From Middle English iren, from Old English īsern, īsærn, īren, īsen, from Proto-Germanic *īsarną (compare Dutch ijzer, West Frisian izer, German Eisen, Danish jern), from Gaulish īsarno-, from Proto-Celtic *īsarnom (compare Welsh haearn, Irish iarann), a derivation from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésh₂r̥ (“blood”) (compare Hittite 𒂊𒌍𒄯 (ēšḫar), Tocharian A ysār, Latvian asinis, Ancient Greek ἔαρ (éar), Old Armenian արիւն (ariwn), Sanskrit असृज् (asṛj)). The sense development runs from 'bloody' to 'blood red' to 'ruddy metal'.
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- (UK, Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈaɪən/
- Homophone: ion
- (US) IPA(key): /ˈaɪɚn/
- Metathesized or syncopated from original IPA(key): /ˈaɪɹən/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -aɪə(ɹ)n
- (uncountable) A common, inexpensive metal, often black in color, that rusts, is attracted by magnets, and is used in making steel.
2013 May-June, Kevin Heng, “Why Does Nature Form Exoplanets Easily?”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 3, page 184:
- In the past two years, NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope has located nearly 3,000 exoplanet candidates ranging from sub-Earth-sized minions to gas giants that dwarf our own Jupiter. Their densities range from that of styrofoam to iron.
- (uncountable, physics, chemistry, metallurgy) A metallic chemical element having atomic number 26 and symbol Fe.
- (uncountable, countable, metallurgy) Any material, not a steel, predominantly made of elemental iron.
wrought iron, ductile iron, cast iron, pig iron, gray iron
- (countable) A tool or appliance made of metal, which is heated and then used to transfer heat to something else; most often a thick piece of metal fitted with a handle and having a flat, roughly triangular bottom, which is heated and used to press wrinkles from clothing, and now usually containing an electrical heating apparatus.
- (usually plural, irons) Shackles.
- (slang) A handgun.
- (uncountable) A dark shade of the colour/color silver.
- (Cockney rhyming slang, shortened from iron hoof, rhyming with poof; countable, offensive) A male homosexual.
- (golf) A golf club used for middle-distance shots.
- (uncountable) Great strength or power.
- For usage examples of this term, see Citations:iron.
- (metallic chemical element): ferrum
- (tool for pressing clothing): flatiron (old-fashioned), smoothing iron (old-fashioned)
- (shackles): shackles
- (homosexual): poof, queer
- (strength or power): energy, force
- (metallic chemical element): chemical element, metal; atom
- (tool for pressing clothing): tool, mechanical device
- (shackles): restraint
- (handgun): weapon
- (dark shade of silver): colour, color; shade; silver
- (strength or power): force, might, energy
- (shackles): leg irons
- (golf club): driving iron, long iron, short iron, 1-iron, 2-iron, 3-iron, 4-iron, 5-iron, 6-iron, 7-iron, 8-iron, 9-iron,
- (strength or power): ironman
- (metallic chemical element): molecule (sometimes)
- (tool for pressing clothing): mangle
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
- iron Barthelmy, David (accessed 29 August 2016) Webmineral Mineralogy Database
- iron mindat.org, Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, accessed 29 August 2016
- ^ Donald A. Ringe, From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (Oxford: Oxford, 2006), 296.
- ^ J.P. Mallory and Douglas Q. Adams, Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture, s.v. "blood" (London: Fitzroy Dearborn, 1999).
iron (not comparable)
- (not comparable) Made of the metal iron.
- (figuratively) Strong (as of will), inflexible.
- She had an iron will.
- He held on with an iron grip.
- an iron constitution
- Iron men
- (made of the metal iron): wrought-iron
- (transitive) To pass an iron over (clothing or some other item made of cloth) in order to remove creases.
- (transitive, archaic) To shackle with irons; to fetter or handcuff.
- Sir Walter Scott
- Ironed like a malefactor.
- Sir Walter Scott
- (transitive) To furnish or arm with iron.
- to iron a wagon
- (to pass an iron over): press
- (to pass an iron over): mangle
- Japanese: アイロン (airon)