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ChoctawEdit

PrefixEdit

si- (except before a/o sa-, class II first-person singular)

  1. the direct object of an active transitive verb
    me
  2. the subject of a stative intransitive verb
    I
  3. indicates possession of a noun
    my

Usage notesEdit

Class II person markers are used for possession only for a small set of words, mostly including kinship terms and body parts.

InflectionEdit

person markers class I class II class III class N imperative
+s +C +V +C/i +a/o +C +V +C +V +C +V
first-person singular initial -li sa- si- a- am- ak- n/a
medial -sa- -sam-
paucal ī- il- pi- pi- pim- kī- kil-
plural hapi- hapi- hapim-
second-person singular is- ish- chi- chi- chim- chik-
plural has- hash- hachi- hachi- hachim- hachik- ho- oh-
third-person i- im- ik-

ChuukeseEdit

PrefixEdit

si-

  1. First-person plural inclusive subject marker for tense modifying adverbs.

NavajoEdit

PrefixEdit

si-

  1. my, me

Usage notesEdit

This is an alternative form of shi- which comes about in some words as a result of coronal harmony. See, for example, sikʼis, sitsilí. This once firm rule has become optional, and today most Navajo speakers actually prefer to ignore the rules of sibilant (coronal) harmony, especially when there is relatively greater distance between the 1st-person shi- and the alveolar sibilant in the root.

See alsoEdit


Northern NdebeleEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Nguni *si-, from Proto-Bantu *tʊ̀-, via an intermediate form *tɪ̀-.

PrefixEdit

si-

  1. we; first-person plural subject concord.

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Nguni *sí-, from Proto-Bantu *tʊ́-, via an intermediate form *tɪ́-.

PrefixEdit

si-

  1. us; first-person plural object concord.

Etymology 3Edit

From Proto-Nguni *sí-, from Proto-Bantu *kɪ́-.

PrefixEdit

si-

  1. he, she, it; class 7 subject concord.
  2. him, her, it; class 7 object concord.

PhuthiEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Nguni *si-, from Proto-Bantu *tʊ̀-, via an intermediate form *tɪ̀-.

PrefixEdit

si-

  1. we; first-person plural subject concord.

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Nguni *sí-, from Proto-Bantu *tʊ́-, via an intermediate form *tɪ́-.

PrefixEdit

si-

  1. us; first-person plural object concord.

Etymology 3Edit

From Proto-Nguni *ísi-, from Proto-Bantu *kɪ́-kɪ̀-.

PrefixEdit

si-

  1. Class 7 noun prefix.

Etymology 4Edit

From Proto-Nguni *sí-, from Proto-Bantu *kɪ́-.

PrefixEdit

si-

  1. he, she, it; class 7 subject concord.
  2. him, her, it; class 7 object concord.

Southern NdebeleEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Nguni *si-, from Proto-Bantu *tʊ̀-, via an intermediate form *tɪ̀-.

PrefixEdit

si-

  1. we; first-person plural subject concord.

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Nguni *sí-, from Proto-Bantu *tʊ́-, via an intermediate form *tɪ́-.

PrefixEdit

si-

  1. us; first-person plural object concord.

Etymology 3Edit

From Proto-Nguni *sí-, from Proto-Bantu *kɪ́-.

PrefixEdit

si-

  1. he, she, it; class 7 subject concord.
  2. him, her, it; class 7 object concord.

SwahiliEdit

PrefixEdit

si-

  1. the negative emphatic copula or negative focusing copula: expresses "it is not" with an inflected object

InflectionEdit

Emphatic copula forms:

Pronominals 1s 2s 3s 1p 2p 3p
Positive ndimi, ndiye ndiwe, ndiye ndiye ndisi, ndio ndinyi, ndio ndio
Negative simi, siye siwe, siye siye sio, sisi* sinyi, siyo sio
Classes c1 c2/c3/c11/c14 c4/c6/c9 c5 c7 c8 c10 c15 c16 c17
Positive ndiye ndio ndiyo ndilo ndicho ndivyo ndizo ndiko ndipo ndimo
Negative siye sio siyo silo sicho sivyo sizo siko sipo simo

* The form sisi "it is not us" is not frequently used as it is identical to the pronoun sisi "we", "us". Instead it is virtually always replaced with sio.

See alsoEdit


SwaziEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Nguni *si-, from Proto-Bantu *tʊ̀-, via an intermediate form *tɪ̀-.

PrefixEdit

si-

  1. we; first-person plural subject concord.

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Nguni *sí-, from Proto-Bantu *tʊ́-, via an intermediate form *tɪ́-.

PrefixEdit

si-

  1. us; first-person plural object concord.

Etymology 3Edit

From Proto-Nguni *ísi-, from Proto-Bantu *kɪ́-kɪ̀-.

PrefixEdit

si-

  1. Class 7 noun prefix.

Etymology 4Edit

From Proto-Nguni *sí-, from Proto-Bantu *kɪ́-.

PrefixEdit

si-

  1. he, she, it; class 7 subject concord.
  2. him, her, it; class 7 object concord.

XhosaEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Nguni *si-, from Proto-Bantu *tʊ̀-, via an intermediate form *tɪ̀-.

PrefixEdit

si-

  1. we; first-person plural subject concord.

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Nguni *sí-, from Proto-Bantu *tʊ́-, via an intermediate form *tɪ́-.

PrefixEdit

si-

  1. us; first-person plural object concord.

Etymology 3Edit

From Proto-Nguni *sí-, from Proto-Bantu *kɪ́-.

PrefixEdit

si-

  1. he, she, it; class 7 subject concord.
  2. him, her, it; class 7 object concord.

ZuluEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Nguni *si-, from Proto-Bantu *tʊ̀-, via an intermediate form *tɪ̀-.

PrefixEdit

si-

  1. we; first-person plural subject concord.

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Nguni *sí-, from Proto-Bantu *tʊ́-, via an intermediate form *tɪ́-.

PrefixEdit

si-

  1. us; first-person plural object concord.

Etymology 3Edit

From Proto-Bantu *kɪ̀-.

PrefixEdit

si-

  1. Class 7 simple noun prefix.

Etymology 4Edit

From Proto-Nguni *sí-, from Proto-Bantu *kɪ́-.

PrefixEdit

si-

  1. he, she, it; class 7 subject concord.
  2. him, her, it; class 7 object concord.

ReferencesEdit