Contents

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English erfe, erve, from Old English yrfe, ierfe(heritage, bequest, inheritance, property, inherited property, property that passes to an heir, cattle, livestock), from Proto-Germanic *arbiją(heritage), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃erbʰ-(to change ownership) (from which also *h₃órbʰos(orphan)). Cognate with Dutch erf(inheritance, patrimony, ground, courtyard), German Erbe(heritage, legacy, inheritance), Danish arv(heritage, inheritance), Swedish arv(heritage, inheritance), Gothic 𐌰𐍂𐌱𐌹(arbi, inheritance), Latin orbus(orphan), Ancient Greek ὀρφανός(orphanós, orphan), Old English ierfa(heir). Related to orf.

NounEdit

erf ‎(plural erfs)

  1. (Northern England, Scotland, rare) Inheritance; patrimony.
    Son, you will have this farm to erf.
  2. (by extension) Stock; cattle.
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Dutch erf(patrimony, ground), related to English erf above.

NounEdit

erf ‎(plural erfs or erven)

  1. (US regional, Cape Colony, New York) A small inherited house-and-garden lot in a village or settlement.

Etymology 3Edit

Abbreviation.

NounEdit

erf

  1. (mathematics) error function

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

erf n ‎(plural erven, diminutive erfje n)

  1. yard

VerbEdit

erf

  1. first-person singular present indicative of erven
  2. imperative of erven