See also: álka, áłká, alką, -alka, and -alką

AlungulEdit

NounEdit

alka (ergative alkant)

  1. spear

Further readingEdit

  • Languages of Cape York: papers presented to the linguistic symposium, part B, held in conjunction with the Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies Biennial General Meeting, May, 1974 (published 1976)

CzechEdit

 
Alka

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

alka f

  1. auk

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • alka in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • alka in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Flinders IslandEdit

NounEdit

alka (ergative alkata)

  1. spear

Further readingEdit

  • Languages of Cape York: papers presented to the linguistic symposium, part B, held in conjunction with the Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies Biennial General Meeting, May, 1974 (published 1976)

HungarianEdit

 
Hungarian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hu

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈɒlkɒ]
  • Hyphenation: al‧ka
  • Rhymes: -kɒ
 
alka

NounEdit

alka (plural alkák)

  1. razorbill (Alca torda)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative alka alkák
accusative alkát alkákat
dative alkának alkáknak
instrumental alkával alkákkal
causal-final alkáért alkákért
translative alkává alkákká
terminative alkáig alkákig
essive-formal alkaként alkákként
essive-modal
inessive alkában alkákban
superessive alkán alkákon
adessive alkánál alkáknál
illative alkába alkákba
sublative alkára alkákra
allative alkához alkákhoz
elative alkából alkákból
delative alkáról alkákról
ablative alkától alkáktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
alkáé alkáké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
alkáéi alkákéi
Possessive forms of alka
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. alkám alkáim
2nd person sing. alkád alkáid
3rd person sing. alkája alkái
1st person plural alkánk alkáink
2nd person plural alkátok alkáitok
3rd person plural alkájuk alkáik

MalteseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Eventually from Latin alga.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

alka f

  1. seaweed

Derived termsEdit


MapudungunEdit

NounEdit

alka (Raguileo spelling)

  1. rooster

SynonymsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

alka (Raguileo spelling)

  1. (grammar) masculine

Usage notesEdit

Used together with the name of certain types of animals to show that they are of the male sex.

ReferencesEdit

  • Wixaleyiñ: Mapucezugun-wigkazugun pici hemvlcijka (Wixaleyiñ: Small Mapudungun-Spanish dictionary), Beretta, Marta; Cañumil, Dario; Cañumil, Tulio, 2008.

Mbariman-GudhinmaEdit

NounEdit

alka (ergative alkanow)

  1. spear

Further readingEdit

  • Languages of Cape York: papers presented to the linguistic symposium, part B, held in conjunction with the Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies Biennial General Meeting, May, 1974 (published 1976)

Norwegian BokmålEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

alka m or f

  1. definite feminine singular of alke

Norwegian NynorskEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse alka.

NounEdit

alka f (definite singular alka, indefinite plural alker or alkor, definite plural alkene or alkone)

  1. (pre-2012) alternative form of alke
  2. definite singular of alke

Etymology 2Edit

Perhaps derived from Middle Low German.

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

alka (present tense alkar, past tense alka, past participle alka, passive infinitive alkast, present participle alkande, imperative alka/alk)

  1. to pig, to make a mes

Etymology 3Edit

Compare dialectal Swedish ulka (to start growling).

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

alka (present tense alkar, past tense alka, past participle alka, passive infinitive alkast, present participle alkande, imperative alka/alk)

  1. to vex

AnagramsEdit


Old NorseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *alkǭ.

NounEdit

alka f (genitive ǫlku)

  1. auk

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Icelandic: álka
    • English: auk
  • Faroese: álka
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: alke; (dialectal) ålke
  • Norwegian Bokmål: alke
  • Swedish: alka
    • Dutch: alk
    • German: Alk
  • Danish: alke

AnagramsEdit


PolishEdit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from New Latin alca,[1] from Old Norse alka,[2] from Proto-Germanic *alkǭ. First attested in 1779.[3]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈal.ka/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -alka
  • Syllabification: al‧ka

NounEdit

alka f

  1. auk, razorbill (ny of several species of Arctic sea birds of the family Alcidae)

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Witold Doroszewski, editor (1958–1969), “alka”, in Słownik języka polskiego (in Polish), Warszawa: PWN
  2. ^ Mirosław Bańko; Lidia Wiśniakowska (2021) Wielki słownik wyrazów obcych, →ISBN
  3. ^ Krzysztof Kluk (1779) Zwierząt domowych i dzikich osobliwie kraiowych historyi naturalney początki i gospodarstwo: A, 2 O ptastwie[1], volume 2, page 68

