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EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French specifique, from Late Latin specificus (specific, particular), from Latin speciēs (kind) + faciō (make).

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /spəˈsɪf.ɪk/, /spɪˈsɪf.ɪk/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: spe‧cif‧ic
  • Rhymes: -ɪfɪk

AdjectiveEdit

specific (comparative more specific, superlative most specific)

  1. explicit or definite
  2. (sciences) Pertaining to a species.
    • 2008, Richard Dawkins, The Oxford Book of Modern Science Writing, Oxford 2009, p. 3:
      Science and literature, then, are the two achievements of Homo sapiens that most convincingly justify the specific name.
  3. (taxonomy) pertaining to a taxon at the rank of species
  4. special, distinctive or unique
  5. intended for, or applying to a particular thing
  6. being a remedy for a particular disease
    Quinine is a specific medicine in cases of malaria.
    • Coleridge
      In fact, all medicines will be found specific in the perfection of the science.
  7. (immunology) limited to a particular antibody or antigen
  8. (physics) of a value divided by mass (e.g. specific orbital energy)
  9. (physics) similarly referring to a value divided by any measure which acts to standardize it (e.g. thrust specific fuel consumption, referring to fuel consumption divided by thrust)
  10. (physics) a measure compared with a standard reference value by division, to produce a ratio without unit or dimension (e.g. specific refractive index is a pure number, and is relative to that of air)

AntonymsEdit

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HyponymsEdit

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Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

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See alsoEdit

NounEdit

specific (plural specifics)

  1. A distinguishing attribute or quality.
  2. A specific remedy.
    • 1968, Charles Portis, True Grit:
      I had no unreasonable fear of bats, […] yet I knew them too for carriers of the dread “Hydrophobia,” for which there was no specific.
  3. Specification
  4. (in the plural) The details; particulars.

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

French spécifique

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

specific m, n (feminine singular specifică, masculine plural specifici, feminine and neuter plural specifice)

  1. specific

DeclensionEdit

AntonymsEdit