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See also: Absence

Contents

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English absence, from Old French absence, ausence, from Latin absentia, from absēns (absent), present active participle of absum (I am away or absent), from ab (from, away from) + sum (I am).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

absence (usually uncountable, plural absences)

  1. A state of being away or withdrawn from a place or from companionship; the period of being away. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.][1]
    Absence makes the heart grow fonder.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Phillipians 2:12
      Not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence.
  2. Failure to be present where one is expected, wanted, or needed; nonattendance; deficiency. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.][1]
  3. Lack; deficiency; nonexistence. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.][1]
    He had an absence of enthusiasm.
    • (Can we date this quote?) - Kent
      In the absence of conventional law.
  4. Inattention to things present; abstraction (of mind). [First attested in the early 18th century.][1]
    absence of mind
  5. (medicine) Temporary loss or disruption of consciousness, with sudden onset and recovery, and common in epilepsy. [First attested in the mid 20th century.][1]
  6. (fencing) Lack of contact between blades.

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 “absence” in Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 2002, ISBN 978-0-19-860457-0, page 8.

CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French absence, from Latin absentia, from absēns (absent), present active participle of absum (I am away or absent), from ab (of, by, from) + sum (I am)

NounEdit

absence f

  1. absence

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • absence in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • absence in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French absence.

NounEdit

absence c (singular definite absencen, plural indefinite absencer)

  1. (medicine) petit mal

InflectionEdit

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin absentia, from absēns (absent), present active participle of absum (I am away or absent), from ab (of, by, from) + sum (I am).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

absence f (plural absences)

  1. absence (state of being absent or withdrawn)

Further readingEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French absent, from Latin absentia, from absēns (absent), present active participle of absum (I am away or absent), from ab (of, by, from) + sum (I am).

NounEdit

absence (plural absences)

  1. absent

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Stratmann, Francis Henry; Henry Bradley (First published 1891) A Dictionary of Middle English[1], London: Oxford University Press, published 1954, page 3