectal) sem, se
  • Old Swedish: sum, som
  • Danish: som
    • Norwegian Bokmål: som

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

sem

  1. inflection of semja:
    1. first-person singular active present indicative
    2. second-person singular active imperative

References edit

  • sem”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Old Tupi edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Tupi-Guarani *t͡sẽp, from Proto-Tupian *tẽp.[1]

Cognate with Guaraní sẽ, Sateré-Mawé wẽẽ-tẽp.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

sem (first-person singular active indicative asem, first-person singular negative active indicative nasemi, noun sema) (intransitive)

  1. to exit; to leave; to get out
    Asem 'y suí.
    I got out of the water.
  2. to move (to change residence)
    Synonym: îakasó
  3. (of a celestial body) to rise

Conjugation edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  1. ^ Andrey Nikulin (2020) Proto-Macro-Jê: um estudo reconstrutivo[1] (in Portuguese), Brasília: UnB, page 568

Further reading edit

Portuguese edit

Etymology edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese sen, from Latin sine, from Proto-Indo-European *sene.

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

sem

  1. -less; without (not having, containing, characteristic of, etc.)
    Antonym: com
    um livro sem capaa book without a cover
    casa sem janelaswindowless house
  2. (followed by infinitive) without (not doing or not having done something)
    Ele gosta de comer tudo sem dividir.
    He likes to eat everything without sharing.
    Ele atirou sem avisar ninguém.
    He shot without warning anyone.

Quotations edit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:sem.

Synonyms edit

Antonyms edit

  • (antonym(s) of "not doing or having done something"): use gerund (-ando, -endo, -indo)

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Ambonese Malay: seng
  • Macanese: sim

Romani edit

Verb edit

sem

  1. first-person singular present indicative of si

Serbo-Croatian edit

Pronunciation edit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Etymology 1 edit

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Preposition edit

sem (Cyrillic spelling сем)

  1. except, apart from, besides

Etymology 2 edit

From Ancient Greek σῆμα (sêma).

Noun edit

sêm m (Cyrillic spelling сêм)

  1. (semantics) the smallest unit of meaning

Further reading edit

Slovene edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Slavic *sěmo.

Adverb edit

sem

  1. hither, over here (to here)

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Slavic *esmь.

Verb edit

sə̏m

  1. first-person singular present of bíti

Further reading edit

  • sem”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Tok Pisin edit

This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Etymology edit

From English same.

Adjective edit

sem

  1. same

Zou edit

Noun edit

sem

  1. hair

References edit