The noun is derived from Middle English bruit (“commotion, tumult; fame, renown; collective noun for a group of barons”) [and other forms], from Anglo-Norman brut (“commotion, tumult; noise, sounds; fame, renown; hearsay, rumour; collective noun for a group of barons”) and Old French bruit (“commotion, tumult; noise, sounds; fame, renown; hearsay, rumour”) (modern French bruit (“noise; report, rumour”)), a noun use of the past participle of bruire (“to make a noise; to rattle; to roar; to rustle”), from Late Latin brugere, an alteration of Latin rugīre (“to roar”) (the present active infinitive of rugiō (“to bray; to bellow, roar; to rumble”), possibly from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rewg- (“to belch; to roar”)), possibly influenced by Late Latin bragere (“to bray”). The English word is cognate with Catalan brogir (“to roar”); Old Occitan bruir, brugir (“to roar”).
- (Received Pronunciation) enPR: bro͞ot, IPA(key): /bɹuːt/
Audio (RP) (file)
- (General American) IPA(key): /bɹut/
Audio (GA) (file)
- Rhymes: -uːt
- Homophone: brute
- (uncountable, archaic) Hearsay, rumour; talk; (countable) an instance of this.
- a. 1531, John Galt, quoting Thomas Wolsey, “[Appendix. Book III.] No. V. The Copie of My Lord Cardinall’s L’res, Sent to the Lord Dacre of the Northe.”, in The Life and Administration of Cardinal Wolsey, London: […] T[homas] Cadell and W[illiam] Davies, published 1812, OCLC 776778062, page xxxii:
- [R]ememberyng yor accustumable proudent demeanor as well in the atteyning assurid knowledge of the intended purpose of the Scotts, from tyme to tyme, by suche good esp'iell and intelligence that ye have had among the said Scotts, as of the bruits and newes occ'rant amongs them, it is the more mervailed, that if eyther any such attemptats have been made by the said Scotts upon the king's subjects, or that any such bruits be in Scotland of the said duke's thider comyng, that ye have not advertised the king's highnes or me thereof before this tyme; [...]
- c. 1591–1592, William Shakespeare, “The Third Part of Henry the Sixt, […]”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene vii], page 167, column 1:
- Brother, we will proclaime you out of hand, / The bruit thereof will bring you many friends.
- c. 1605–1608, William Shakespeare, “The Life of Tymon of Athens”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act V, scene i], page 97, column 1:
- But yet I loue my Country, and am not / One that reioyces in the common wracke, / As common bruite doth put it.
- 1625, Francis Bacon, “Of Vaine-Glory. LIIII.”, in The Essayes […], London: […] Iohn Haviland […], published 1632, OCLC 863527675, page 308:
- Neither can they [vainglorious people] be Secret, and therefore not Effectuall; but according to the French Prouerbe; Beaucoup de Bruit, peu de Fruit: Much Bruit, little Fruit.
- 1748, [Samuel Richardson], “Letter XVII. From Mr. Lovelace, in Continuation.”, in Clarissa. Or, The History of a Young Lady: […], volume III, London: […] S[amuel] Richardson; […], OCLC 13631815, page 104:
- Common bruit!—Is virtue to be eſtabliſhed by common bruit only?—Has her virtue ever been proved?—Who has dared to try her virtue?
- 1780 November 7, John Adams, “Letter XXXVI”, in Correspondence of the Late President Adams. […], number 1, Boston, Mass.: […] Everett and Munroe, […], published 1809, OCLC 316650277, page 266:
- The bruits of a treaty between the United Provinces and the United States, are as true as moſt of the bruits.
- 1922, Michael Arlen, “Ep./1/1”, in “Piracy”: A Romantic Chronicle of These Days, London: W[illiam] Collins Sons & Co., OCLC 607498, OL 1519647W:
- And so it had always pleased M. Stutz to expect great things from the dark young man whom he had first seen in his early twenties ; and his expectations had waxed rather than waned on hearing the faint bruit of the love of Ivor and Virginia—for Virginia, M. Stutz thought, would bring fineness to a point in a man like Ivor Marlay, [...]
