See also: gälds



 galds on Latvian Wikipedia


From Proto-Baltic *geld-, *gald-, from Proto-Indo-European *geldʰ-, *goldʰ- (to chip, to scratch, to hollow). The semantic evolution was probably: “chipped, carved, hollowed (thing)” → “chip, board cut from a block (of wood)” (a meaning still attested; see below) → “trough, wood container (for eating, feeding)” (note also the meaning of derived term aizgalds (sty, pen)) → “table (for eating).” Cognates include Lithuanian gélda (trough, wooden container), Old Prussian galdo.[1]




galds m (1st declension)

  1. table (piece of furniture consisting of a horizontal surface on legs, to support objectsdishes and food while eating, tools while working, etc.)
    četrstūrains, apaļš, garš galds‎ ― rectangular, round, long table
    pulēts, krāsots galds‎ ― polished, painted table
    riekstkoka galds‎ ― walnut (wood) table
    darba galds‎ ― work table
    virtuves, ēdamistabas galds‎ ― kitchen, dining-room table
    tualetes galds‎ ― dressing table
    izvelkamais galds‎ ― folding table
    galda atvilktne, stūris‎ ― table drawer, corner
    galda lampa, pulkstenis‎ ― table lamp, clock
    galda drāna, galddrāna‎ ― tablecloth
    galda teniss‎ ― table tennis (game)
    mazgāt galdu‎ ― to wash the table
    pārklāt galdu‎ ― to cover the table
    sasēsties ap galdu‎ ― to sit at the table
    operācijas galds‎ ― operation table (where surgery is performed)
  2. (by metonymy) table (a table drawer or small cabinet)
    ielikt rakstāmpiederumus galdā‎ ― to put the stationary (lit. writing things) in the table (= drawer)
    izņemt grāmatu no galda‎ ― to take a book from the table (= drawer)
    noglabāt dokumentus galdā‎ ― to keep documents in the talbe (= drawer)
    aizslēgt, atvērt galdu‎ ― to lock, to open the table (= drawer)
    sameklēt galdā papīru‎ ― to look for paper in the table (= drawer)
  3. table, buffet (the food and drinks placed on the table; said food and drinks together with the table)
    lūgt pie galda‎ ― to invite to the table (= to eat)
    bagātīgs dzīru galds‎ ― rich banquet table
    viesību galds‎ ― party table
    lepns kāzu galds‎ ― proud (= exquisite) wedding table
    pilns galds‎ ― full table (i.e., with a lot of food, drinks)
    tukšs galds‎ ― empty table (i.e., with little or no food, drinks)
  4. table (type of food)
    siltais, aukstais galds‎ ― warm, coold table (with warm, cold food)
    kafijas galds‎ ― coffee table (with coffee, cookies, etc.)
  5. table (a meal, the food consumed during a meal)
    pusdienu galds‎ ― lunch table
    galda runa‎ ― table speech (speech made during a meal)
  6. table (group of people sitting at the same table and eating together)
    kalpu galds‎ ― servants' table
    saimnieku galds‎ ― masters' table
  7. board especially treated to make a certain specific object
    mucas galdi‎ ― barrel boards (= for making barrels)
    laivas galdi‎ ― ship boards (= for making ships)
    gultas galdi‎ ― bed boards (= for making beds)
  8. board, table (horizontal surface or platform for some device or machine)
    kuļmašīnas galds‎ ― threshing machine table


Derived termsEdit


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “galds”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7