See also: jamb, JAM, jám, -jam, Jam., and ям

EnglishEdit

 
Marmalade, a type of jam, spread on a piece of bread
 
A strawberry jam and peanut butter sandwich

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

First attested in the early 18th c. as a verb meaning “to press, be pressed, be wedged in”. Eventually onomatopoeic, perhaps identical with Middle English cham (to bite, to gnash one's teeth), whence modern champ.

NounEdit

jam (countable and uncountable, plural jams)

  1. A sweet mixture of fruit boiled with sugar and allowed to congeal. Often spread on bread or toast or used in jam tarts.
    Synonyms: (US) conserve, jelly, preserve
  2. (countable) A difficult situation.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:difficult situation
    • 1928, Upton Sinclair, Boston:
      It's a blackmail ring, and the district attorneys get a share of the loot. [] Well, they got him in the same kind of jam, and soaked him to the tune of three hundred and eighty-six thousand.
    • 1975, Bob Dylan (lyrics and music), “Tangled Up in Blue”:
      She was married when we first met / Soon to be divorced / I helped her out of a jam, I guess / But I used a little too much force
    • 1977, David Byrne (lyrics and music), “Uh-Oh, Love Comes to Town”, in Talking Heads: 77, performed by Talking Heads:
      Where, where is my common sense? / How did I get in a jam like this?
  3. (countable) Blockage, congestion.
    A traffic jam caused us to miss the game's first period.
    a jam of logs in a river
  4. (countable, popular music) An informal, impromptu performance or rehearsal.
  5. (countable, by extension, informal) A song; a track.
    • 2001, Jet (volume 100, number 22, page 25)
      The result is an outstanding assortment of sophisticated, sexy and hip-hop-tinged R&B grooves, ballads and party jams.
  6. (countable, by extension) An informal event where people brainstorm and collaborate on projects.
    We came up with some new ideas at the game jam.
  7. (uncountable, slang) That which one particularly prefers, desires, enjoys, or cares about.
    Teaching is my jam.
  8. (countable, baseball) A difficult situation for a pitcher or defending team.
    The pitcher's in a jam now, having walked the bases loaded with the cleanup hitter coming to bat.
  9. (countable, basketball) A forceful dunk.
  10. (countable, roller derby) A play during which points can be scored.
    Toughie scored four points in that jam.
  11. (climbing, countable) Any of several maneuvers requiring wedging of an extremity into a tight space.
    I used a whole series of fist and foot jams in that crack.
  12. (Britain, slang) luck.
    He's got more jam than Waitrose.
  13. (slang) sexual relations or the contemplation of them.
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Czech: džem
  • Japanese: ジャム (jamu)
  • Korean: (jaem)
  • Russian: джем (džem)
  • Serbo-Croatian: džȅm, џе̏м
  • Slovak: džem
TranslationsEdit
See alsoEdit

VerbEdit

jam (third-person singular simple present jams, present participle jamming, simple past and past participle jammed)

  1. To get something stuck, often (though not necessarily) in a confined space.
    My foot got jammed in a gap between the rocks.
    Her poor little baby toe got jammed in the door.
    I jammed the top knuckle of my ring finger.
    • 1719, Daniel Defoe, Robinson Crusoe, London: W. Taylor, 3rd edition, 1719, p. 226,[1]
      The Ship, which by its Building was Spanish, stuck fast, jaum’d in between two Rocks; all the Stern and Quarter of her was beaten to Pieces with the Sea []
  2. To brusquely force something into a space; cram, squeeze.
    They temporarily stopped the gas tank leak by jamming a piece of taffy into the hole.
    The rush-hour train was jammed with commuters.
    • 1779, George Colman, Farewell Epilogue, spoken at Wynnstay after the representation of Cymbeline and The Spanish Barber, 22 January, 1779, in Prose on Several Occasions: Accompanied with Some Pieces in Verse, London: T. Cadel, 1787, Volume 3, p. 283,[2]
      Since the new post-horse tax, I dare engage
      That some folks here have travell’d in the Stage:
      Jamm’d in at midnight, in cold winter weather,
      The crouded passengers are glew’d together.
  3. To cause congestion or blockage. Often used with "up"
    A single accident can jam the roads for hours.
  4. To block or confuse a broadcast signal.
  5. (baseball) To throw a pitch at or near the batter's hands.
    Jones was jammed by the pitch.
  6. (music) To play music (especially improvisation as a group, or an informal unrehearsed session).
  7. To injure a finger or toe by sudden compression of the digit's tip.
    When he tripped on the step he jammed his toe.
  8. (roller derby) To attempt to score points.
    Toughie jammed four times in the second period.
  9. (nautical, transitive) To bring (a vessel) so close to the wind that half her upper sails are laid aback.
    • 1887, William Clark Russell, The Golden Hope
      It won't do to jam her,” answered Stone ;" but it might be worth findin' out if th' Hope won't lie closer than t' other can." Half a point ----"
  10. (Canada, informal) To give up on a date or some joint endeavour; stand up, chicken out, jam out.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Persian or Hindi, meaning "garment, robe;" see جامه(garment). Related to pajamas.

