isthmus

See also: Isthmus

EnglishEdit

 
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An isthmus (narrow strip of land).

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from Latin isthmus (a strip of land between two seas), from Ancient Greek ῐ̓σθμός (isthmós, neck, narrow passage), possibly from εἶμῐ (eîmi, to go). Cognate to Old Norse eið (isthmus).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

isthmus (plural isthmuses or isthmi)

  1. A narrow strip of land, bordered on both sides by water, and connecting two larger landmasses.
    Hyponym: Isthmus of Suez
  2. (anatomy) Any such narrow part connecting two larger structures.
    Hyponym: uterine isthmus
  3. (graph theory) An edge in a graph whose deletion increases the number of connected components of the graph.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit


LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from Ancient Greek ῐ̓σθμός (isthmós, neck, narrow passage), possibly from εἶμῐ (eîmi, to go).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

isthmus m (genitive isthmī); second declension

  1. a strip of land between two seas; an isthmus
    1. (transferred sense, poetic) a strait
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Usage notesEdit

  • Capitalised as Isthmus, it refers to the Isthmus of Corinth.

InflectionEdit

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative isthmus isthmī
Genitive isthmī isthmōrum
Dative isthmō isthmīs
Accusative isthmum isthmōs
Ablative isthmō isthmīs
Vocative isthme isthmī

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit

  • isthmus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette