From Middle English grim (“dirt or soot covering the face”), from a specialized note of Old English grīma (“mask”), from Proto-Germanic *grīmô (“mask”).
Possibly influenced by Old Dutch grijmsel, Middle Dutch grime, Middle Low German greme (“dirt”), cf. Danish grimet (“soiled, stripy”), Norwegian Bokmål grimete (“soiled, stripy”), Norwegian Nynorsk grimete (“soiled, stripy”).
- Dirt, grease, soot, etc. that is ingrained and difficult to remove.
- 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 14, in The China Governess:
- Nanny Broome was looking up at the outer wall. Just under the ceiling there were three lunette windows, heavily barred and blacked out in the normal way by centuries of grime.
- Underneath all that soot, dirt and grime is the true beauty of the church in soft shades of sandstone.
- (music) A genre of urban music that emerged in London, England, in the early 2000s, primarily a development of UK garage, dancehall, and hip hop.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
grime (third-person singular simple present grimes, present participle griming, simple past and past participle grimed)
- To begrime; to cake with dirt.
- 1862, Edwin Waugh, Home-Life of the Lancashire Factory Folk during the Cotton Famine:
- All grimed with coaldust, they swing along the street with their dinner baskets and cans in their hands, chattering merrily.
- 1920, Harold Bindloss, Lister's Great Adventure:
- Fog from the river rolled up the street and the windows were grimed by soot, but Cartwright had not turned on the electric light.
- 1918, Harold Bindloss, The Buccaneer Farmer:
- His skin was grimed with dust, for he had ridden hard in scorching heat, and was anxious and impatient to get on.
From Old Norse gríma f, from Proto-Germanic *grimô m (“mask; visor”). Cognates include English grime and grimace.
- IPA(key): /ɡʁim/
- Homophones: griment, grimes
- inflection of grimer:
grime f or m (definite singular grima or grimen, indefinite plural grimer, definite plural grimene)
- a halter
grime (present tense grimer, past tense grima or grimet, past participle grima or grimet)
- (transitive) to halter
From Old Norse gríma f, from Proto-Germanic *grimô m (“mask; visor”). Cognates include English grime and grimace. The verb is derived from the noun.
grime f (definite singular grima, indefinite plural grimer, definite plural grimene)
grime (present tense grimar, past tense grima, past participle grima, passive infinitive grimast, present participle grimande, imperative grime/grim)
- (transitive) to halter
grime m (uncountable)
Of West Flemish origin.
grime (third-person singular simple present grimes, present participle grimein, simple past grimet, past participle grimet)
grime m (plural grimes)
- grime (music genre)
Borrowed from Dutch grim; see the verb grimmen (“to roar, be wrathful”).
grime c (no plural)
- “grime (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011