dromedary

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

 
A dromedary (Camelus dromedarius)

From Middle English dromedari, dromedarie (dromedary; any camel) [and other forms],[1] from Old French dromedaire, from Late Latin dromedārius (kind of camel), from Latin *dromadārius, from dromas, dromadis (dromedary) + -ārius (suffix forming nouns denoting agents of use). Dromas and dromadis are derived from Ancient Greek δρομᾰ́ς (dromás, running; dromedary), an ellipsis of δρομὰς κάμηλος (dromàs kámēlos, running camel) (also compare δρομάδα (dromáda, runner; dromedary)),[2] from δρόμος (drómos, race, running; race course, track), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *drem- (to run).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

dromedary (plural dromedaries)

  1. The single-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius).
    Synonyms: Arabian camel, dromedarian, dromedary camel, Somali camel
    • 1694, [Thomas] d’Urfey, The Comical History of Don Quixote. [], part I, London: Printed for Samuel Briscoe, [], OCLC 606102933, Act I, scene ii, page 6:
      Oh, thou Dromedary, thou Founder'd Mule, without a Pack-ſaddle; or what other foul Beaſt ſhall I call thee, for Man thou art not, nor haſt not been to me, Heaven knows the time when? Art not thou aſham'd to ſee me, thou Nincompoop?
  2. Any swift riding camel.

Usage notesEdit

The dromedary was formerly known by a number of different binomial names:

  • Camelus aegyptiacus Friedrich August Rudolph Kolenati, 1847
  • Camelus africanus Gloger, 1841
  • Camelus arabicus Charles Desmoulins, 1823
  • Camelus dromas Peter Simon Pallas, 1811
  • Camelus dromos Kerr, 1792
  • Camelus ferus Falk,1786
  • Camelus lukius Kolenati, 1847
  • Camelus polytrichus Kolenati, 1847
  • Camelus turcomanichus Johann Fischer von Waldheim, 1829
  • Camelus vulgaris Kolenati, 1847

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