- (countable, obsolete) A clamour, an outcry; a noise.
- 1827, Thomas Hood, “The Plea of the Midsummer Fairies”, in The Plea of the Midsummer Fairies, Hero and Leander, Lycus the Centaur, and Other Poems, Philadelphia, Pa.: E[liakim] Littell, […], and J. Grigg, […], OCLC 5209941, stanza XVI, page 6:
- [S]ome fresh bruit / Startled me all aheap!—and soon I saw / The horridest shape that ever raised my awe,— [...]
- (transitive, archaic in Britain, current in the US) To disseminate, promulgate, or spread news, a rumour, etc.
- a. 1576, Matthew Parker; John Strype, “[An Appendix to Archbishop Parker’s Life.] Number XI. Articles for the Dioceses, to be Inquired of in the Archbishop’s Metropolitical Visitation.”, in The Life and Acts of Matthew Parker, the First Archbishop of Canterbury in the Reign of Queen Elizabeth. […], volume III, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Clarendon Press, published 1821, OCLC 2430394, paragraph 22, page 32:
- Generally, Whether there be [...] any that stubbornly refuse to conform themselves to unity and good religion: any that bruiteth abroad rumours of the alteration of the same, or otherwise that disturbeth good orders, and the quietnes of Christs Church and Christian congregation.
- 1590, Thomas Hariot [i.e., Thomas Harriot], “To the Adventvrers, Favorers, and VVellvvillers of the Enterprise for the Inhabitting and Planting in Virginia”, in A Briefe and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia, […], Frankfurt am Main: […] Ioannis Wecheli, […], OCLC 11426224; reprinted as Narrative of the First English Plantation of Virginia […], London: Bernard Quaritch, […], 1893, OCLC 1618054, page 9:
- There haue bin diuers and variable reportes with some slaunderous and shamefull speeches bruited abroade by many that returned from thence.
- 1841 February–November, Charles Dickens, “Barnaby Rudge”, in Master Humphrey’s Clock, volume II, London: Chapman & Hall, […], OCLC 633494058, chapter 33, page 128:
- As he took John Willet's view of the matter in regard to the propriety of not bruiting the tale abroad, unless the spirit should appear to him again, in which case it would be necessary to take immediate counsel with the clergyman, it was solemnly resolved that it should be hushed up and kept quiet.
- 1859, Herodotus, “The Sixth Book of the History of Herodotus, Entitled Erato”, in George Rawlinson, assisted by Henry Rawlinson and J[ohn] G[ardner] Wilkinson, transl., The History of Herodotus. […] In Four Volumes, volume III, London: John Murray, […], OCLC 960879497, paragraph 64, page 458:
- 1908, Baroness Orczy [i.e., Emma Orczy], “Time—Place—Conditions”, in The Elusive Pimpernel, London: Hutchinson & Co. […], OCLC 4420036, page 121:
- What need to bruit our pleasant quarrel abroad? You will like the weapons, sir, and you shall have your own choice from the pair … You are a fine fencer, I feel sure …
- 1914, Ovid, “[The Amores.] Book the Third.”, in Grant Showerman, transl.; T[homas] E[thelbert] Page and W[illiam] H[enry] D[enham] Rouse, editors, Heroides and Amores […] (Loeb Classical Library; 41), London: William Heinemann; New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company, OCLC 685374, section I, page 445:
- Thou art not ware, but thou art tossed on the tongues of all the city, casting away all shame, thou bruitest abroad thy deeds.
- 2010 August 4, Darren Murph, “China’s Maglev Trains to Hit 1,000km/h in Three Years, […]”, in Engadget, archived from the original on 10 August 2020:
- [I]t's bruited that the tunnel would cost "10 to 20 million yuan ($2.95 million) more than the current high speed railway for each kilometer." Pony up, taxpayers!
