See also: álka, áłká, alką, -alka, and -alką

Alungul

edit

Noun

edit

alka (ergative alkant)

  1. spear

Further reading

edit
  • Languages of Cape York: papers presented to the linguistic symposium, part B, held in conjunction with the Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies Biennial General Meeting, May, 1974 (published 1976)

Czech

edit
 
Alka

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

alka f

  1. auk

Declension

edit

Derived terms

edit

Further reading

edit
  • alka in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • alka in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Flinders Island

edit

Noun

edit

alka (ergative alkata)

  1. spear

Further reading

edit
  • Languages of Cape York: papers presented to the linguistic symposium, part B, held in conjunction with the Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies Biennial General Meeting, May, 1974 (published 1976)

Hungarian

edit
 
Hungarian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hu

Etymology

edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): [ˈɒlkɒ]
  • Hyphenation: al‧ka
  • Rhymes: -kɒ
 
alka

Noun

edit

alka (plural alkák)

  1. razorbill (Alca torda)

Declension

edit
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative alka alkák
accusative alkát alkákat
dative alkának alkáknak
instrumental alkával alkákkal
causal-final alkáért alkákért
translative alkává alkákká
terminative alkáig alkákig
essive-formal alkaként alkákként
essive-modal
inessive alkában alkákban
superessive alkán alkákon
adessive alkánál alkáknál
illative alkába alkákba
sublative alkára alkákra
allative alkához alkákhoz
elative alkából alkákból
delative alkáról alkákról
ablative alkától alkáktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
alkáé alkáké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
alkáéi alkákéi
Possessive forms of alka
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. alkám alkáim
2nd person sing. alkád alkáid
3rd person sing. alkája alkái
1st person plural alkánk alkáink
2nd person plural alkátok alkáitok
3rd person plural alkájuk alkáik

Maltese

edit
 

Etymology

edit

Eventually from Latin alga.

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /ˈal.ka/
  • Audio (Gozo):(file)

Noun

edit

alka f

  1. seaweed

Derived terms

edit

Mapudungun

edit

Noun

edit

alka (Raguileo spelling)

  1. rooster

Synonyms

edit

Adjective

edit

alka (Raguileo spelling)

  1. (grammar) masculine

Usage notes

edit

Used together with the name of certain types of animals to show that they are of the male sex.

References

edit
  • Wixaleyiñ: Mapucezugun-wigkazugun pici hemvlcijka (Wixaleyiñ: Small Mapudungun-Spanish dictionary), Beretta, Marta; Cañumil, Dario; Cañumil, Tulio, 2008.

Mbariman-Gudhinma

edit

Noun

edit

alka (ergative alkanow)

  1. spear

Further reading

edit
  • Languages of Cape York: papers presented to the linguistic symposium, part B, held in conjunction with the Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies Biennial General Meeting, May, 1974 (published 1976)

Norwegian Bokmål

edit

Alternative forms

edit

Noun

edit

alka m or f

  1. definite feminine singular of alke

Norwegian Nynorsk

edit

Etymology 1

edit

From Old Norse alka.

Noun

edit

alka f (definite singular alka, indefinite plural alker or alkor, definite plural alkene or alkone)

  1. (pre-2012) alternative form of alke
  2. definite singular of alke

Etymology 2

edit

Perhaps derived from Middle Low German.

Alternative forms

edit

Verb

edit

alka (present tense alkar, past tense alka, past participle alka, passive infinitive alkast, present participle alkande, imperative alka/alk)

  1. to pig, to make a mess

Etymology 3

edit

Compare dialectal Swedish ulka (to start growling).

Alternative forms

edit

Verb

edit

alka (present tense alkar, past tense alka, past participle alka, passive infinitive alkast, present participle alkande, imperative alka/alk)

  1. to vex

Anagrams

edit

Old Norse

edit

Etymology

edit

From Proto-Germanic *alkǭ.

Noun

edit

alka f (genitive ǫlku)

  1. auk

Declension

edit

Descendants

edit

Anagrams

edit

Polish

edit
 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl
 
alka

Etymology

edit

Learned borrowing from New Latin alca,[1] from Old Norse alka,[2] from Proto-Germanic *alkǭ. First attested in 1779[3].

