EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English erve, erfe, from Old English yrfe, ierfe (heritage, bequest, inheritance, property, inherited property, property that passes to an heir, cattle, livestock), from Proto-Germanic *arbiją (heritage), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃erbʰ- (to change ownership) (whence also *h₃órbʰos (orphan)). Cognate with Dutch erf (inheritance, patrimony, ground, courtyard), German Erbe (heritage, legacy, inheritance), Danish arv (heritage, inheritance), Swedish arv (heritage, inheritance), Gothic 𐌰𐍂𐌱𐌹 (arbi, inheritance), Latin orbus (orphan), Ancient Greek ὀρφανός (orphanós, orphan), Old English ierfa (heir). Related to orf.

NounEdit

erf (plural erfs)

  1. (Northern England, Scotland, rare) Inheritance; patrimony.
    Son, you will have this farm to erf.
  2. (by extension) Stock; cattle.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from obsolete Dutch erf (hereditament, plot of land). Doublet of erf above.

NounEdit

erf (plural erfs or erven)

  1. (US regional, Cape Colony, New York, South Africa) A small inherited house-and-garden lot in a village or settlement.

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

erf

  1. (mathematics) Abbreviation of error function.

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɛrf/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: erf
  • Rhymes: -ɛrf

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch erve, from Old Dutch ervi, from Proto-Germanic *arbiją.

NounEdit

erf n (plural erven, diminutive erfje n)

  1. yard (open area adjoining and belonging to a house)
  2. (figuratively) heritage, patrimony
  3. (obsolete, law) hereditament, especially a plot of land
    Antonym: kateel
  4. (obsolete) inheritance
    Synonyms: erfenis, erfdeel
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Afrikaans: erf
  • English: erf

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

VerbEdit

erf

  1. first-person singular present indicative of erven
  2. imperative of erven

Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

erf

  1. Alternative form of erve