Hungarian edit

 
láng

Etymology edit

Of debated origin:[1]

  1. Native word, an onomatopoeia.
  2. From Proto-Finno-Ugric *lomɜ (warmth, flame) + -g (noun-forming suffix).

Pronunciation edit

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Noun edit

láng (plural lángok)

  1. flame, flare (the visible part of fire)
    Holonym: tűz (fire)

Declension edit

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative láng lángok
accusative lángot lángokat
dative lángnak lángoknak
instrumental lánggal lángokkal
causal-final lángért lángokért
translative lánggá lángokká
terminative lángig lángokig
essive-formal lángként lángokként
essive-modal
inessive lángban lángokban
superessive lángon lángokon
adessive lángnál lángoknál
illative lángba lángokba
sublative lángra lángokra
allative lánghoz lángokhoz
elative lángból lángokból
delative lángról lángokról
ablative lángtól lángoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
lángé lángoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
lángéi lángokéi
Possessive forms of láng
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. lángom lángjaim
2nd person sing. lángod lángjaid
3rd person sing. lángja lángjai
1st person plural lángunk lángjaink
2nd person plural lángotok lángjaitok
3rd person plural lángjuk lángjaik

Derived terms edit

Compound words
Expressions

References edit

  1. ^ láng in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Further reading edit

  • láng in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Lashi edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Lolo-Burmese *ʔ-laŋ, from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *lyaŋ.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

láng

  1. (intransitive) to wait

Conjunction edit

láng

  1. if
    Nyang gyo láng ngo yi hga.If he allows it, I will go. (Quoting Luk, p. 100)

References edit

  • Mark Wannemacher (2011) A phonological overview of the Lacid language[1], Chiang Mai: Payap University., page 29
  • Hkaw Luk (2017) A grammatical sketch of Lacid[2], Chiang Mai: Payap University (master thesis), pages 14, 174

Mandarin edit

Alternative forms edit

  • langnonstandard
  • láŋvery rare shorthand

Romanization edit

láng (lang2, Zhuyin ㄌㄤˊ)

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Vietnamese edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Probably related to sáng.

Adjective edit

láng (𣼽)

  1. smooth; glossy
Derived terms edit
Derived terms

Etymology 2 edit

This word is rarely, if ever, used as a common noun in isolation in modern Vietnamese anymore. However, it is a common element in place names (Láng Tròn, Láng Dài, Láng Biển, Láng Thượng, etc.), especially in Southern Vietnam.

Noun edit

láng (, , , 𣼽)

  1. (now only in compounds) a neighborhood (residential area)
Derived terms edit