See also: Fragen

GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German vrāgen, from Old High German frāgēn, frahēn/frāhēn, which is indirectly derived from Proto-Germanic *frēgōną, from Proto-Indo-European *preḱ- (to ask).[1] Cognate with Dutch vragen (to ask). Related to Old English freġnan, friġnan (to ask, inquire, learn).

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)
  • IPA(key): /ˈfʁaːɡən/, [ˈfʁaːɡŋ̩]
  • Rhymes: -aːɡn̩
  • Hyphenation: fra‧gen

VerbEdit

fragen (weak or mixed, third-person singular present fragt or (dialectal or colloquial) frägt, past tense fragte or (dialectal or colloquial) frug, past participle gefragt, past subjunctive fragte or (dialectal or colloquial) früge, auxiliary haben)

  1. to ask (nach for/after)
  2. (reflexive) to wonder (literally, to ask (oneself))
    Ich frage mich, wer mir helfen kann.
    I wonder who can help me.

Usage notesEdit

  • Generally, fragen has always been a weak verb.
  • The strong forms of fragen are secondary and now obsolete in formal writing. They live on in dialects and colloquial varieties.

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kluge, Friedrich (1989) , “Frage, fragen”, in Elmar Seebold, editor, Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [Etymological dictionary of the German language] (in German), 22nd edition, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, →ISBN

Further readingEdit

  • fragen” in Duden online
  • fragen” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache