English edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English i-, y-, ȝe-, from Old English ġe-, from Proto-West Germanic *ga-, from Proto-Germanic *ga-, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱó-, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm (with, near, by, along). Cognate with Dutch ge-, Low German ge-, je-, e-, German ge-.

Prefix edit

i-

  1. (obsolete) Used to form past participles of verbs. Alternative spelling of y-

Etymology 2 edit

From Latin ī-, assimilated form of in- used before g-.

Prefix edit

i-

  1. A form of the prefix in-, used before gn, as in ignoble, ignominy, and ignore.
Synonyms edit

Etymology 3 edit

Prefix edit

i-

  1. (Jamaica) Used to transform English words into words used by Rastafarians with a special meaning.

See also edit

Etymology 4 edit

Popularized in the name of the iMac line of computers (1998).

Prefix edit

i-

  1. Alluding to the Internet.
    Coordinate terms: cyber-; e-
  2. Alluding to digital devices and computer programs, especially those that are cutting-edge or fashionable, and those from Apple.
    Coordinate term: (alluding to McDonald's) Mc-
    i- + ‎pod → ‎iPod
    i- + ‎phone → ‎iPhone
    i- + ‎gen → ‎iGen
    • 1999 November 1, Melissa August, “Ad Infinitum”, in Time, volume 154, page 39:
      I-WHAT?! Seems everyone's ripping off the iMac idea. Take this parody ad for the fruity-colored “iBrator” at sleeplessknights.com.
    • 2011, Scotty Smith, Everyday Prayers: 365 Days to a Gospel-Centered Faith, Baker Books, →ISBN, page 178:
      In our “iWorld” of new gadgets and cool widgets, help us to ponder the reality that over half of the population on the earth exists on three of our American dollars, or less, a day.
Derived terms edit

Choctaw edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (first-person, we): IPA(key): /iː/

Prefix edit

ī- (before vowels il-, class I first-person plural)

  1. the subject of an active transitive verb
    we
  2. the subject of an active intransitive verb
    we

Inflection edit

Curripaco edit

Prefix edit

i-

  1. second person plural agent marker

References edit

  • Swintha Danielsen, Tania Granadillo, Agreement in two Arawak languages, in The Typology of Semantic Alignment (edited by Mark Donohue, Søren Wichmann) (2008, →ISBN, page 398

Esperanto edit

Etymology edit

The i vowel common to other correlatives, such as ki- and ti-, without the defining consonant.

Pronunciation edit

  • (file)

Prefix edit

i-

  1. Any-, some-. (Indeterminate correlative prefix.)

Derived terms edit

Italian edit

Etymology edit

Assimilated form of in-, before s- + consonant.

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

i-

  1. Alternative form of in-

Kambera edit

Pronoun edit

i-

  1. Alternative form of mi-

See also edit

Latin edit

Etymology edit

Assimilated form of in-, before gn-.

Prefix edit

i-

  1. Alternative form of in-

Malagasy edit

Prefix edit

i-

  1. prefix element of i- -ana

See also edit

Middle English edit

Etymology edit

From Old English ġe-, from Proto-Germanic *ga-.

Prefix edit

i-

  1. Alternative form of y-

Mohawk edit

Prefix edit

i-

  1. translocative, indicating motion away from the speaker
  2. epenthetic vowel added to certain verb forms
  3. Alternative form of ka- (before o- and on-stems)

References edit

  • Gunther Michelson (1973) A thousand words of Mohawk, University of Ottawa Press, page 11
  • Nora Deering; Helga H. Delisle (1976) Mohawk: A teaching grammar (preliminary version), Quebec: Manitou College, pages 105, 173

Northern Ndebele edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Bantu *gɪ́-.

Prefix edit

i- (medial yi-)

  1. they; class 4 subject concord.

Etymology 2 edit

Contracted from earlier ili-, from Proto-Bantu *dɪ́-, plus augment. Originally the pronominal and verbal concord, it displaced the older Bantu noun prefix *ì-. The tone was lowered by analogy with other noun prefixes.

Prefix edit

i-

  1. Class 5 noun prefix; form of ili- used before stems of more than one syllable.

Etymology 3 edit

From Proto-Bantu *jɪ́-.

Prefix edit

i- (medial yi-)

  1. he, she, it; class 9 subject concord.

Etymology 4 edit

Prefix edit

i-

  1. Class 9 noun prefix; form of in- used before stems beginning with l, m or n.

Old English edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Germanic *iz.

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

ī-

  1. same, selfsame

Derived terms edit

Phuthi edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Bantu *gɪ́-.

Prefix edit

i- (medial yi-)

  1. they; class 4 subject concord.

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Bantu *jɪ̀-n-.

Prefix edit

i-

  1. Class 9 noun prefix.

Etymology 3 edit

From Proto-Bantu *jɪ́-.

Prefix edit

i- (medial yi-)

  1. he, she, it; class 9 subject concord.

Etymology 4 edit

Prefix edit

i-

  1. Class 9 noun prefix; form of in- used before stems beginning with l, m or n.

Portuguese edit

Prefix edit

i-

  1. Alternative form of in-, used before l, m and n.

Southern Ndebele edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Bantu *gɪ́-.

Prefix edit

i- (medial yi-)

  1. they; class 4 subject concord.

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Bantu *jɪ́-.

Prefix edit

i- (medial yi-)

  1. he, she, it; class 9 subject concord.

Spanish edit

Prefix edit

i-

  1. Alternative form of in-, used before l.

Swahili edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bantu *gɪ́- and Proto-Bantu *jɪ́-.

Prefix edit

i-

  1. it, they; mi class(IV)/n class(IX) subject concord
  2. verb-initial form of -i- (it, them; mi class(IV)/n class(IX) object concord)

See also edit

Swazi edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Bantu *gɪ́-.

Prefix edit

i- (medial yi-)

  1. they; class 4 subject concord.

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Bantu *jɪ́-.

Prefix edit

i- (medial yi-)

  1. he, she, it; class 9 subject concord.

Tagalog edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *i-.

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

i- (Baybayin spelling )

  1. benefactive trigger: to perform the action of the verb for someone or something (expresses various kinds of actions)
    i- + ‎bili (buy) → ‎ibili (to buy something for someone)
    Ibili mo ako ng saging.
    Buy me bananas.
  2. object trigger: to do something to a person or a thing (expresses various kinds of actions)
    i- + ‎tapon (throw) → ‎itapon (to throw)
    Itapon mo iyan sa basurahan.
    Throw that to the garbage.
  3. instrumental trigger: to use something for a certain purpose (expresses various kinds of actions)
    i- + ‎sulat (write) → ‎isulat (to use something for writing)
    Isulat mo ng listahan ang lapis.
    Use the pencil to write a list.

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Taos edit

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

i-

  1. (transitive) First person plural subject + third person singular object.
  2. (transitive) Second person singular subject + third person inverse number object.
  3. (transitive) Third person singular subject + third person inverse number object.
  4. (transitive) Third person plural subject + third person singular object.
  5. (formative) Third person plural subject.

Ternate edit

Pronoun edit

i- (Jawiإ-⁩)

  1. (non-human) third-person singular clitic, it
  2. (human) third-person plural clitic, they
  3. (masculine) third-person singular possessive prefix, his
    Synonym: ai-

See also edit

References edit

  • Frederik Sigismund Alexander de Clercq (1890) Bijdragen tot de kennis der Residentie Ternate, E.J. Brill
  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

Tocharian A edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Tocharian *jä-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ey- (to move). Compare Tocharian B i-.

Verb edit

i-

  1. to go

Tocharian B edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Tocharian *jä-, whence also Tocharian A i-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ey- (to move). Cognate with Latin and Polish iść, both of the same meaning. The preterite form of this term, mäs-, is from Proto-Indo-European *mew- (to move), and as such the term is suppletive in conjugation.

Verb edit

i-

  1. to go

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “i-”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, pages 65-66

West Makian edit

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

i-

  1. third-person singular clitic, he, she, it
    icohe sees
    pala ne ilamothis house is large

Xhosa edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Bantu *gɪ́-.

Prefix edit

i- (medial yi-)

  1. they; class 4 subject concord.

Etymology 2 edit

Prefix edit

i-

  1. Class 5 noun prefix; form of ili- used before stems of more than one syllable.

Etymology 3 edit

From Proto-Bantu *jɪ́-.

Prefix edit

i- (medial yi-)

  1. he, she, it; class 9 subject concord.

Ye'kwana edit

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

i-

  1. (Caura River dialect) Allomorph of y- (third-person prefix) used for stems that begin with two consonants.
  2. (Cunucunuma River dialect) Allomorph of d- (third-person prefix) used for non-deictic stems that begin with a consonant.
  3. Forms part of the circumfix allomorphs of various adverbializers, i- -jai, i- -'da, and i- -emje, used for stems that begin with two consonants.

Inflection edit

Yoruba edit

Etymology 1 edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

IPA(key): /ì/

Prefix edit

ì-

  1. abstract or instrument nominalizing prefix
Usage notes edit

Forms both abstract and concrete nouns:

Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

IPA(key): /ī/

Prefix edit

i-

  1. non-gerundive nominalizing prefix
Derived terms edit

Zulu edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Bantu *gɪ́-.

Prefix edit

í- (medial yí-)

  1. they; class 4 subject concord.

Etymology 2 edit

Contracted from earlier íli-, from Proto-Bantu *dɪ́-, plus augment. Originally the pronominal and verbal concord, it displaced the older Bantu noun prefix *ì-. The tone was lowered by analogy with other noun prefixes.

Prefix edit

î-

  1. Class 5 noun prefix.

Etymology 3 edit

Prefix edit

í-

  1. Class 9 noun prefix; form of in- used before stems beginning with l, m or n.

Etymology 4 edit

From Proto-Bantu *jɪ́-.

Prefix edit

í- (medial yí-)

  1. he, she, it; class 9 subject concord.

References edit