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LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *gem-, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷem- (to come, to go, to step), in parallel to dzimt (to be born) (q.v.) from the zero grade form *gʷm̥-, of which dzemdēt was originally the causative form.[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

VerbEdit

dzemdēt tr., 2nd conj., pres. dzemdēju, dzemdē, dzemdē, past dzemdēju

  1. to give birth (to expel a fetus from one's womb so that it is born)
    dzemdēt bērnuto give birth to a child
    dzemdēt meitu, dēluto give birth to a daughter, to a son
    pirmo reizi dzemdētto give birth for the first time
    sajust stipras sāpes dzemdējotto feel strong pain (while) giving birth
    tas ir dabiski, ka sieviete dzemdē bērnus un par viņiem rūpējasit is natural that a woman gives birth to children and takes care of them
    divas trīs reizes vasarā zaķu mātīte dzemdē mazuļusa female hare gives birth two (or) three times in summer
  2. (figuratively) to give birth, to generate, to create
    darbs dzemdē ticību sev, saviem spēkiemwork gives birth to confidence in oneself, in one's strength
    bailes dzemdēja ideju: vajadzēja pierādīt, ka laikrakstā minētais fakts ir nepatiessfear gave birth to an idea: it was necessary to show that the fact mentioned in the newspaper is false
    samulsums dzemdēja dziļu, svelmainu kaunu par savu lētticībuconfusion gave birth to deep, scorching shame about his credulity

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “dzimt”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7