From ab- + normal. First attested in 1835, replacing the earlier anormal and even earlier abnormous, from Latin abnormis (“departing from normal”), from either (ab- (“away from”) + norma (“rule, norm”)), or Ancient Greek ἀνώμαλος (anṓmalos).
- Not conforming to rule or system; deviating from the usual or normal type. [First attested around the mid 19th century.]
- 1899, Arthur Conan Doyle, chapter 6, in A Duet:
- And then after an abnormal meal, which was either a very late breakfast or a very early lunch, they drove on to Victoria Station.
- Of or pertaining to that which is irregular, in particular, behaviour that deviates from norms of social propriety or accepted standards of mental health. [First attested around the early 20th century.]
- 1904, Jack London, chapter 23, in The Sea Wolf:
- Furuseth was right; I was abnormal, an "emotionless monster," a strange bookish creature, capable of pleasuring in sensations only of the mind.
- 1936, Rollo Ahmed, The Black Art, London: Long, page 161:
- Many of the so-called rites of these secret societies were so patently ridiculous, that it is quite obvious that they were merely an excuse for men and women to indulge in sex-play and lustful gratification, frequently of an abnormal kind.
- (not conforming to rule or system; deviating from type): aberrant, anomalous, atypical, exceptional, extraordinary, irregular, preternatural, strange, unusual.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
abnormal (plural abnormals)
- A person or object that is not normal.
- ^ Elliott K. Dobbie, C. William Dunmore, Robert K. Barnhart, et al. (editors), Chambers Dictionary of Etymology (Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 2004 , →ISBN), page 3
- ^ Morris, William, editor (1969) The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, New York, NY: American Heritage Publishing Co., Inc., published 1971, →ISBN, page 3
- ^ “abnormal” in Christine A. Lindberg, editor, The Oxford College Dictionary, 2nd edition, New York, N.Y.: Spark Publishing, 2002, →ISBN, page 3.
- “abnormal” in Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 2002, →ISBN, page 6.
- Hyphenation: ab‧nor‧mal
- abnormal; deviating from the usual or normal type
- retarded; having mental retardation; mentally deficient
- stupid; lacking in intelligence
- a retard
- a stupid person
For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:abnormal.
|number & gender||singular||plural|
|predicative||er ist abnormal||sie ist abnormal||es ist abnormal||sie sind abnormal|
(with definite article)
|nominative||der abnormale||die abnormale||das abnormale||die abnormalen|
|genitive||des abnormalen||der abnormalen||des abnormalen||der abnormalen|
|dative||dem abnormalen||der abnormalen||dem abnormalen||den abnormalen|
|accusative||den abnormalen||die abnormale||das abnormale||die abnormalen|
(with indefinite article)
|nominative||ein abnormaler||eine abnormale||ein abnormales||(keine) abnormalen|
|genitive||eines abnormalen||einer abnormalen||eines abnormalen||(keiner) abnormalen|
|dative||einem abnormalen||einer abnormalen||einem abnormalen||(keinen) abnormalen|
|accusative||einen abnormalen||eine abnormale||ein abnormales||(keine) abnormalen|
- abnormal in Duden online