See also: expiré

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Middle French expirer, from Latin exspīrō, exspīrāre, from ex- (out) + spīrō, spīrāre (breathe, be alive)

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɪkˈspaɪə(ɹ)/, /ɛkˈspaɪə(ɹ)/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪə(ɹ)
  • Hyphenation: ex‧pire

VerbEdit

expire (third-person singular simple present expires, present participle expiring, simple past and past participle expired)

  1. (intransitive) To die.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:die
    The patient expired in hospital.
    • 1748, [Samuel Richardson], “Letter CXIII”, in Clarissa. Or, The History of a Young Lady: [], volume VII, London: [] S[amuel] Richardson; [], OCLC 13631815, page 415:
      And then, his head ſinking on his pillow, he expired; at about half an hour after ten.
    • 1833, R. J. Bertin, Charles W. Chauncy, transl., Treatise on the Diseases of the Heart, and Great Vessels, Philadelphia: Carey, Lea & Blnachard, page 185:
      Soon the patient had no longer sufficient strength to sit up; the trunk of the body was inclined to the right side, the head high and thrown backward, the mouth wide open: she seemed to stifle rather than respire: lastly, speech and respiration failed her; she uttered, however, in a feeble voice, some incoherent words, said she felt she was dying, and, accordingly, expired the sixth day after entrance.
  2. (intransitive) To lapse and become invalid.
    My library card will expire next week.
  3. (intransitive) To come to an end; to conclude.
  4. (transitive, intransitive) To exhale; to breathe out.
    Antonym: inspire
    • 1672 Gideon Harvey, Morbus Anglicus, Or, The Anatomy of Consumptions
      Anatomy exhibits the lungs in a continual motion of inspiring and expiring air.
    • 1717, John Dryden, Meleager and Atalanta
      This chafed the boar; his nostrils flames expire.
    • 1843, Loring Dudley Chapin
      Animals expire carbon and plants inspire it; plants expire oxygen and animals inspire it.
  5. (transitive) To give forth insensibly or gently, as a fluid or vapour; to emit in minute particles.
    • 1631, Francis [Bacon], “(please specify |century=I to X)”, in Sylua Syluarum: Or A Naturall Historie. In Ten Centuries. [], 3rd edition, London: [] VVilliam Rawley; [p]rinted by J[ohn] H[aviland] for William Lee [], OCLC 1044372886:
      the expiring of cold out of the inward parts of the earth in winter
  6. (transitive) To bring to a close; to terminate.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • expire” in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

expire

  1. inflection of expirer:
    1. first/third-person singular present indicative/subjunctive
    2. second-person singular imperative

AnagramsEdit


PortugueseEdit

VerbEdit

expire

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of expirar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of expirar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of expirar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of expirar

RomanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

expire

  1. third-person singular/plural present subjunctive of expira

SpanishEdit

VerbEdit

expire

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of expirar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of expirar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of expirar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of expirar.