From Middle English martial, marciāl, mercial, mercialle (“relating to war, warlike; military; for use in fighting or warfare; brave, hardy; combative, fierce; ruthless, vicious; domineering, overbearing”), from Middle French martial (modern French martial (“martial”)), or directly from its etymon Latin mārtiālis (“of or pertaining to Mars, the Roman god of war”), from Mārtius (“of or pertaining to Mars”) + -ālis (suffix forming adjectives of relationship). The English word is cognate with Italian marziale (“martial”), Portuguese marcial (“martial”), Spanish marcial (“martial”).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈmɑːʃəl/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈmɑɹʃəl/
Audio (GA) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)ʃəl
- Homophone: marshal
- Hyphenation: mart‧ial
- Of, relating to, or suggestive of war; warlike.
- Connected with or relating to armed forces or the profession of arms or military life.
- 1938, Xavier Herbert, “Dawn of a New Era”, in Capricornia, Sydney, N.S.W.: Angus & Robertson, OCLC 220342066; republished New York, N.Y.: D. Appleton-Century, 1943, OCLC 462159385, page 194:
- He was lying on the table with head pillowed on the broken concertina and body sheltered with the Federal Flag, looking like a martial corpse. He did not wake properly till Blossom dragged him to the tap outside and turned the water on him.
- Characteristic of or befitting a warrior; having a military bearing; soldierly.
- (astrology, obsolete) Pertaining to the astrological influence of the planet Mars.
- (astronomy, obsolete) Of or relating to the planet Mars; Martian.
- (chemistry, medicine, obsolete) Containing, or relating to, iron (which was symbolically associated with the planet Mars by alchemists); chalybeate, ferric, ferrous.
- martial preparations martial flowers (a reddish crystalline salt of iron)
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
martial (plural martials)
- (obsolete) A soldier, a warrior.
- (astrology, obsolete) A celestial object under the astrological influence of the planet Mars.
- (chiefly science fiction, obsolete) Synonym of
- 2000, Matteo Giulio Bartoli, Il Dalmatico: Resti di un’antica lingua romanza parlata da Veglia a Ragusa e sua collocazione nella Romània appenino-balcanica, Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana.