- forms diminutives of nouns and adjectives
Eastern Huasteca NahuatlEdit
- a suffix that makes nouns.
- Alternative spelling of .
-li (v-v?, additive?)
- (intransitive, with stative verbs) [verb] more
- (transitive, with stative verbs) cause to [verb] more
Fusions with three verbs in the following manner:
- angivoq (“be large”) -> allivoq (“become larger”)/allivaa (“make larger, enlarge”)
- mikivoq (“be small”) -> millivoq (“become smaller, shrink”)/millivaa (“make smaller”)
- takivoq (“be long”)-> tallivoq (“become longer”)/tallivaa (“make longer”)
- Vestgrønlandsk grammatik, p. 118-119, F.A.J. Nielsen, 2014
- -ri (Owerri, Umuahia)
- Rhymes: -iː
- Used to form simple past tenses of verbs.
- melili (as in Roger Federer melili Yoshihito Nishioka na US Open.)
- enclitic form of ; appended to present active infinitive verb forms to accusative dative forms when the object is third plural masculine person
The final -e of the original infinitive is removed :
Where the verb ends in -rre, the final re is removed, leaving behind just an -r:
In any case, after the suffixation, there is only a single r and no vowels immediately before -li.
- nominative masculine plural of
- genitive masculine singular of
- genitive neuter singular of
- vocative masculine plural of
- used after a verb form to introduce a polar question
- Are you sleeping?
- Sy-li Bóžy syn?
- Are you the Son of God?
- Wiźiš-li to?
- Do you see that?
- Coš-li, ga móžoš.
- If you want, then you may.
- Jo-li tam, ga jo derje.
- If he’s there, then it’s all right.
- Zmejoš-li pjeńeze, dosć změjoš pśijaśelow.
- If you have money, you’ll have plenty of friends.
- Maš-li to na mysli, ga cyń.
- If you’re thinking of it, do it.
- Alternative form of
- “-lī, suf.(1)” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 7 April 2018.
- “-lī, suf.(2)” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 7 April 2018.
-li (first person dual nominative, bound form of ngali)
- we two
Bound pronouns can be used instead of the regular "long form" pronouns. They act as clitics that attach to the last word of the first noun phrase in the sentence, or the conjunctions ka or munu if present.
|First person||ngayulu (I)
Bound form: -ṉa
|ngali (we two)
Bound form: -li
|nganaṉa (we, more than two)|
Bound form: -la
|Second person||nyuntu (you)
Bound form: -n
|nyupali (you two)||nyura (you, more than two)|
|Third person||paluṟu (he/she/it)||pula (they two)||tjana (they, more than two)|
Bound form: -ya
- with, containing; forms adjectives from nouns. This usage is treated as a "case suffix" and is separated from proper nouns by an apostrophe.
- of, from; of a nation or place. This usage is treated as a "word-forming suffix" and is not separated from proper nouns by an apostrophe. The demonym formed this way functions equally as an adjective and as a noun. It is commonly encountered in surnames derived from the names of towns and cities.
- -siz (only for the first sense)