Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/pьrati

Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Note that Vasmer derives Old Church Slavonic перѫтъ (perǫtŭ, they fly) from Proto-Slavic *perti (to fly) (etymologically separate from the normal verb of that shape). This derivation is not consistent with evidence from other languages, which show that *perti has 1sg. *pьrǫ rather than **perǫ. Vasmer also includes Russian пере́ть (perétʹ, to move, to travel) as a derivative of this putative verb rather than as a colloquial, secondary development from the primary meaning "to drag".

VerbEdit

*pьrati impf[1][2]

  1. to fly
InflectionEdit
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Church Slavonic: перу (peru, I fly, I move) (Russian)
  • South Slavic:
    • Old Church Slavonic:
      Cyrillic: 1sg. перѫ (perǫ, I fly), 3pl. перѫтъ (perǫtŭ, they fly)
      Glagolitic: [Term?]

Further readingEdit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “пере́ть”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress

Etymology 2Edit

Formed as *perti +‎ *-ati, descending either from Proto-Indo-European *per- (to propel, forwards) or from Proto-Indo-European *(s)perH- (to trample, to spurn) (see *perti for further explanation). The present tense declension continues the simple thematic forms *(s)per(H)-é-ti.

VerbEdit

*pьràti[3][4][5][6]

  1. to beat, to trample
  2. to wash (by hand)
    Synonym: *polkati
InflectionEdit
  • Intensive derivative: *-pirati
Related termsEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “прать”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*pьrati I”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 427: “v.”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) , “(po-)pьrati: -perǫ -peretь”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c sparke, trykke (PR 139)”
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*pьrati II”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 427: “v. ‘beat, trample, wash’”
  4. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) , “pьrati: perǫ peretь”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c vaske (SA 204, 236; PR 139)”
  5. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016) , “práti”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar, Ljubljana: Inštitut za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, →ISBN: “*pьra̋ti, sed. *pȅrǫ
  6. ^ Kapović, Mate (2007) , “The Development of Proto-Slavic Quantity”, in Wiener Slavistisches Jahrbuch[1], University of Vienna, page 6: “*pьra̋ti”