U+6717, 朗
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6717

[U+6716]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6718]

U+F929, 朗
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F929

[U+F928]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F92A]
U+FA92, 朗
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA92

[U+FA91]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA93]
朗 U+2F8D8, 朗
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F8D8
䏙
[U+2F8D7]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 望
[U+2F8D9]

Translingual

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Han character

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(Kangxi radical 74, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 戈戈月 (IIB), four-corner 37720, composition )

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 505, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14362
  • Dae Jaweon: page 884, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2072, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+6717

Chinese

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simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin

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Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *raːŋʔ) : phonetic (OC *raŋ) + semantic (moon)

Etymology

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Areal etymon. Compare Khmer រង (rɔɔng, be light, bright, become clear, clarify), Old Mon to glitter (ˀaråṅ), Burmese ရောင် (raung, brightness), အရောင် (a.raung, appearance, colour, luster). Possibly related to (OC raŋh). (Schuessler, 2007)

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • láng/lang - vernacular;
  • lóng - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (101)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter langX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɑŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/lɑŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/laŋX/
Li
Rong
/lɑŋX/
Wang
Li
/lɑŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɑŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lǎng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
long5
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
lǎng
Middle
Chinese
‹ langX ›
Old
Chinese
/*k.rˁaŋʔ/
English bright

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8034
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*raːŋʔ/

Definitions

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  1. clear; bright
  2. loud and clear
      ―  lǎng  ―  to read aloud
  3. (literary) understanding; enlightened

Compounds

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References

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Japanese

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Shinjitai
Kyūjitai
[1]


&#xF929;
 
朗󠄀
+&#xE0100;?
(Adobe-Japan1)
朗󠄆
+&#xE0106;?
(Hanyo-Denshi)
(Moji_Joho)
The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
See here for details.

Kanji

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(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. (visually) bright, clear
  2. (auditorily) sonorant, clear
  3. (psychologically) merry, cheerful
  4. Used in personal names.

Readings

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Compounds

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References

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  1. ^ ”, in 漢字ぺディア [Kanjipedia]‎[1] (in Japanese), The Japan Kanji Aptitude Testing Foundation, 2015–2024

Korean

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Etymology

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From Middle Chinese (MC langX). Recorded as Middle Korean (lang) (Yale: lang) in Sinjeung Yuhap (新增類合 / 신증유합), 1576.

Pronunciation

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  • (initial position)
    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [na̠(ː)ŋ]
    • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
      • Though still prescribed in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
  • (non-initial position)

Hanja

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Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 밝을 (balgeul rang), word-initial (South Korea) 밝을 (balgeul nang))

  1. Hanja form? of / (clear; bright).

Compounds

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References

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  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Việt readings: lãng (()(đảng)(thiết))[1][2][3]
: Nôm readings: lẳng[1][2][3][4][5], lặng[1][2][3][4][5], rạng[1][2][3][4][5], lảng[1][2][3][4], lững[1][2][3][4], lãng[1][2][3], lửng[1][2][5], láng[1][2], lắng[1][2], sang[1][2], sáng[1][2], lựng[3][5], lẵng[1], trắng[1], rang[3], lăng[4], lứng[4]

  1. Nôm form of lặng (calm; silent; quiet).

References

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