See also: Luft

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From German Luft (air). Doublet of lift and loft.

NounEdit

luft (uncountable)

  1. (chess) Space made for a castled king to give it a flight square to prevent a back-rank mate.

CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

From German Luft.

NounEdit

luft m

  1. (informal) air

SynonymsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • luft in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • luft in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

DanishEdit

 
Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Low German luft, lucht (air, smell), from Old Saxon luft, from Proto-West Germanic *luftu. Probably influenced by German Luft (air). It is a cognate of Danish loft (attic) and Danish lugt (smell).

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): [ˈlɔfd]

NounEdit

luft c (definite singular luften) (uncountable)

  1. air

Derived termsEdit


FaroeseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Low German lucht, from Old Saxon luft, from Proto-West Germanic *luftu.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

luft f (genitive singular luftar, uncountable)

  1. air
  2. atmosphere, sky

DeclensionEdit

Declension of luft (singular only)
f2s singular
indefinite definite
nominative luft luftin
accusative luft luftina
dative luft luftini
genitive luftar luftarinnar

Related termsEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English lyft (air, atmosphere, firmament), from Proto-West Germanic *luftu, from Proto-Germanic *luftuz (air, upper region). More at lift.

NounEdit

lüft

  1. air
  2. atmosphere
  3. heavens, sky, firmament

DescendantsEdit

  • English: lift (the sky, atmosphere)
  • Scots: lift, luft

Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

NounEdit

luft f or m (definite singular lufta or luften, uncountable)

  1. air

Derived termsEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Low German lucht.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

luft f (definite singular lufta, uncountable)

  1. air

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Old FrisianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *luftu, from Proto-Germanic *luftuz (air, upper region).

NounEdit

luft

  1. air
  2. the sky

DescendantsEdit

  • North Frisian: loft (the sky)

ScotsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English luft, lufte, from Old English lyft (the lower sky (as opposed to the upper atmosphere, or heavens), air, atmosphere), from Proto-West Germanic *luftu, from Proto-Germanic *luftuz.

NounEdit

luft (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of lift.
    • 1898, David Hay Fleming, Mary Queen of Scots (in English), page 437:
      Bothwell told Sir James Melville that he saw the strangest accident that ever chancit, to wit the powder cam out of the luft [i.e. the sky], and had brunt the Kingis house, and himself found lying dead a litle distance from the house under a tre;
    • 1977, Douglas Young, ‎Clara Young, ‎David D. Murison, A Clear Voice: Douglas Young, Poet and Polymath (in English), page 39:
      Gesserant sails on a skinklan frith, gowd-yalla luft and blue o the sea
    • 1996, Review of Scottish Culture - Issues 10-12 (in English), page 101:
      [] kind of phonetic spelling which resembles Elphinston's recommendations for an orthographic reform as issued in the eighteenth century, so his proverbs and sayings have to be practically translated: Gin dhe luft wuz tay faw, dhe laivruks wud bee smuird – if the sky were to fall, the larks would be smothered.

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From German Luft.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lȕft m (Cyrillic spelling лу̏фт)

  1. (colloquial) air

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • luft” in Hrvatski jezični portal

SilesianEdit

 
Silesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia szl

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from German Luft.

NounEdit

luft

  1. air

SynonymsEdit


SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from German Luft.

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

NounEdit

luft c

  1. air, atmosphere

DeclensionEdit

Declension of luft 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative luft luften
Genitive lufts luftens

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit