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LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *baid-, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰoyd-, the o grade of *bʰey-, *bʰī- “to hit, to pierce” with an extra d. (Synonym biedēt comes from the e grade form *bʰeyd-, i.e. etymologically biedēt and baidīt are parallel forms of the same stem.) Cognates include Lithuanian baidýti, baidìnti “to scare, to frighten” (for cognates from other forms of this stem, see biedēt).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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VerbEdit

baidīt tr., 3rd conj., pres. baidu, baidi, baida, past baidīju

  1. to scare, to frighten (to cause fear; to be a cause of fear)
    baidīt puikuto scare the boy
    baidīt zirgu, sunito scare the horse, the dog
    viņa bālās acis sāka bailīgi skraidīt un šaudīties kā irbes bērni, kurus baida vanagshis pale eyes began to scurry and waver anxiously like little partridges scared by a hawk
    Mirjam, nebīstieties, kara nebūs... nevajag sevi baidīt, MirjamMirjama, don't be afraid, there will be no war... you shouldn't scare yourself, Mirjama
    viņus traucēja un baidīja uzmācīgie un ziņkārīgie skatienithey were disturbed and scared by the intrusive and curious looks
    jauna dzīve, kas viņu reizē vilināja un baidījaa new life that seduced and scared him at the same time

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “baidīt”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7