- bruiter (archaic)
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈbɹuːi/, /bɹuːˈiː/, /bɹuːt/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈbɹui/, /bɹuˈi/, /bɹut/
- Hyphenation: bru‧it; not hyphenated if pronounced as a single syllable
bruit (plural bruits)
- (medicine) An abnormal sound in the body heard on auscultation (for example, through using a stethoscope); a murmur. [from 19th c.]
- 1835 February 14, F[rançois] Magendie, “Physiology. Lectures on the Physical Conditions of the Tissues of the Body, as Applied to the Explanation of the Vital Phenomena. […] Lecture XVIII.”, in Thomas Wakley, editor, The Lancet, volume I, number 598, London: […] Mills & Co., […], ISSN 0140-6736, OCLC 1113355985, page 697, column 1:
- Gentlemen,—At the close of my last lecture I asserted that the bruit of the heart does not reside in the organ itself, that is to say, is not produced by any mechanism in the interior of the heart, or by a concurrence of circumstances independent of the surrounding organs. I showed you this clearly in the heart of the swan, whose sternum we removed. Upon opening the pericardium and placing the ear close to the heart, or even employing the stethoscope, no bruit or sound of any kind was to be distinguished.
- 1838 October 1, “Researches on the Cause of the Abnormal Auscultatory Sounds in the Large Arteries, &c. By M. Beau.”, in James Johnson and Henry James Johnson, editors, The Medico-chirurgical Review, and Journal of Practical Medicine, volume 29 (New Series), number 18, London: S. Highley, […], OCLC 659155566, page 572, column 1:
- Besides chlorosis, there are several analogous affections, especially such as proceed from large losses of blood, in which the arterial bruits are generally very distinctly perceptible. In all these cases the existence of the bruits coincides with a more than ordinary fulness of the pulse: when this ceases, the bruits become invariably less and less manifest. [Translated from the Archives Generales de Medecine.]
- 1879 October, “The Seat of the So-called Anæmic Bruit of the Cardiac Base”, in I[saac] Minis Hays, editor, The American Journal of the Medical Sciences, volume LXXVIII (New Series), number CLVI, Philadelphia, Pa.: Henry C[harles] Lea, ISSN 0002-9629, OCLC 192112627, page 565:
- The bruit in the pulmonary artery is always accompanied by the jugular bruit. In cases where the mitral valve is affected, we are sure to meet with two other bruits: one of which is in the pulmonary artery, and the other in the jugular veins. [Summarized from the London Medical Record, 15 June 1879.]
- 1953, William Likoff; John H. Davie, “The Normal Heart”, in Franklin C[arl] Massey, editor, Clinical Cardiology, Baltimore, Md.: The Williams & Wilkins Company, OCLC 2904503, page 111:
- The recognition and designation of a murmur as functional is a frontal challenge, for there is no absolute means of proof. The bruit is located most commonly at the pulmonic area, is of faint intensity, and uniform pitch.
- 2013, Barbara Aehlert, “Atrial Rhythms”, in ECGs Made Easy, 5th edition, St. Louis, Mo.: Elsevier Mosby, →ISBN, page 117, column 1:
- Check for carotid bruits by listening to each carotid artery with a stethoscope. A bruit is a blowing or rushing sound that is created by the turbulence within the vessel. If a bruit is heard, do not perform this procedure.
- ^ “bruit, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
- “bruit, n.”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2016; “bruit, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
- ^ “bruit, v.”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2016; “bruit, v.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
From Old French bruit, used as a noun of the past participle form of bruire (“to roar”), from a Proto-Romance alteration (by association with braire (“to bray; to cry out, shout out”)) of Latin rugītus (“brayed; bellowed, roared; rumbled”) (compare Vulgar Latin *brugitus, from Latin *brūgere). Compare also Spanish ruido, Portuguese ruído, and French rut.
bruit m (plural bruits)
- → English: bruit
- “bruit” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
From the past participle of bruire (“to roar”), or from Vulgar Latin *brūgitus, from Latin *brūgere, an alteration of Latin rugītus (“brayed; bellowed, roared; rumbled”), from rugīre, the present active infinitive of rugiō (“to bray; to bellow, roar; to rumble”), possibly from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rewg- (“to belch; to roar”).