NounEdit

jam (plural jams)

  1. (dated) A kind of frock for children.

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

jam (plural jams)

  1. (mining) Alternative form of jamb

ReferencesEdit

  •   jam on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • jam at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • jam in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

AnagramsEdit


AlbanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Albanian *esmi, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésmi (I am, I exist), identical with Ancient Greek εἰμί (eimí), Sanskrit अस्मि (ásmi), English am. Aorist qeshë from Proto-Indo-European *kʷel- (to turn, revolve), with a semantic development similar to Germanic *werdan (to become), from Proto-Indo-European *wert- (to turn).[1]

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

jam (first-person singular past tense qeshë, participle qenë)

  1. to be

ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998) , “jam”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 156

CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Portuguese inhame or Spanish iñame, both likely of West African origin.

NounEdit

jam m

  1. yam (any Dioscorea vine)

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English jam.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

jam m (plural jams, diminutive jammetje n)

  1. (chiefly Netherlands) jam (congealed sweet mixture of conserved fruits)

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


EsperantoEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin iam.

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

jam

  1. already

GaroEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

jam

  1. granary, storehouse

Highland PopolucaEdit

NounEdit

jam

  1. lime

ReferencesEdit

  • Elson, Benjamin F.; Gutiérrez G., Donaciano (1999) Diccionario popoluca de la Sierra, Veracruz (Serie de vocabularios y diccionarios indígenas “Mariano Silva y Aceves”; 41)‎[3] (in Spanish), Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., →ISBN, page 74

IndonesianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Malay jam, from Sanskrit याम (yāma, time).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈd͡ʒam]
  • Hyphenation: jam

NounEdit

jam (first-person possessive jamku, second-person possessive jammu, third-person possessive jamnya)

  1. hour (Time period of sixty minutes)
  2. clock (instrument to measure or keep track of time)
  3. (colloquial) time, particular moment or hour; the appropriate moment or hour for something
    Synonyms: pukul, saat, waktu

Further readingEdit


InterlinguaEdit

AdverbEdit

jam (not comparable)

  1. already

JavaneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from Sanskrit याम (yāma)

NounEdit

jam

  1. clock

LatgalianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈjam/
  • Hyphenation: jam

PronounEdit

jam

  1. dative singular of jis
    Es jam atsaceju par reizi.I replied to him right away.
    Jam daguoja laistīs paceli nu sātys.He had to leave his home.
    Vys jam nazkas natai.He's never satisfied. (literally, “It's never good enough for him.”)

ReferencesEdit

  • Nicole Nau (2011) A short grammar of Latgalian, München: LINCOM GmbH, →ISBN, page 37

LatinEdit

AdverbEdit

jam (not comparable)

  1. Alternative form of iam

ReferencesEdit


LinduEdit

NounEdit

jam

  1. time
  2. hour
  3. clock

LithuanianEdit

PronounEdit

jam m

  1. (third-person singular) dative form of jis.
    • 2007, Jurga (Jurga Šeduikytė), Angelai
      Jo balti sparnai man tinka
      Jam savo šarvus dovanoju
      His white wings suit me
      I present to him my armor

MalayEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit याम (yāma, time).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

jam (Jawi spelling جم‎, plural jam-jam, informal 1st possessive jamku, impolite 2nd possessive jammu, 3rd possessive jamnya)

  1. hour (Time period of sixty minutes)
  2. clock (instrument to measure or keep track of time)

Further readingEdit


North FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Frisian . Cognate with West Frisian jimme

PronounEdit

jam

  1. you (plural)
  2. your (plural)

PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

jam f

  1. genitive plural of jama

PronounEdit

jam

  1. (informal, sometimes proscribed) Combined form of ja +‎ -m (first person singular pronoun + verb suffix).

Further readingEdit

  • jam in Polish dictionaries at PWN

SloveneEdit

NounEdit

jam

  1. genitive dual/plural of jama

SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

jam n

  1. meow (sound of a cat)

DeclensionEdit

Declension of jam 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative jam jamet jam jamen
Genitive jams jamets jams jamens

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


WelshEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English jam.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

jam m (plural jamiau, not mutable)

  1. jam
    Synonym: cyffaith

Further readingEdit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present) , “jam”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

West FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

jam c (plural jams)

  1. jam, fruit preserves

Alternative formsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • jam (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011