mitigate

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin mītigātus, from mītigō, from mītis (gentle, mild, ripe) + agō (do, make), from Proto-Indo-European *meh₁i- (mild, soft).[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈmɪt.ɪ.ɡeɪt/
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VerbEdit

mitigate (third-person singular simple present mitigates, present participle mitigating, simple past and past participle mitigated)

  1. (transitive) To reduce, lessen, or decrease; to make less severe or easier to bear.
    • 1795George Washington, Seventh State of the Union Address
      Measures are pursuing to prevent or mitigate the usual consequences of such outrages, and with the hope of their succeeding at least to avert general hostility.
    • 1813James Madison, Fifth State of the Union Address
      But in yielding to it the retaliation has been mitigated as much as possible, both in its extent and in its character...
    • 1896Walter Hadwen, The Case Against Vaccination
      Then they tell us that vaccination will mitigate the disease that it will make it milder.
    • 1901H. G. Wells, The First Men in the Moon, ch 7
      Then I discovered the brilliance of the landscape around was mitigated by blue spectacles.
    • 1920H. P. Lovecraft, The Cats of Ulthar
      The plague had not been kind to him, yet had left him this small furry thing to mitigate his sorrow; and when one is very young, one can find great relief in the lively antics of a black kitten.
    • 2021 October 6, Greg Morse, “A need for speed and the drive for 125”, in RAIL, number 941, page 53:
      But then crashworthiness is not about preventing accidents, but about mitigating their consequences.
  2. (transitive) To downplay.

Usage notesEdit

Particularly used as mitigate a problem or flaw. Contrast with ameliorate (make better).

This word is often misused to mean “operate” or “influence”. For this meaning, the correct word is militate, followed by “against” or “in favour of”. Mitigate is never followed by these expressions.

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

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Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2022), “mitigate”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

ItalianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

VerbEdit

mitigate

  1. inflection of mitigare:
    1. second-person plural present indicative
    2. second-person plural imperative

Etymology 2Edit

ParticipleEdit

mitigate f pl

  1. feminine plural of mitigato

LatinEdit

ParticipleEdit

mītigāte

  1. vocative masculine singular of mītigātus