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CatalanEdit

VerbEdit

gravis

  1. second-person singular present subjunctive form of gravar

EsperantoEdit

VerbEdit

gravis

  1. past of gravi

FinnishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡrɑːʋis/, [ˈɡrɑːʋis̠]
  • IPA(key): /ˈɡrɑʋis/, [ˈɡrɑʋis̠]
  • Hyphenation: gra‧vis

NounEdit

gravis

  1. grave accent (diacritical mark)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of gravis (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
nominative gravis gravikset
genitive graviksen gravisten
graviksien
partitive gravista graviksia
illative gravikseen graviksiin
singular plural
nominative gravis gravikset
accusative nom. gravis gravikset
gen. graviksen
genitive graviksen gravisten
graviksien
partitive gravista graviksia
inessive graviksessa graviksissa
elative graviksesta graviksista
illative gravikseen graviksiin
adessive graviksella graviksilla
ablative gravikselta graviksilta
allative gravikselle graviksille
essive graviksena graviksina
translative gravikseksi graviksiksi
instructive graviksin
abessive graviksetta graviksitta
comitative graviksineen

FrenchEdit

LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *gʷréh₂us. Cognate with Ancient Greek βαρύς (barús), Gothic 𐌺𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌿𐍃 (kaurus, heavy), Persian گران(gerân) and Sanskrit गुरु (gurú). See also Latin brūtus.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈɡra.wis/, [ˈɡra.wɪs]
  • (file)

AdjectiveEdit

gravis (neuter grave, comparative gravior, superlative gravissimus, adverb graviter); third-declension two-termination adjective

  1. heavy
  2. troublesome, hard
  3. grave, serious

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension two-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative gravis grave gravēs gravia
Genitive gravis gravium
Dative gravī gravibus
Accusative gravem grave gravēs
gravīs
gravia
Ablative gravī gravibus
Vocative gravis grave gravēs gravia

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • gravis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • gravis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • gravis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • healthy climate: caelum salūbre, salubritas caeli (opp. grave, gravitas)
    • to be seriously ill: gravi morbo affectum esse, conflictari, vexari
    • to recruit oneself after a severe illness: e gravi morbo recreari or se colligere
    • elevated, moderate, plain style: genus dicendi grave or grande, medium, tenue (cf. Or. 5. 20; 6. 21)
    • a deep, high, thin, moderate voice: vox gravis, acuta, parva, mediocris
    • a man of character, with a strong personality: vir constans, gravis (opp. homo inconstans, levis)
    • exorbitant rate of interest: fenus iniquissimum, grande, grave
    • an important witness: testis gravis
    • to be (seriously, mortally) wounded: vulnus (grave, mortiferum) accipere, excipere
    • (ambiguous) cogent, decisive reasons: magnae (graves) necessariae causae
    • (ambiguous) men of sound opinions: homines graves (opp. leves)
    • (ambiguous) to be (heavily) punished by some one: poenas (graves) dare alicui