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Alteration of artefact, from Italian artefatto, from Latin arte (by skill), (ablative of ars (art)) + factum (thing made), from facio (to make, do")



artifact (plural artifacts)

  1. An object made or shaped by human hand.
  2. (archaeology) An object, such as a tool, weapon or ornament, of archaeological or historical interest, especially such an object found at an archaeological excavation.
    The dig produced many Roman artifacts.
    • 2017, John Oliver, “North Korea”, in Last Week Tonight with John Oliver, season 4, episode 21, written by Tim Carvell; Josh Gondelman; Dan Gurewitch; Jeff Maurer; Ben Silva; Will Tracy; Jill Twiss; Seena Vali; Julie Weiner, HBO, Warner Bros. Television:
      Holy shit! It is fascinating when a country’s culture seeps even into their math lessons, although it’s not really surprising. As a British child, our math questions were “if Johnny has two artifacts and Dinesh has two artifacts, then how many artifacts is Johnny about to have?” The answer, of course, “all the artifacts, Dinesh’s family can come visit them in a British museum whenever they’re in town.”
  3. Something viewed as a product of human conception or agency rather than an inherent element.
    • Philip Weiss
      The very act of looking at a naked model was an artifact of male supremacy.
  4. A structure or finding in an experiment or investigation that is not a true feature of the object under observation, but is a result of external action, the test arrangement, or an experimental error.
    The spot on his lung turned out to be an artifact of the X-ray process.
  5. (biology) A structure or appearance in protoplasm due to death, method of preparation of specimens, or the use of reagents, and not present during life.
  6. An object made or shaped by some agent or intelligence, not necessarily of direct human origin.
  7. (computing) A perceptible distortion that appears in a digital image, audio or video file as a result of applying a lossy compression algorithm.
    This JPEG image has been so highly compressed that it has unsightly compression artifacts, making it unsuitable for the cover of our magazine.