U+6717, 朗
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6717

[U+6716]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6718]

U+F929, 朗
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F929

[U+F928]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F92A]
U+FA92, 朗
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA92

[U+FA91]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA93]
朗 U+2F8D8, 朗
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F8D8
䏙
[U+2F8D7]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 望
[U+2F8D9]

Translingual Edit

Han character Edit

(Kangxi radical 74, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 戈戈月 (IIB), four-corner 37720)

Derived characters Edit

References Edit

  • KangXi: page 505, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14362
  • Dae Jaweon: page 884, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2072, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+6717

Chinese Edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin Edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *raːŋʔ): phonetic (OC *raŋ) + semantic (moon)

Etymology Edit

Areal etymon. Compare Khmer រង (rɔɔng, be light, bright, become clear, clarify), Old Mon to glitter (ˀaråṅ), Burmese ရောင် (raung, brightness), အရောင် (a.raung, appearance, colour, luster). Possibly related to (OC raŋh). (Schuessler, 2007)

Pronunciation Edit


Note:
  • láng/lang - vernacular;
  • lóng - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (101)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Baxter langX
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lɑŋX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /lɑŋX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /lɑŋX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /laŋX/
    Li
    Rong
    /lɑŋX/
    Wang
    Li
    /lɑŋX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /lɑŋX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    lǎng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    long5
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    lǎng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ langX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*k.rˁaŋʔ/
    English bright

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 8034
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*raːŋʔ/

    Definitions Edit

    1. clear; bright
    2. loud and clear
        ―  lǎng  ―  to read aloud
    3. (literary) understanding; enlightened

    Compounds Edit

    References Edit

    Japanese Edit

    Shinjitai
    Kyūjitai
    [1]


    &#xF929;
     
    朗󠄀
    +&#xE0100;?
    (Adobe-Japan1)
    朗󠄆
    +&#xE0106;?
    (Hanyo-Denshi)
    (Moji_Joho)
    The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
    See here for details.

    Kanji Edit

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

    1. (visually) bright, clear
    2. (auditorily) sonorant, clear
    3. (psychologically) merry, cheerful
    4. Used in personal names.

    Readings Edit

    Compounds Edit

    References Edit

    1. ^ ”, in 漢字ぺディア (Kanjipedia)[1] (in Japanese), 日本漢字能力検定協会, 2015—2023

    Korean Edit

    Etymology Edit

    From Middle Chinese (MC langX). Recorded as Middle Korean (lang) (Yale: lang) in Sinjeung Yuhap (新增類合 / 신증유합), 1576.

    Pronunciation Edit

    • (initial position)
      • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [na̠(ː)ŋ]
      • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
        • Though still prescribed in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
    • (non-initial position)

    Hanja Edit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 밝을 (balgeul rang), South Korea 밝을 (balgeul nang))

    1. Hanja form? of / (clear; bright).

    Compounds Edit

    References Edit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

    Vietnamese Edit

    Han character Edit

    : Hán Việt readings: lãng (()(đảng)(thiết))[1][2][3]
    : Nôm readings: lẳng[1][2][3][4][5], lặng[1][2][3][4][5], rạng[1][2][3][4][5], lảng[1][2][3][4], lững[1][2][3][4], lãng[1][2][3], lửng[1][2][5], láng[1][2], lắng[1][2], sang[1][2], sáng[1][2], lựng[3][5], lẵng[1], trắng[1], rang[3], lăng[4], lứng[4]

    1. Nôm form of lặng (calm; silent; quiet).

    References Edit