English edit

Etymology 1 edit

German Dur, from Latin dūrus (hard, firm, vigorous).

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

dur (not comparable)

  1. (music, obsolete) Major; in the major mode.
    C dur

See also edit

Further reading edit

Etymology 2 edit

Interjection edit

dur

  1. Alternative form of duh (indicating stupidity etc.)
    • 2015, Liberty Kratz-Gullickson, Write Like a Girl, page 29:
      "Well, dur. I'm not that stupid, I knew that."

Etymology 3 edit

Noun edit

dur (plural dur or durs)

  1. (Belize, slang) A marijuana dealer.
    • 2023 June 13, Jules Vasquez, “Who Put Marybeth's Fraudulent Approval on Chester's Desk?”, in 7 News Belize[2]:
      He began to tell me that Marybeth is accused or it is alleged she is one of the dur in Crooked Tree.

Anagrams edit

Azerbaijani edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Classical Persian دور (dūr).

Adjective edit

Other scripts
Cyrillic дур
Abjad دور

dur (comparative daha dur, superlative ən dur)

  1. (Classical Azerbaijani) far

Further reading edit

  • dur” in Obastan.com.

Catalan edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Latin dūrus.

Adjective edit

dur (feminine dura, masculine plural durs, feminine plural dures)

  1. hard (resistant to pressure)
    Antonym: tou
  2. difficult
    Synonym: difícil
    Antonym: fàcil
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Inherited from Latin dūcere, from Proto-Italic *doukō, from Proto-Indo-European *déwketi, from the root *dewk-.

Verb edit

dur (first-person singular present duc, first-person singular preterite duguí, past participle dut)

  1. (transitive) to carry
    Synonym: portar
  2. (transitive) to bring
    Synonym: portar
Conjugation edit

In Balearic, the second person singular form for the present indicative is duis.

Derived terms edit
Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Czech edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from German Dur.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈdur]
  • Hyphenation: dur

Noun edit

dur n (indeclinable)

  1. (music) major

Dalmatian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Latin dāre, present active infinitive of .

Verb edit

dur (first-person singular present da, past participle dut)

  1. to give

Danish edit

Etymology edit

From German Dur, from Latin durus (hard).

Noun edit

dur

  1. (music) major

Antonyms edit

French edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old French, from Latin dūrus, from Proto-Indo-European *deru-, *drew- (hard, fast).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /dyʁ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -yʁ

Adjective edit

dur (feminine dure, masculine plural durs, feminine plural dures)

  1. hard, tough (difficult to penetrate)
  2. hard (not soft)
  3. hard, tough (not easy, difficult)
  4. harsh (e.g. harsh conditions)
  5. (art) harsh (of a penstroke)

Derived terms edit

Adverb edit

dur

  1. hard
    travailler durto work hard

Noun edit

dur m (plural durs)

  1. firmness, solidity

Noun edit

dur m (plural durs, feminine dure)

  1. hard case (tough person)

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Interlingua edit

Adjective edit

dur (comparative plus dur, superlative le plus dur)

  1. hard, not soft [1]

References edit

  1. ^ Sexton, B. C. (2019) English-Interlingua: A Basic Vocabulary[1], Union Mundial pro Interlingua, →ISBN, retrieved 2020-11-20

Kalasha edit

Etymology edit

From Sanskrit द्वार (dvāra), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *dʰwer- (door).

Noun edit

dur (Arabic دوُر)

  1. house
    Synonyms: abádi, khatumán, ku, kuš
  2. door

Latvian edit

Verb edit

dur

  1. inflection of durt:
    1. second/third-person singular present indicative
    2. third-person plural present indicative
    3. second-person singular imperative
  2. (with the particle lai) third-person singular imperative of durt
  3. (with the particle lai) third-person plural imperative of durt

Lombard edit

Alternative forms edit

  • dür (Modern orthography)

Etymology edit

From Latin dūrus, from Proto-Italic *dūros, from Proto-Indo-European *duh₂-ró-s (long), from *dweh₂- (far, long). Cognate with Ancient Greek δηρός (dērós, long), Sanskrit दूर (dūrá, distant, far, long).

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

dur m (feminine singular dura, masculine and feminine plural dur) (Classical Milanese orthography)

  1. hard
  2. tough, harsh
  3. stringy (of food)

References edit

  • Francesco Cherubini, Vocabolario milanese-italiano, Volume 2, 1843, p. 58

Occitan edit

Etymology edit

From Latin dūrus, from Proto-Indo-European *deru-, *drew- (hard, fast). Attested from the 12th century.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

dur m (feminine singular dura, masculine plural durs, feminine plural duras)

  1. hard (resistant to pressure)
  2. difficult

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Diccionari General de la Lenga Occitana, L’Academia occitana – Consistòri del Gai Saber, 2008-2024, page 211.

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *durь.

Noun edit

dur m inan

  1. typhus (any of several similar diseases, characterized by high recurrent fever, caused by Rickettsia bacteria)
    Synonym: tyfus
    dur brzusznytyphoid fever
    dur plamistyepidemic typhus
    dur powrotnyrelapsing fever
    dur rzekomyparatyphoid fever
  2. (literary) daze, stupor, befuddlement (state of confusion caused by some strong stimulus, such as love)
    Synonym: zamroczenie
Declension edit
Related terms edit
adjective
noun
verb

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from German Dur.

Noun edit

dur m inan (indeclinable, related adjective durowy)

  1. (music) major (scale)
    Synonym: major
    Antonyms: minor, moll

Adjective edit

dur (not comparable, no derived adverb)

  1. (music) major (scale)
    Synonyms: durowy, major, majorowy
    Antonyms: minor, minorowy, moll, mollowy

Further reading edit

  • dur I in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • dur II in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • dur in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romani edit

Etymology edit

From Sanskrit दूर (dūrá), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *duHrás, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *duHrás, from Proto-Indo-European *duh₂-ró-s, from *dweh₂- (far, long). Cognate with Hindi दूर (dūr), Kamkata-viri bādūř, Persian دور (dur).

Adverb edit

dur

  1. far

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French dur, Latin dūrus.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

dur m or n (feminine singular dură, masculine plural duri, feminine and neuter plural dure)

  1. hard, tough
    Synonym: tare
  2. rough, harsh, severe
    Synonyms: aspru, sever

Declension edit

Related terms edit

Slovak edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

dur m inan (genitive singular duru, nominative plural dury, genitive plural durov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. (music) major scale

Declension edit

References edit

  • dur”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Sursurunga edit

Adjective edit

dur

  1. dirty

Further reading edit

  • Sursurunga Organised Phonology Data (2011)
  • Don Hutchisson, Sursurunga grammar essentials (1975)

Swedish edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

dur c

  1. (music) major scale

Related terms edit

References edit

Turkish edit

 
Turkish stop sign

Verb edit

dur

  1. second-person singular imperative of durmak

Welsh edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Welsh dur, from Proto-Brythonic *dʉr, from Latin dūrus (hard).[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

dur m (uncountable)

  1. steel

Adjective edit

dur (feminine singular dur, plural dur, not comparable)

  1. (made of) steel
  2. (figurative) steely, hard, cruel

Mutation edit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
dur ddur nur unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References edit

  1. ^ R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “dur”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies