See also: Luft, lüft, and ľuft

English edit

Etymology edit

From German Luft (air). Doublet of lift and loft.

Noun edit

luft (uncountable)

  1. (chess) Space made for a castled king to give it a flight square to prevent a back-rank mate.

Czech edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from German Luft.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

luft m inan

  1. (informal) air
    Synonym: vzduch

Declension edit

Further reading edit

  • luft in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • luft in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish edit

 
Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology edit

From Middle Low German luft, lucht (air, smell), from Old Saxon luft, from Proto-West Germanic *luftu. Probably influenced by German Luft (air). It is a cognate of Danish loft (attic) and Danish lugt (smell).

Pronunciation edit

IPA(key): [ˈlɔfd]

Noun edit

luft c (definite singular luften) (uncountable)

  1. air

Derived terms edit

Faroese edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Low German lucht, from Old Saxon luft, from Proto-West Germanic *luftu.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

luft f (genitive singular luftar, uncountable)

  1. air
  2. atmosphere, sky

Declension edit

Declension of luft (singular only)
f2s singular
indefinite definite
nominative luft luftin
accusative luft luftina
dative luft luftini
genitive luftar luftarinnar

Related terms edit

Middle English edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Old English lyft (air, atmosphere, firmament), from Proto-West Germanic *luftu, from Proto-Germanic *luftuz (air, upper region). More at lift. Doublet of lofte.

Noun edit

lüft

  1. air
  2. atmosphere
  3. heavens, sky, firmament

Descendants edit

  • English: lift (the sky, atmosphere)
  • Scots: lift, luft

Norwegian Bokmål edit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Noun edit

luft f or m (definite singular lufta or luften, uncountable)

  1. air

Derived terms edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology edit

From Middle Low German lucht.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

luft f (definite singular lufta, uncountable)

  1. air

Derived terms edit

References edit

Old Frisian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-West Germanic *luftu, from Proto-Germanic *luftuz (air, upper region).

Noun edit

luft

  1. air
  2. the sky

Descendants edit

  • North Frisian: loft (the sky)

Polish edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from German Luft. Doublet of lift and loft.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /luft/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -uft
  • Syllabification: luft

Noun edit

luft m inan (diminutive lufcik)

  1. (archaic, architecture) pipe in a stove, chimney, or kitchen that carries away smoke
  2. (colloquial, Poznań) air
    Synonym: powietrze

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

adjective
verb

Further reading edit

  • luft in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • luft in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Scots edit

Etymology edit

From Middle English luft, lufte, from Old English lyft (the lower sky (as opposed to the upper atmosphere, or heavens), air, atmosphere), from Proto-West Germanic *luftu, from Proto-Germanic *luftuz.

Noun edit

luft (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of lift.
    • 1898, David Hay Fleming, Mary Queen of Scots (in English), page 437:
      Bothwell told Sir James Melville that he saw the strangest accident that ever chancit, to wit the powder cam out of the luft [i.e. the sky], and had brunt the Kingis house, and himself found lying dead a litle distance from the house under a tre;
    • 1977, Douglas Young, Clara Young, David D. Murison, A Clear Voice: Douglas Young, Poet and Polymath (in English), page 39:
      Gesserant sails on a skinklan frith, gowd-yalla luft and blue o the sea
    • 1996, Review of Scottish Culture - Issues 10-12 (in English), page 101:
      [] kind of phonetic spelling which resembles Elphinston's recommendations for an orthographic reform as issued in the eighteenth century, so his proverbs and sayings have to be practically translated: Gin dhe luft wuz tay faw, dhe laivruks wud bee smuird – if the sky were to fall, the larks would be smothered.

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology edit

From German Luft.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

lȕft m (Cyrillic spelling лу̏фт)

  1. (colloquial) air
    Synonyms: vàzdūh, zrȃk

References edit

  • luft” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Silesian edit

 
Silesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia szl

Etymology edit

Borrowed from German Luft.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈluft/
  • Rhymes: -uft
  • Syllabification: luft

Noun edit

luft m inan

  1. air
    Synonym: powietrze

Further reading edit

  • luft in dykcjonorz.eu
  • luft in silling.org

Swedish edit

Etymology edit

Borrowing from German Luft.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

luft c

  1. air
    att andas luft
    to breathe air
    uppe i luften
    up in the air

Declension edit

Declension of luft 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative luft luften
Genitive lufts luftens

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

References edit

Anagrams edit