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

alka f

  1. auk, razorbill (any of several species of Arctic sea birds of the family Alcidae)

Declension

edit

References

edit
  1. ^ Witold Doroszewski, editor (1958–1969), “alka”, in Słownik języka polskiego (in Polish), Warszawa: PWN
  2. ^ Mirosław Bańko, Lidia Wiśniakowska (2021) “alka”, in Wielki słownik wyrazów obcych, →ISBN
  3. ^ Krzysztof Kluk (1779) Zwierząt domowych i dzikich osobliwie kraiowych historyi naturalney początki i gospodarstwo: A, 2 O ptastwie[1] (in Polish), volume 2, page 68

Further reading

edit

Serbo-Croatian

edit

Alternative forms

edit

Etymology

edit

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish حلقه (halka), from Arabic حَلْقَة (ḥalqa).

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /âːlka/
  • Hyphenation: al‧ka

Noun

edit

ȃlka f (Cyrillic spelling а̑лка)

  1. metal ring
  2. door knocker
  3. tilting at the ring (game)

Declension

edit

Slovak

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

alka f (genitive singular alky, nominative plural alky, genitive plural álk, aliek, declension pattern of žena)

  1. auk

Declension

edit

Derived terms

edit

References

edit
  • alka”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Swedish

edit

Etymology

edit

From Old Norse alka

Noun

edit

alka c

  1. auk; bird in the family Alcidae

Declension

edit
Declension of alka 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative alka alkan alkor alkorna
Genitive alkas alkans alkors alkornas

Anagrams

edit

Votic

edit

Etymology

edit

From Proto-Finnic *alkadak.

Pronunciation

edit
  • (Luutsa, Liivtšülä) IPA(key): /ˈɑlkɑː/, [ˈɑɫkɑ]
  • Rhymes: -ɑlkɑː
  • Hyphenation: al‧ka

Verb

edit

alka

  1. to begin, to start

Inflection

edit
Conjugation of alka (type III-3/anta, k-g gradation)
Indicative
Present Perfect
positive negative positive negative
1st singular algõn en algõ 1st singular õõn alkõnnu en õõ alkõnnu
2nd singular algõd ed algõ 2nd singular õõd alkõnnu ed õõ alkõnnu
3rd singular algõb eb algõ 3rd singular on alkõnnu eb õõ alkõnnu
1st plural algõmmõ emmä algõ 1st plural õõmmõ alkõnnu emmä õõ alkõnnu
2nd plural algõttõ että algõ 2nd plural õõttõ alkõnnu että õõ alkõnnu
3rd plural algõta eväd algõ 3rd plural õlla algõttu eväd õõ algõttu
impersonal algõta eväd algõ impersonal õlla algõttu eväd õõ algõttu
Imperfect Pluperfect
positive negative positive negative
1st singular algin en alkõnnu 1st singular õlin alkõnnu
2nd singular algid ed alkõnnu 2nd singular õlid alkõnnu
3rd singular alki eb alkõnnu 3rd singular õli alkõnnu
1st plural algimmõ emmä alkõnnu 1st plural õlimmõ alkõnnu
2nd plural algittõ että alkõnnu 2nd plural õlittõ alkõnnu
3rd plural algõtti eväd algõttu 3rd plural õlti algõttu
impersonal algõtti eväd algõttu impersonal õlti algõttu
Conditional
Present Perfect
positive negative positive negative
1st singular alkaizin en alkaizʹ 1st singular õllõizin alkõnnu en õllõizʹ alkõnnu
2nd singular alkaizid ed alkaizʹ 2nd singular õllõizid alkõnnu ed õllõizʹ alkõnnu
3rd singular alkaizʹ eb alkaizʹ 3rd singular õllõizʹ alkõnnu eb õllõizʹ alkõnnu
1st plural alkaizimmõ emmä alkaizʹ 1st plural õllõizimmõ alkõnnu emmä õllõizʹ alkõnnu
2nd plural alkaizittõ että alkaizʹ 2nd plural õllõizittõ alkõnnu että õllõizʹ alkõnnu
3rd plural algõttaizʹ eväd algõttaizʹ 3rd plural õltaizʹ algõttu eväd õltaizʹ algõttu
impersonal algõttaizʹ eväd algõttaizʹ impersonal õltaizʹ algõttu eväd õltaizʹ algõttu
Imperative
Present
positive negative
1st singular
2nd singular algõ elä algõ
3rd singular alkõgo elko alkõgo
1st plural
2nd plural alkaga elka alkaga
3rd plural alkõgod
impersonal
Nominal forms
Infinitives Participles
active passive
1st alka present alkõjõ1)
2nd illative alkõma past alkõnnu algõttu
inessive alkõmõz 1) also used as the agent noun
elative alkõmõssõ
abessive alkõmõttõ

References

edit
  • Hallap, V., Adler, E., Grünberg, S., Leppik, M. (2012) Vadja keele sõnaraamat [A dictionary of the Votic language], 2nd edition, Tallinn