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ChoctawEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From ha (times) +‎ pi-

PrefixEdit

hapi- (class II first-person plural)

  1. the direct object of an active transitive verb
    us (all)
  2. the subject of a stative intransitive verb
    we (all)
  3. indicates possession of a noun
    our (we all's)

Usage notesEdit

Class II person markers are used for possession only for a small set of words, mostly including kinship terms and body parts.

Etymology 2Edit

From ha (times) +‎ pi- +‎ i-

PrefixEdit

hapi- (before vowels hapim-, class III first-person plural)

  1. the indirect object of an active transitive verb
    to us (all), for us (all)
  2. the subject of an intransitive affective verb
    we (all)
  3. the direct object of a small set of transitive verbs mostly dealing with affect, communication and intimacy
    us (all)
  4. indicates possession of a noun
    our (we all's)

InflectionEdit

person markers class I class II class III class N imperative
+s +C +V +C/i +a/o +C +V +C +V +C +V
first-person singular initial -li sa- si- a- am- ak- n/a
medial -sa- -sam-
paucal ī- il- pi- pi- pim- kī- kil-
plural hapi- hapi- hapim-
second-person singular is- ish- chi- chi- chim- chik-
plural has- hash- hachi- hachi- hachim- hachik- ho- oh-
third-person i- im- ik-