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See also: jamb, JAM, jám, -jam, and Jam.

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
Marmalade, a type of jam, spread on a piece of bread
 
A strawberry jam and peanut butter sandwich

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

NounEdit

jam (countable and uncountable, plural jams)

  1. A sweet mixture of fruit boiled with sugar and allowed to congeal. Often spread on bread or toast or used in jam tarts.
  2. (countable) A difficult situation.
    • 1928, Upton Sinclair, Boston
      It's a blackmail ring, and the district attorneys get a share of the loot. [] Well, they got him in the same kind of jam, and soaked him to the tune of three hundred and eighty-six thousand.
    • 1975, Bob Dylan, Tangled Up in Blue
      She was married when we first met
      Soon to be divorced
      I helped her out of a jam, I guess
      But I used a little too much force.
  3. (countable) Blockage, congestion.
    A traffic jam caused us to miss the game's first period.
    a jam of logs in a river
  4. (countable, popular music) An informal, impromptu performance or rehearsal.
  5. (countable, by extension, informal) A song; a track.
    • 2001, Jet (volume 100, number 22, page 25)
      The result is an outstanding assortment of sophisticated, sexy and hip-hop-tinged R&B grooves, ballads and party jams.
  6. (countable, by extension) An informal event where people brainstorm and collaborate on projects.
    We came up with some new ideas at the game jam.
  7. (countable, baseball) A difficult situation for a pitcher or defending team.
    He's in a jam now, having walked the bases loaded with the cleanup hitter coming to bat.
  8. (countable, basketball) A forceful dunk.
  9. (countable, roller derby) A play during which points can be scored.
    Toughie scored four points in that jam.
  10. (climbing, countable) Any of several maneuvers requiring wedging of an extremity into a tight space.
    I used a whole series of fist and foot jams in that crack.
  11. (Britain, slang) luck.
    He's got more jam than Waitrose.
  12. (slang) sexual relations or the contemplation of them.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
See alsoEdit

VerbEdit

jam (third-person singular simple present jams, present participle jamming, simple past and past participle jammed)

  1. To get something stuck in a confined space.
    My foot got jammed in a gap between the rocks.
    Her poor little baby toe got jammed in the door.
    I jammed the top knuckle of my ring finger.
    • 1719, Daniel Defoe, Robinson Crusoe, London: W. Taylor, 3rd edition, 1719, p. 226,[1]
      The Ship, which by its Building was Spanish, stuck fast, jaum’d in between two Rocks; all the Stern and Quarter of her was beaten to Pieces with the Sea []
  2. To brusquely force something into a space; cram, squeeze.
    They temporarily stopped the gas tank leak by jamming a piece of taffy into the hole.
    The rush-hour train was jammed with commuters.
    • 1779, George Colman, Farewell Epilogue, spoken at Wynnstay after the representation of Cymbeline and The Spanish Barber, 22 January, 1779, in Prose on Several Occasions: Accompanied with Some Pieces in Verse, London: T. Cadel, 1787, Volume 3, p. 283,[2]
      Since the new post-horse tax, I dare engage
      That some folks here have travell’d in the Stage:
      Jamm’d in at midnight, in cold winter weather,
      The crouded passengers are glew’d together.
  3. To cause congestion or blockage. Often used with "up"
    A single accident can jam the roads for hours.
  4. To block or confuse a broadcast signal.
  5. (baseball) To throw a pitch at or near the batter's hands.
    Jones was jammed by the pitch.
  6. (music) To play music (especially improvisation as a group, or an informal unrehearsed session).
  7. To injure a finger or toe by sudden compression of the digit's tip.
    When he tripped on the step he jammed his toe.
  8. (roller derby) To attempt to score points.
    Toughie jammed four times in the second period.
  9. (nautical) To bring (a vessel) so close to the wind that half her upper sails are laid aback.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of W. C. Russell to this entry?)
  10. (Canada, informal) To give up on a date or some joint endeavour; stand up, chicken out, jam out.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Persian or Hindi, meaning "garment, robe"; related to pajamas.

NounEdit

jam (plural jams)

  1. (dated) A kind of frock for children.

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

jam (plural jams)

  1. (mining) Alternative form of jamb

AnagramsEdit


AlbanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Albanian *es-mi, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésmi (I am, I exist), identical with Ancient Greek εἰμί (eimí), Sanskrit अस्मि (ásmi), English am. Aorist qeshë from Proto-Indo-European *kwel- (to turn, revolve), with a semantic development similar to Germanic *werdan (to become), from Proto-Indo-European *wert- (to turn)[1].

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

jam (first-person singular past tense qeshë, participle qenë)

  1. to be

ConjugationEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “jam”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, page 156

CzechEdit

NounEdit

jam m

  1. yam (any Dioscorea vine)

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

jam m (plural jams, diminutive jammetje n)

  1. jam (conserved fruits where no parts of fruits are visible anymore)

Related termsEdit


EsperantoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin iam.

AdverbEdit

jam

  1. already

IndonesianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Malay jam, from Sanskrit याम (yāma, time).

NounEdit

jam

  1. hour (Time period of sixty minutes)
  2. clock (instrument to measure or keep track of time)

InterlinguaEdit

AdverbEdit

jam (not comparable)

  1. already

JavaneseEdit

NounEdit

jam

  1. clock

LatgalianEdit

PronounEdit

jam m

  1. (third-person singular) dative form of jis.
    Vys jam nazkas natai. 'It's never good enough for him. (He's never satisfied.)'
    Es jam atsaceju par reizi. 'I replied to him right away.'
    Jam daguoja laistīs paceli nu sātys. 'He had to leave his home.'

LatinEdit

AdverbEdit

jam (not comparable)

  1. Alternative form of iam

ReferencesEdit


LithuanianEdit

PronounEdit

jam m

  1. (third-person singular) dative form of jis.
    • 2007, Jurga (Jurga Šeduikytė), Angelai
      Jo balti sparnai man tinka
      Jam savo šarvus dovanoju
      His white wings suit me
      I present to him my armor

LojbanEdit

RafsiEdit

jam

  1. rafsi of jamna.

MalayEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit याम (yāma, time).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

jam (Jawi spelling جم, plural jam-jam)

  1. hour (Time period of sixty minutes)
  2. clock (instrument to measure or keep track of time)

North FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with West Frisian jimme

PronounEdit

jam

  1. you (plural)
  2. your (plural)

SloveneEdit

NounEdit

jam

  1. genitive dual and plural of jama

WelshEdit

NounEdit

jam m (plural jamiau)

  1. jam

West FrisianEdit

NounEdit

jam c (plural jams)

  1. jam, fruit preserves