Open main menu

Wiktionary β

See also:
U+7FA9, 義
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7FA9

[U+7FA8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7FAA]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
   
(traditional) (modern)

Han characterEdit

(radical 123 +7, 13 strokes, cangjie input 廿土竹手戈 (TGHQI), four-corner 80553, composition𦍌)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 952, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28504
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1397, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3133, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+7FA9

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl, *ŋralʔ
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl, *ŋaːlʔ
*ŋaːlʔ
*ŋaːlʔ
*ŋaːls
*ŋrals
*ŋral
*ŋral, *ŋralʔ
*ŋral, *ŋralʔ
*ŋralʔ
*ŋralʔ
*ŋralʔ
*ŋralʔ, *hŋral
*ŋrals
*hŋral
*hŋral
*hŋral

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋrals): semantic  (sheep) + phonetic  (OC *ŋaːlʔ).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /i⁵¹/
Harbin /i⁵³/
Tianjin /i⁵³/
Jinan /i²¹/
Qingdao /i⁴²/
Zhengzhou /i³¹²/
Xi'an /i⁴⁴/
Xining /ji²¹³/
Yinchuan /i¹³/
Lanzhou /i¹³/
Ürümqi /i²¹³/
Wuhan /i³⁵/
Chengdu /ȵi¹³/
Guiyang /ni²¹³/
/i²¹³/
Kunming /i²¹²/
Nanjing /i⁴⁴/
Hefei /zz̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /i⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ȵi³⁵/
Hohhot /i⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ȵi²³/
Suzhou /ɦi³¹/
Hangzhou /ȵi¹³/
Wenzhou /ȵi²²/
Hui Shexian /ni²²/
Tunxi /ȵi¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ȵi⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ȵi⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /ȵi²¹/
Hakka Meixian /ŋi⁵³/
Taoyuan /ŋi⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ji²²/
Nanning /ji²²/
Hong Kong /ji²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /gi²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋiɛ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋi⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋĩ³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ŋi³⁵/
/ŋi³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (13)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋˠiᴇH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋᵚiɛH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiɛH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋjiə̆H/
Li
Rong
/ŋjeH/
Wang
Li
/ŋǐeH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋie̯H/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngjeH ›
Old
Chinese
/*ŋ(r)aj-s/
English duty; justice

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13045
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋrals/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. right conduct; righteousness; justice; morality
  2. meaning; implication
  3. rule; regulation
  4. charity; free
  5. adopted; foster
  6. (Taiwan) Short for 義大利义大利 (Yìdàlì, “Italy”).
  7. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji gi)

  1. a situation which has a right and proper reason
  2. a meaning
  3. a relative who has no blood relation
  4. an object which can be used properly instead of a right one

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ui) (hangeul , revised ui, McCune-Reischauer ŭi, Yale uy)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nghĩa, nghì, ngửi, ngãi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.