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AsturianEdit

GalicianEdit

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Originally the plural form of a no longer used singular term baile, from the same stem as baidīt “to scare” (q.v.): Proto-Baltic *bai with an extra -l, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰoi-, the o grade of *bʰei- “to hit.” Cognates include Lithuanian bailùs (afraid), Sanskrit भीरु (bhīrú-, afraid).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

bailes f (5th declension)

  1. fear (mental state of agitation and confusion, caused by danger or misfortune)
    aklas, paniskas bailesblind, panic fear
    bailes no tumsasfear of darkness
    viņu sagrābj bailesfear seizes, overcomes him
    izraisīt bailesto cause fear
    sastingt, iekliegties bailēsto freeze, to cry out in fear
    dzīvot vienās bailēsto live in one (= constant) fear
    drebēt, nobālēt aiz bailēmto tremble, to become pale with fear
    nāk atkal eksāmenu laiks... nāk uztraukums un bailes līdziexam time is coming again... (and) nervousness and fear are coming along
  2. fear, shame (feeling of discomfort or shame)
    bailes lūgt padomufear to ask for advice
    meitenēm ir bailes nākt pie viesiemthe girls are afraid (= shy) of coming to the guests
  3. concern, worry, care
    bailes par bērna veselībuconcern about the child's health
  4. fear, anxiety, worry (about something, someone)
    bailes par bērniemfear for the children
    bailes par savu veselībufear for one's health, worries about one's health
    viņam ir bailes, ka viņu neizsmejhe has fear (= is afraid) that they would mock him
    man visu laiku bija bailes par zirgiemI had worries all the time about the horses
    viņam bija drusku bailes par to, kāda izvērtīsies sastapšanās ar meitenihe had some fear (= was a little afraid) of how the meeting with the girl would turn out

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “bailes”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN

PortugueseEdit

NounEdit

bailes

  1. plural of baile

SpanishEdit

VerbEdit

bailes

  1. Informal second-person singular () present subjunctive form of bailar.