calorie

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French calorie, formed from Latin calor.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkæləɹi/
  • (file)

NounEdit

 
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calorie (plural calories)

  1. (nutrition) Kilogram calorie or large calorie. A unit of energy 1000 times larger than the gram calorie. It is equivalent to the gram kilocalorie, approximately 4.2 kilojoules.
    • 2013 June 29, “A punch in the gut”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, page 72-3:
      Mostly, the microbiome is beneficial. It helps with digestion and enables people to extract a lot more calories from their food than would otherwise be possible. Research over the past few years, however, has implicated it in diseases from atherosclerosis to asthma to autism.
  2. (physics, chemistry, obsolete) The gram calorie or small calorie, a non-SI unit of energy, equivalent to approximately 4.2 joules. This unit was widely used in chemistry and physics, being the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 °C.

Usage notesEdit

  • Most scientific studies are now carried out using the joule (an SI unit).
  • In nutritional contexts the term calorie refers to the kilogram calorie and the term kilocalorie refers to 1000 gram calories. Thus the two terms are equivalent.
  • European legislation now requires foods to be labelled with the term kilocalorie.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French calorie.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /kɑloːˈri/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ca‧lo‧rie
  • Rhymes: -i

NounEdit

calorie f (plural calorieën, diminutive calorietje n)

  1. calorie

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

1845, formed from Latin calor + -ie. Cf. also French chaleur.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

calorie f (plural calories)

  1. calorie

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


ItalianEdit

NounEdit

calorie f

  1. plural of caloria

AnagramsEdit