dzimt

Contents

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *gim-, from *gʷm̥-, the zero grade form of Proto-Indo-European *gʷem- ‎(to go, to come, to step) (whence also dzemdēt ‎(to give birth), q.v.). The semantic evolution was “to come (into the world)” > “to be born.” Cognates include Lithuanian gim̃ti (present tense form gemù, gìmstu), Old Prussian gemmons ‎(born), gemmans ‎(having given birth), gimsenin ‎(birth[acc.]) (< *gimt), Sudovian gemd ‎(to give birth) (< *gemt). With the original meaning of *gʷem- ‎(to go, to come, to step), also Proto-Germanic *kwemaną ‎(to come) (Gothic 𐌵𐌹𐌼𐌰𐌽 ‎(qiman), German kommen, English come), Sanskrit गमती ‎(gámati), गच्छति ‎(gácchati, to go), Ancient Greek βαίνω ‎(baínō, to go, to move) (< *bán-yō < *bám-yō, where *b < *gʷ), Latin veniō ‎(to come) (< *gʷm̥-yō), Tocharian A käm-, kum-, Tocharian B käm-, kam-.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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VerbEdit

dzimt intr., 1st conj., pres. dzimstu, dzimsti, dzimst, past dzimu

  1. to be born (to separate physically from the body of one's mother during birth)
    dzimst bērni — children are born
    zēns dzimis Rīgā — the boy was born in Riga
    viņš dzimis 1963. gadā — he was born in 1963
    dzīvniekiem dzimst mazuļi — baby (animals) are born to animals (= animals have babies)
    paskaties visapkārt: kad Auruciemā dzimst bērni? rudeņos... visas manas četras meitas pasaulē nākušas rudenī — look around: when are children born in Auruciems? in autumn... all my four daughters came to the world (= were born) in autumn
  2. (of natural or social phenomena) to be born (to begin, to take form, shape)
    diena dzima kā apskaidrota — the day was born enlightened (= bright)
    Mūsa un Mēmele te saplūst kopā - un dzimst jauna upe — the Mūsa and the Mēmele (river) converge - and a new river is born
    dzimst ne tikai cilvēki; dzimst arī zvaigznes un zvaigžņu pasaules — not only people are born: also stars and star worlds (= planets) are born
    februāra revolūcija dzima pasaules imperiālistiskā kara laikā — the February revolution was born during the imperialistic world war
  3. (of objects, also thoughts, ideas) to be born (to be made, to take form, shape)
    upju krastos spēkstacijas dzimst — power plants are born on the banks of rivers
    viņa smadzenēs dzimst grandiozi nodomi, kas kalpo taisnībai, gaismai, laimei — in his brain are born grandiose intentions to serve justice, light, happiness
    cilvēka smadzenes sastāv no 14 miljardiem šūnu; kā tajās dzimst idejas, tēli, vārdi? — the human brain consists of 14 billion cells; how are ideas, images, words born in them?

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “dzimt”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7
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