Further readingEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ottoman Turkish حلقه(halka), from Arabic حَلْقَة(ḥalqa).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /âːlka/
  • Hyphenation: al‧ka

NounEdit

ȃlka f (Cyrillic spelling а̑лка)

  1. metal ring
  2. door knocker
  3. tilting at the ring (game)

DeclensionEdit


SlovakEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

alka f (genitive singular alky, nominative plural alky, genitive plural álk, aliek, declension pattern of žena)

  1. auk

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • alka in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk

SwedishEdit

NounEdit

alka c

  1. auk; bird in the family Alcidae

DeclensionEdit

Declension of alka 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative alka alkan alkor alkorna
Genitive alkas alkans alkors alkornas

AnagramsEdit


VoticEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *alkadak.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Luuditsa, Liivtšülä) IPA(key): /ˈɑlkɑː/, [ˈɑɫkɑ]
  • Rhymes: -ɑlkɑː
  • Hyphenation: al‧ka

VerbEdit

alka

  1. to begin, to start

InflectionEdit

Conjugation of alka (type III-3/anta, k-g gradation)
Indicative
Present Perfect
positive negative positive negative
1st singular algõn en algõ 1st singular õõn alkõnnu en õõ alkõnnu
2nd singular algõd ed algõ 2nd singular õõd alkõnnu ed õõ alkõnnu
3rd singular algõb eb algõ 3rd singular on alkõnnu eb õõ alkõnnu
1st plural algõmmõ emmä algõ 1st plural öõmmõ alkõnnu emmä õõ alkõnnu
2nd plural algõttõ että algõ 2nd plural õõttõ alkõnnu että õõ alkõnnu
3rd plural algõta eväd algõ 3rd plural õlla algõttu eväd õõ algõttu
impersonal algõta eväd algõ impersonal õlla algõttu eväd õõ algõttu
Imperfect Pluperfect
positive negative positive negative
1st singular algin en alkõnnu 1st singular õlin alkõnnu
2nd singular algid ed alkõnnu 2nd singular õlid alkõnnu
3rd singular alki eb alkõnnu 3rd singular õli alkõnnu
1st plural algimmõ emmä alkõnnu 1st plural õlimmõ alkõnnu
2nd plural algittõ että alkõnnu 2nd plural õlittõ alkõnnu
3rd plural algõtti eväd algõttu 3rd plural õlti algõttu
impersonal algõtti eväd algõttu impersonal õlti algõttu
Conditional
Present Perfect
positive negative positive negative
1st singular alkaizin en alkaizʹ 1st singular õllõizin alkõnnu en õllõizʹ alkõnnu
2nd singular alkaizid ed alkaizʹ 2nd singular õllõizid alkõnnu ed õllõizʹ alkõnnu
3rd singular alkaizʹ eb alkaizʹ 3rd singular õllõizʹ alkõnnu eb õllõizʹ alkõnnu
1st plural alkaizimmõ emmä alkaizʹ 1st plural õllõizimmõ alkõnnu emmä õllõizʹ alkõnnu
2nd plural alkaizittõ että alkaizʹ 2nd plural õllõizittõ alkõnnu että õllõizʹ alkõnnu
3rd plural algõttaizʹ eväd algõttaizʹ 3rd plural õltaizʹ algõttu eväd õltaizʹ algõttu
impersonal algõttaizʹ eväd algõttaizʹ impersonal õltaizʹ algõttu eväd õltaizʹ algõttu
Imperative
Present
positive negative
1st singular
2nd singular algõ elä algõ
3rd singular alkõgo elko alkõgo
1st plural
2nd plural alkõga elka alkõga
3rd plural alkõgod
impersonal
Nominal forms
Infinitives Participles
active passive
1st alka present alkõjõ
2nd illative alkõma past alkõnnu algõttu
inessive alkõmõz
elative alkõmassõ
abessive alkõmattõ

ReferencesEdit

  • V. Hallap, E. Adler, S. Grünberg, M. Leppik (2012) Vadja keele sõnaraamat [A dictionary of the Votic language]‎[2], 2 edition, Tallinn