See also: bose, Bose, and Böse

German edit

Alternative forms edit

  • bös (colloquial or poetic)

Etymology edit

From Middle High German bœse, bōse, from Old High German bōsi, from Proto-Germanic *bausuz (inflated, puffed up, arrogant, bad), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰew-, *bew- (to blow, inflate, swell), akin to Yiddishבייז(beyz), Dutch boos, and English boast.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbøːzə/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -øːzə

Adjective edit

böse (strong nominative masculine singular böser, comparative böser, superlative am bösesten)

  1. evil; malicious; wicked
    Synonyms: boshaft, bösartig
    Antonym: gut
    Unsere Taten können schlimme Folgen haben, selbst wenn wir keine bösen Absichten hatten.
    Our actions can have terrible consequences even if we didn’t have any evil intentions.
    jemandem Böses wollen.
    to want to hurt someone.
  2. bad; naughty
    Antonym: brav
    Böse Kinder kriegen nichts vom Sankt Nikolaus.
    Naughty children don’t get anything from St. Nicholas.
  3. (chiefly predicative) angry
    Synonyms: sauer, verärgert
    Bist du böse auf mich?Are you angry at me?

Declension edit

Related terms edit

See also edit

Adverb edit


  1. nastily, evilly

Further reading edit