atmosphere

See also: atmosphère

EnglishEdit

 
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Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French atmosphère, from New Latin atmosphaera, from Ancient Greek ἀτμός (atmós, steam) + Ancient Greek σφαῖρα (sphaîra, sphere); corresponding to atmo- +‎ -sphere.

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈæt.məsˌfɪə(ɹ)/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈætməsˌfɪɹ/
  • (file)

NounEdit

atmosphere (countable and uncountable, plural atmospheres)

  1. The gases surrounding the Earth or any astronomical body.
    Coordinate terms: hydrosphere, biosphere
    Meronyms: see Thesaurus:atmosphere
  2. The air in a particular place.
    • 1834, Letitia Elizabeth Landon, Francesca Carrara, volume 1, page 2:
      The last hue of crimson had died away in the west, and the depth of the rich purple atmosphere was unbroken.
    • 1913, Mrs. [Marie] Belloc Lowndes, chapter I, in The Lodger, London: Methuen, OCLC 7780546; republished in Novels of Mystery: The Lodger; The Story of Ivy; What Really Happened, New York, N.Y.: Longmans, Green and Co., [], [1933], OCLC 2666860, page 0016:
      Thus the red damask curtains which now shut out the fog-laden, drizzling atmosphere of the Marylebone Road, had cost a mere song, and yet they might have been warranted to last another thirty years. A great bargain also had been the excellent Axminster carpet which covered the floor; [].
  3. (figuratively) The apparent mood felt in an environment.
    Synonyms: air, ambiance, feeling, mood
  4. A unit of measurement for pressure equal to 101325 Pa (symbol: atm)
  5. (television, film, uncountable) Extras in a scene who have no spoken lines.

Related termsEdit

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See alsoEdit