From Middle English code, cudde, coude, quede, quide, from Old English cudu, cwidu, from Proto-West Germanic *kwidu, from Proto-Germanic *kweduz (“resin”).
Cognate with German Kitt and Sanskrit जतु (jatu, “lac, gum”).
cud (countable and uncountable, plural cuds)
- The portion of food which is brought back into the mouth by ruminating animals from their first stomach, to be chewed a second time.
food chewed for a second time by ruminants
cud (third-person singular simple present cuds, present participle cudding, simple past and past participle cudded)
- (transitive) To bring back into the mouth and chew a second time.
- 1942, Emily Carr, “Singing”, in The Book of Small:
- Here were two ladies nearly fifty years old, throwing back their heads to sing love songs, nursery songs, hymns, God Save the Queen, Rule Britannia—songs that spilled over the drawing-room as easily as Small's cow songs spilled over the yard, only Small's songs were new, fresh grass snatched as the cow snatched pasture grass. The ladies’ songs were rechews—cudded fodder.
- 1952, Doris Lessing, Martha Quest, HarperCollins, published 2009, Part One, Chapter Two:
- […] although the wagon wheels perpetually flung up rivers of red sand, and she travelled in a column of whirling ruddy dust, the sweet perfumes of newly cudded grass mingled with it, mile after mile, as if the four-divided stomachs of the great oxen were filled with nothing but concentrated memories of hours of grazing along the water heavy vleis.
Shortened form of could.
- (nonstandard, informal) Alternative form of could
Inherited from Old Polish czud, Old Polish czudo, from Proto-Slavic *čudo. First attested in the 16th century.
Cognates include Ancient Greek κῦδος (kûdos, “glory”). The current form is a result of mazuration.
cud m inan
Declension of cud
- → Belarusian: цуд (cud)
- cud in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
- cud in Polish dictionaries at PWN
- Wanda Decyk-Zięba, editor (2018-2022), “cud(o)”, in Dydaktyczny Słownik Etymologiczno-historyczny Języka Polskiego [A Didactic, Historical, Etymological Dictionary of the Polish Language] (in Polish)
cud f pl
Borrowed from Middle English kyte.
cud m (plural cudiaid)
- kite (bird)
|Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.|
- R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “cud”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies