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EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PrefixEdit

i-

  1. (obsolete) Used to form past participles of verbs. Alternative spelling of y-

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin ī-, assimilated form of in- used before g-.

PrefixEdit

i-

  1. A form of the prefix in-, used before gn, as in ignoble, ignominy, and ignore.

Etymology 3Edit

PrefixEdit

i-

  1. (Jamaican) Used to transform English words into words used by Rastafarians with a special meaning.

See alsoEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Popularized in the name of the iMac line of computers (1998).

PrefixEdit

i-

  1. Alluding to the Internet.
  2. Alluding to digital devices and computer programs, especially those that are cutting-edge or fashionable, and those from Apple.
    • 1999, Melissa August, “Ad Infinitum”, in Time, v 154, November 1, p 39:
      I-WHAT?! Seems everyone's ripping off the iMac idea. Take this parody ad for the fruity-colored “iBrator” at sleeplessknights.com.
    • 2011, Scotty Smith, Everyday Prayers: 365 Days to a Gospel-Centered Faith, Baker Books, →ISBN, 178:
      In our “iWorld” of new gadgets and cool widgets, help us to ponder the reality that over half of the population on the earth exists on three of our American dollars, or less, a day.
Coordinate termsEdit
  • (internet): e- (electronic)
  • (alluding to Apple products): Mc- (alluding to McDonald's)

Derived termsEdit


ChoctawEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

  • (first-person, we): IPA(key): /iː/

PrefixEdit

ī- (before vowels il-, class I first-person plural)

  1. the subject of an active transitive verb
    we
  2. the subject of an active intransitive verb
    we
InflectionEdit
person markers class I class II class III class N imperative
+s +C +V +C/i +a/o +C +V +C +V +C +V
first-person singular initial -li sa- si- a- am- ak- n/a
medial -sa- -sam-
paucal ī- il- pi- pi- pim- kī- kil-
plural hapi- hapi- hapim-
second-person singular is- ish- chi- chi- chim- chik-
plural has- hash- hachi- hachi- hachim- hachik- ho- oh-
third-person i- im- ik-

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

  • (third-person; him, her, etc.): IPA(key): /ĩː/

PrefixEdit

i- (before vowels im-, class III third-person)

  1. the indirect object of an active transitive verb
    to him, her, it or them; for him, her, it or them
  2. the subject of an intransitive affective verb
    he, she, it or they
  3. the direct object of a small set of transitive verbs mostly dealing with affect, communication and intimacy
    him, her, it or them
  4. indicates possession of a noun
    his, her, its or their
    hattak ikatos
    the man's cat
InflectionEdit
person markers class I class II class III class N imperative
+s +C +V +C/i +a/o +C +V +C +V +C +V
first-person singular initial -li sa- si- a- am- ak- n/a
medial -sa- -sam-
paucal ī- il- pi- pi- pim- kī- kil-
plural hapi- hapi- hapim-
second-person singular is- ish- chi- chi- chim- chik-
plural has- hash- hachi- hachi- hachim- hachik- ho- oh-
third-person i- im- ik-



CurripacoEdit

PrefixEdit

i-

  1. second person plural agent marker

ReferencesEdit

  • Swintha Danielsen, Tania Granadillo, Agreement in two Arawak languages, in The Typology of Semantic Alignment (edited by Mark Donohue, Søren Wichmann) (2008, →ISBN, page 398

EsperantoEdit

EtymologyEdit

The i vowel common to other correlatives, such as ki- and ti-, without the defining consonant.

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

PrefixEdit

i-

  1. Any-, some-. (Indeterminate correlative prefix.)

Derived termsEdit


KamberaEdit

PronounEdit

i-

  1. Alternative form of mi-

See alsoEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

Assimilated form of in-, before gn-.

PrefixEdit

ī-

  1. Alternative form of in-

MalagasyEdit

PrefixEdit

i-

  1. prefix element of i- -ana

See alsoEdit


Northern NdebeleEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Nguni *í-, from Proto-Bantu *gɪ́-.

PrefixEdit

i- (medial yi-)

  1. they; class 4 subject concord.

Etymology 2Edit

Contracted from earlier ili-, from Proto-Nguni *íli-, from Proto-Bantu *dɪ́-, plus augment. Originally the pronominal and verbal concord, it displaced the older Bantu noun prefix *ì-. The tone was lowered by analogy with other noun prefixes.

PrefixEdit

i-

  1. Class 5 noun prefix; form of ili- used before stems of more than one syllable.

Etymology 3Edit

From Proto-Nguni *í-, from Proto-Bantu *jɪ́-.

PrefixEdit

i- (medial yi-)

  1. he, she, it; class 9 subject concord.

Etymology 4Edit

PrefixEdit

i-

  1. Class 9 noun prefix; form of in- used before stems beginning with l, m or n.

Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *iz.

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

ī-

  1. same, selfsame

Derived termsEdit


PhuthiEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Nguni *í-, from Proto-Bantu *gɪ́-.

PrefixEdit

i- (medial yi-)

  1. they; class 4 subject concord.

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Nguni *ín-, from Proto-Bantu *jɪ̀-ǹ-.

PrefixEdit

i-

  1. Class 9 noun prefix.

Etymology 3Edit

From Proto-Nguni *í-, from Proto-Bantu *jɪ́-.

PrefixEdit

i- (medial yi-)

  1. he, she, it; class 9 subject concord.

Etymology 4Edit

PrefixEdit

i-

  1. Class 9 noun prefix; form of in- used before stems beginning with l, m or n.

Southern NdebeleEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Nguni *í-, from Proto-Bantu *gɪ́-.

PrefixEdit

i- (medial yi-)

  1. they; class 4 subject concord.

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Nguni *í-, from Proto-Bantu *jɪ́-.

PrefixEdit

i- (medial yi-)

  1. he, she, it; class 9 subject concord.

SwaziEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Nguni *í-, from Proto-Bantu *gɪ́-.

PrefixEdit

i- (medial yi-)

  1. they; class 4 subject concord.

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Nguni *í-, from Proto-Bantu *jɪ́-.

PrefixEdit

i- (medial yi-)

  1. he, she, it; class 9 subject concord.

TagalogEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *i-

PrefixEdit

i-

  1. to do something to a person or a thing (expresses various kinds of actions)
    1. i- + tapon (throw)=itapon (to throw)
    Itapon mo 'yan sa basurahan.
    Throw that to the garbage.
  2. to perform the action of the verb for someone or something (expresses various kinds of actions)
    1. i- + bili (buy)=ibili (to buy something for someone)
    Ibili mo ako ng saging.
    Buy me bananas.

Further readingEdit

  1. https://learningtagalog.com/grammar/verbs/verb_affixes/i_1.html
  2. https://learningtagalog.com/grammar/verbs/verb_affixes/i_2.html

TaosEdit

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

i-

  1. (transitive) First person plural subject + third person singular object.
  2. (transitive) Second person singular subject + third person inverse number object.
  3. (transitive) Third person singular subject + third person inverse number object.
  4. (transitive) Third person plural subject + third person singular object.
  5. (formative) Third person plural subject.

TernateEdit

PronounEdit

i-

  1. they (proclitic)
  2. it (proclitic)

ReferencesEdit

  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001). A Descriptive Study of the Language of Ternate, the Northern Moluccas, Indonesia. University of Pittsburgh.

Tocharian BEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Tocharian *jä-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ey- (to move). Cognate with Latin and Polish iść, both of the same meaning. The preterite form of this term, mäs-, is from Proto-Indo-European *mew- (to move), and as such the term is anonomalous in conjugation.

VerbEdit

i-

  1. to go

Derived termsEdit

Tocharian B: imāne (possibly)

Further readingEdit

  • Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “i-”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, pages 65-66

XhosaEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Nguni *í-, from Proto-Bantu *gɪ́-.

PrefixEdit

i- (medial yi-)

  1. they; class 4 subject concord.

Etymology 2Edit

PrefixEdit

i-

  1. Class 5 noun prefix; form of ili- used before stems of more than one syllable.

Etymology 3Edit

From Proto-Nguni *í-, from Proto-Bantu *jɪ́-.

PrefixEdit

i- (medial yi-)

  1. he, she, it; class 9 subject concord.

ZuluEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Nguni *í-, from Proto-Bantu *gɪ́-.

PrefixEdit

i- (medial yi-)

  1. they; class 4 subject concord.

Etymology 2Edit

Contracted from earlier ili-, from Proto-Nguni *íli-, from Proto-Bantu *dɪ́-, plus augment. Originally the pronominal and verbal concord, it displaced the older Bantu noun prefix *ì-. The tone was lowered by analogy with other noun prefixes.

PrefixEdit

i-

  1. Class 5 noun prefix.

Etymology 3Edit

PrefixEdit

i-

  1. Class 9 noun prefix; form of in- used before stems beginning with l, m or n.

Etymology 4Edit

From Proto-Nguni *í-, from Proto-Bantu *jɪ́-.

PrefixEdit

i- (medial yi-)

  1. he, she, it; class 9 subject concord.

ReferencesEdit