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bīties

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LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From a no longer extant transitive stem bīt, from Proto-Baltic bī-tey/ti, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰey-, *bʰī- (to hit, to pierce) (compare Russian бить (bitʹ)). Cognates include Lithuanian bijóti, bijótis (to be afraid, to fear), Old Prussian biātwei ([bjātvei]), present 3rd person bia (to be afraid) ([bija]) biāsnan (acc., compare Latvian bijāšanu), pobaiint (to condemn) (compare Latvian pabaidīt), Old Church Slavonic боꙗти сѧ (bojati sę), Russian бояться (bojatʹsja), Belarusian бая́цца (bajácca), Ukrainian боя́тися (bojátysja), Czech báti se, Polish bać się, Old High German bibēn (to tremble) (< *bʰi-bʰoy-ti, a reduplicated root), German beben, Sanskrit भयते (bháyate), Ancient Greek πίθηκος (píthēkos, ape, monkey) (*pithos < *bʰidʰ-os (ugly), probably from earlier “fearsome”), Latin foedus (ugly, loathsome, horrible) (< *bʰoydʰos).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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VerbEdit

bīties refl. + (no+) genitive, 1st conj., pres. bīstos, bīsties, bīstas, past bijos

  1. to be afraid (to experience fear; to feel insecure)
    bities no suņiemto be afraid of dogs
    bīties sodato be afraid of punishment
    bīties tumsasto be afraid of darkness
    ne no kā nebītiesto not be afraid of anything
    bīties kā no ugunsto be afraid as if of fire (= to be very afraid)
    bīstas kā velns no krustahe is afraid like the devil (is) of the cross
    bīties pakustētiesto be afraid of budging
    soļi dobji skan tukšā telpā, tu pūlies klusi staigāt... tukšums, nav ko bīties, tomēr bailesthe steps sound hollow in the empty space, you try to walk silently... darkness, there is nothing to be afraid of, but (= except) fear
  2. to be afraid, to fear (to feel worried, to feel anxiety)
    bīties par dēluto fear for (one's) son
    par tādām bēdām mums vairs nav jābīstaswe no longer need to fear such misfortune
  3. to be afraid, to fear, to dread (to try to avoid)
    bīties šķēršļusto fear obstacles
    no darba zemnieki nebijāsthe farmers were not afraid of work
  4. (colloquial, usually about plants) to be afraid (to be sensitive to something)
    jaunās šķirnes zemenes nebīstas no salnasthe new varieties of strawberry are not afraid of the frost

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “bīties”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN