See also: cifrá, cifră, and ċifra

Asturian

edit

Noun

edit

cifra f (plural cifres)

  1. number, figure

Czech

edit

Etymology

edit

Inherited from Old Czech cifra, borrowed from German Ziffer, from Medieval Latin cifra (numeral; zero symbol), from Arabic صِفْر (ṣifr, zero).

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): [ˈt͡sɪfra]
  • Audio:(file)

Noun

edit

cifra f

  1. digit
    Synonym: číslice

Declension

edit

Derived terms

edit
edit

Further reading

edit
  • cifra in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • cifra in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • cifra in Internetová jazyková příručka

Hungarian

edit

Etymology

edit

Borrowed from Medieval Latin cifra (zero, numeral), from Arabic صِفْر (ṣifr, zero, empty, nothing).[1][2]

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): [ˈt͡sifrɒ]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Hyphenation: cif‧ra
  • Rhymes: -rɒ

Adjective

edit

cifra (comparative cifrább, superlative legcifrább)

  1. ornamented, gaudy
  2. (figurative, colloquial) indecent, vulgar, dirty

Declension

edit
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative cifra cifrák
accusative cifrát cifrákat
dative cifrának cifráknak
instrumental cifrával cifrákkal
causal-final cifráért cifrákért
translative cifrává cifrákká
terminative cifráig cifrákig
essive-formal cifraként cifrákként
essive-modal
inessive cifrában cifrákban
superessive cifrán cifrákon
adessive cifránál cifráknál
illative cifrába cifrákba
sublative cifrára cifrákra
allative cifrához cifrákhoz
elative cifrából cifrákból
delative cifráról cifrákról
ablative cifrától cifráktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
cifráé cifráké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
cifráéi cifrákéi

Derived terms

edit
Expressions

References

edit
  1. ^ cifra in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)
  2. ^ cifra in Tótfalusi, István. Magyar etimológiai nagyszótár (’Hungarian Comprehensive Dictionary of Etymology’). Budapest: Arcanum Adatbázis, 2001; Arcanum DVD Könyvtár →ISBN

Further reading

edit
  • cifra in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • cifra in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (‘A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2024)

Italian

edit

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /ˈt͡ʃi.fra/
  • Rhymes: -ifra
  • Hyphenation: cì‧fra

Etymology 1

edit

Borrowed from Medieval Latin cifra (zero, numeral), from Arabic صِفْر (ṣifr, zero, empty, nothing). Doublet of zero.

Noun

edit

cifra f (plural cifre)

  1. figure, numeral
  2. sum
  3. code, cipher
  4. (in the plural) initials, monogram

Etymology 2

edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

edit

cifra

  1. inflection of cifrare:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Anagrams

edit

Latin

edit

Alternative forms

edit

Etymology

edit

Borrowed from Arabic صِفْر (ṣifr, zero, empty, nothing).

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

cifra f (genitive cifrae); first declension (Medieval Latin)

  1. numeral, cipher
  2. zero (symbol)
    • c. 1230, Johannes de Sacrobosco, “De Arte Numerandi”, in Rara Mathematica[1], published 1841, page 3:
      Decima figura dicitur theta, vel circulus, vel cifra, vel figura nihili quia nihil significat, sed locum tenens dat aliis significare: nam sine cifra vel cifris purus non potest scribi articulus.
      The tenth symbol is called theta, or circle, or zero, or the null symbol, which indicates none, but, holding a place, gives a different meaning: for without a zero or zeroes, it is not possible to write the pure single word.

Declension

edit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cifra cifrae
Genitive cifrae cifrārum
Dative cifrae cifrīs
Accusative cifram cifrās
Ablative cifrā cifrīs
Vocative cifra cifrae

Descendants

edit
  • English: cipher
  • French: chiffre
  • Friulian: cifre
  • Hungarian: cifra
  • Italian: cifra
  • Piedmontese: cifra

References

edit
  • cifra in Ramminger, Johann (2016 July 16 (last accessed)) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

Portuguese

edit

Pronunciation

edit

  • Hyphenation: ci‧fra

Etymology 1

edit
 
Acordes marcados com cifras (4).

Borrowed from Medieval Latin cifra (zero, numeral), from Arabic صِفْر (ṣifr, zero, empty, nothing). Doublet of zero.

Noun

edit

cifra f (plural cifras)

  1. number
  2. amount, figure
  3. code, cipher
  4. (music) number or letter that represents a chord
Derived terms
edit

Etymology 2

edit

Verb

edit

cifra

  1. inflection of cifrar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further reading

edit

Romanian

edit

Etymology

edit

Borrowed from French chiffrer.

Verb

edit

a cifra (third-person singular present cifrează, past participle cifrat) 1st conj.

  1. to quantify
  2. to cypher

Conjugation

edit

Serbo-Croatian

edit

Etymology

edit

From Arabic صِفْر (ṣifr, empty) and, subsequently "zero"; cifra is the Latin form which came to Europe via Andalusian Arabic in late 14th century.

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /t͡sîfra/
  • Hyphenation: cif‧ra

Noun

edit

cȉfra f (Cyrillic spelling ци̏фра)

  1. digit
  2. figure
  3. number, numeral

Declension

edit

Spanish

edit

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): (Spain) /ˈθifɾa/ [ˈθi.fɾa]
  • IPA(key): (Latin America) /ˈsifɾa/ [ˈsi.fɾa]
  • Rhymes: -ifɾa
  • Syllabification: ci‧fra

Etymology 1

edit

Borrowed from Arabic صِفْر (ṣifr, empty) and, subsequently 'zero'; cifra is the Latin form which came to Europe via Andalusian Arabic in late 14th century. Cognate with English cipher.

Noun

edit

cifra f (plural cifras)

  1. digit
  2. number
  3. amount
  4. cipher; code
Derived terms
edit

Etymology 2

edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

edit

cifra

  1. inflection of cifrar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further reading

edit