See also: diæresis and diaëresis

English edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Late Latin diaeresis, from Ancient Greek διαίρεσις (diaíresis, division, split), from διά (diá, apart) + αἱρέω (hairéō, I take).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

diaeresis (plural diaereses)

  1. (orthography) A diacritic (◌̈) placed over a vowel letter (especially the second of two consecutive ones) indicating that it is sounded separately, usually forming a distinct syllable, as in the English words naïve, Noël and Brontë, the French haïr and the Dutch ruïne.
    Synonym: trema
    Coordinate term: umlaut
  2. (linguistics, prosody) Distraction; the separation of a vowel, often a diphthong, into two distinct syllables.
  3. (prosody) A natural break in rhythm when a word ends at the end of a metrical foot, in a line of verse.
  4. (linguistics, prosody) Hiatus; the occurrence of separate vowel sounds in adjacent syllables without an intervening consonant.

Usage notes edit

  • The umlaut is an often visually identical diacritic which alters the sound of a single vowel (as in German schön). Properly speaking, the terms diaeresis and umlaut are not interchangeable, though speakers frequently use the term umlaut to refer to a diaeresis.

Translations edit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Etymology edit

From the Ancient Greek δῐαίρεσῐς (diaíresis).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

diaeresis f (genitive diaeresis or diaereseōs or diaeresios); third declension

  1. (grammar) diaeresis (division of a diphthong into two vowels in consecutive syllables)
    • AD 98–138, Velius Longus (aut.), T.H.G. Keil (ed.), Liber de orthographia in Grammatici Latini VII (1880), p. 57, ll. 21–28:
      sed et quidam in hac quoque scriptione voluerunt esse differentiam, ut pluralis quidem numeri nominativus casus per a et e scriberetur, genetivus vero singularis per a et i, hoc quoque argumentantes, quod diaeresis, sive dialysis illa dicetur, a nominativo plurali non fit, sed ex singulari obliquo, cum dicitur  ‘ a u l a i   i n   m e d i o ’  et //  d i v e s   e q u u m ,   d i v e s   p i c t a i   v e s t i s   e t   a u r i ,  // item rei nostrai, faciendai, magnai.
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
    • circa AD 384, Ser. Honoratus (aut.), G. Thilo & H. Hagen (eds.), In Vergilii Aeneidos commentarii in Servii Grammatici qui feruntur in Vergilii carmina commentarii II (1884), bk vii, l. 464 (p. 160, ll. 1–9):
      Fvrit intvs aqvai fvmidvs id est aquae amnis: nec inmerito; nam potest esse et alterius rei amnis, “ut fluvios videt ille cruoris”. Hanc autem diaeresin Tucca et Varius fecerunt: nam Vergilius sic reliquerat “furit intus aquae amnis” et “exuberat amnis”: quod satis asperum fuit. Notandum quod in toto Vergilio non reperiuntur nisi quattuor diaereses, hoc loco, et in tertio ⟨354⟩, ut “aulai medio libabant pocula Bacchi”, et in VI. ⟨747⟩ ut “aurai simplicis ignem”, et in IX. ⟨26⟩ “dives pictai vestis et auri”.
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
  2. (rhetoric) distribution
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Julius Valerius Alexander Polemius to this entry?)
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Tyrannius Rufinus to this entry?)

Declension edit

Third-declension noun (Greek-type, i-stem, i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative diaeresis diaeresēs
Genitive diaeresis
Dative diaeresī diaeresibus
Accusative diaeresim
Ablative diaeresī
Vocative diaeresis

1Found sometimes in Medieval and New Latin.

Synonyms edit

Antonyms edit

  • (antonym(s) of grammar: diaeresis): synaeresis

References edit