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EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English absent, from Middle French absent, from Old French ausent, and their source, Latin absens, present participle of absum (to be away from), from ab (away) + sum (to be).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

absent (comparative absenter, superlative absentest)[1]

  1. (not comparable) Being away from a place; withdrawn from a place; not present; missing. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.][2]
  2. (not comparable) Not existing; lacking. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.][2]
    The part was rudimental or absent.
  3. (sometimes comparable) Inattentive to what is passing; absent-minded; preoccupied. [First attested in the early 18th century.][2]
    • 1746-1747, Chesterfield, Letters to his Son:
      What is commonly called an absent man is commonly either a very weak or a very affected man.
AntonymsEdit
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

NounEdit

absent (plural absents)

  1. (obsolete) Absentee; a person who is away on occasion. [Attested from around 1350 to 1470 until the early 19th century.][2]

PrepositionEdit

absent

  1. In the absence of; without; except. [First attested in the mid 20th century.][2]
    Absent taxes modern governments cannot function.
    • 1919, “State vs. Britt, Supreme Court of Missouri, Division 2”, in The Southwestern Reporter, page 427:
      If the accused refuse upon demand to pay money or deliver property (absent any excuse or excusing circumstance) which came into his hands as a bailee, such refusal might well constitute some evidence of conversion, with the requisite fraudulent intent required by the statute.
    • 2011, David Elstein, London Review of Books, volume 33, number 15:
      the Princess Caroline case [] established that – absent a measurable ‘public interest’ in publication – she was safe from being photographed while out shopping.
    • 2019 September 5, Ian Bogost, “I tried to limit my screen time (It didn't go well)”, in The Atlantic[1]:
      And the distraction-management software Freedom offers a mode that won’t unlock affected apps absent a telephone-support call.
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English absenten, from Old French absenter, from Late Latin absentāre (keep away, be away).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

absent (third-person singular simple present absents, present participle absenting, simple past and past participle absented)

  1. (reflexive) To keep (oneself) away.
    Most of the men are retired, jobless, or have otherwise temporarily absented themselves from the workplace.
    • 1701-1703, Addison, Remarks on Italy:
      If after due summons any member absents himself, he is to be fined.
    • 1945 August 17, George Orwell [pseudonym; Eric Arthur Blair], chapter 6, in Animal Farm: A Fairy Story, London: Secker & Warburg, OCLC 3655473:
      This work was strictly voluntary, but any animal who absented himself from it would have his rations reduced by half.
  2. (transitive, archaic) To keep (someone) away. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.][2]
  3. (intransitive, obsolete) Stay away; withdraw. [Attested from around 1350 to 1470 until the late 18th century.][2]
    • 1855, Frederick Douglass, My Bondage and My Freedom:
      The iron rule of the plantation, always passionately and violently enforced in that neighborhood, makes flogging the penalty of failing to be in the field before sunrise in the morning, unless special permission be given to the absenting slave.
  4. (transitive, rare) Leave. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.][2]
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Philip Babcock Gove (editor), Webster's Third International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (G. & C. Merriam Co., 1976 [1909], →ISBN), page 6
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 “absent” in Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 2002, →ISBN, page 8.

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin absēns, absēntem. Doublet of ausent.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

absent (masculine and feminine plural absents)

  1. absent
    Antonym: present

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin absēns, absēntem. Compare the popular form ausent.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

absent (feminine singular absente, masculine plural absents, feminine plural absentes)

  1. absent
  2. absent-minded

Related termsEdit

NounEdit

absent m (plural absents)

  1. absentee; missing person

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

absent (not comparable)

  1. absent, not present
  2. absent-minded

DeclensionEdit


NormanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French ausent, relatinized on the model of its ancestor, Latin absēns (absent, missing), present active participle of absum, abesse (be away, be absent).

AdjectiveEdit

absent m

  1. (Jersey) absent

Derived termsEdit


RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French absent, Latin absēns, absēntem.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /abˈsent/, /apˈsent/

AdjectiveEdit

absent m or n (feminine singular absentă, masculine plural absenți, feminine and neuter plural absente)

  1. absent
    Antonym: prezent

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit