English edit

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

dir (plural dirs)

  1. Abbreviation of direction.
  2. (computing) Abbreviation of directory.
  3. Abbreviation of director.

Adjective edit

dir (not comparable)

  1. Abbreviation of direct.

Adverb edit

dir

  1. Abbreviation of directly.

Anagrams edit

Aragonese edit

Etymology edit

From Latin dicere.

Verb edit

dir

  1. to say

Asturian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Latin īre. The forms beginning with /b/ derive from corresponding conjugations of Latin vādere; those beginning with /f/ derive from forms of Latin esse.

Verb edit

dir

  1. to go

Conjugation edit

From http://ast.oslin.org/index.php?action=lemma&lemma=17232.

Bavarian edit

Pronoun edit

dir

  1. Alternative spelling of dia (you, dative)

Breton edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

dir m

  1. steel

Catalan edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Latin dīcere, from Proto-Italic *deikō, from Proto-Indo-European *déyḱti (to show, point out). Compare Occitan dire or díser, French dire, and Spanish decir.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

dir (first-person singular present dic, first-person singular preterite diguí, past participle dit)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) to say, to pronounce
  2. (transitive) to say, to tell
    Va dir una mentida.
    She told a lie.
    El dèiem que cuinés el sopar.
    We told him to cook dinner.
  3. (transitive) to call, to refer to as
  4. (reflexive) to be named, to be called
    Com et dius?What's your name?

Conjugation edit

Balearic has deis and Valencian has dis as the second-person plural present indicative form. This is similar to French dire having dites as the standard form instead of the expected disez, and contemporary Italian dire having dite as the standard form in place of the expected dicete.

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

German edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Middle High German dir, from Old High German dir, from Proto-West Germanic *þiʀ, from Proto-Germanic *þiz.

Pronunciation edit

  • (standard) IPA(key): /diːɐ̯/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iːɐ̯
  • (colloquially in unstressed position) IPA(key): /dɐ/, /də/

Pronoun edit

dir

  1. (personal) dative of du; you, to you.
  2. (reflexive) dative of du; yourself, to yourself.

Further reading edit

  • dir” in Duden online

Haitian Creole edit

Etymology edit

From French dire (to say).

Verb edit

dir

  1. (Saint-Domingue) to say, to tell
    Mo prié vou tant seulement vou pas dir personne à rien.I just ask that you don't tell anyone a thing.

Descendants edit

  • Haitian Creole: di

References edit

  • S.J Ducoeurjoly, Manuel des habitans de Saint-Domingue, contenant un précis de l'histoire de cette île

Italian edit

Verb edit

dir (apocopated)

  1. Apocopic form of dire

Luxembourgish edit

Alternative forms edit

  • der (unstressed)

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old High German dir.

Pronoun edit

dir

  1. second-person singular, dative: you; thee
    Ech hunn dir e Bréif geschéckt.
    I have sent you a letter.

Etymology 2 edit

From Old High German ir. The d- is through unetymological segmentation of the ending -t of a preceding verb (*stitt ir*stiddirstitt dir). This development was assisted by a parallelism with the 1st person, in which the dative singular mir is also the nominative plural (this latter development occurred for a similar reason, but was earlier and is widespread throughout High German).

Pronoun edit

dir

  1. second-person plural, nominative: you; you all; ye
    Hutt dir gutt geschlof?
    Have you slept well?
Derived terms edit
  • Dir (singular and plural polite form)

Declension edit

Old Occitan edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From a contraction of Latin dīcō, dīcere.

Verb edit

dir

  1. to say

Descendants edit

Pennsylvania German edit

Etymology edit

From Middle High German dir, from Old High German dir, from Proto-West Germanic *þiʀ, from Proto-Germanic *þiz. Compare German dir.

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

dir

  1. dative of du: you, to you

Declension edit

Romansch edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Latin dūrus.

Adjective edit

dir m (feminine singular dira, masculine plural dirs, feminine plural diras)

  1. (Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Rumantsch Grischun) hard
Alternative forms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From a contraction of Latin dīcō, dīcere, from Proto-Italic *deikō, from Proto-Indo-European *deyḱ- (to show, point out). The origin of some forms starting with sch- likely result from regular elisions of unstressed syllables: dīcēbam*dcéβascheva.

Verb edit

dir

  1. to say
Conjugation edit
Alternative forms edit
  • dir (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Puter, Vallader)
  • gir (Sutsilvan)
  • deir (Surmiran)

Etymology 3 edit

Noun edit

dir m (plural dirs)

  1. (anatomy, Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan) liver
Alternative forms edit
Synonyms edit

Somali edit

Verb edit

dir

  1. send

Tolai edit

Pronoun edit

dir

  1. Third-person dual pronoun: they two, them two

Declension edit


Venetian edit

Etymology edit

From a contraction of Latin dīcere (compare Italian dire), present active infinitive of dīcō.

Verb edit

dir

  1. (transitive) to say, tell
  2. (transitive) to affirm

Conjugation edit

  • Venetian conjugation varies from one region to another. Hence, the following conjugation should be considered as typical, not as exhaustive.

Welsh edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

dir

  1. Soft mutation of tir (land).

Mutation edit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
tir dir nhir thir
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.