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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English lessenen, lasnen, equivalent to less +‎ -en (verbal suffix).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

lessen (third-person singular simple present lessens, present participle lessening, simple past and past participle lessened)

  1. (transitive) To make less; to diminish; to reduce.
    • Calamy (Can we date this quote?)
      Charity [] shall lessen his punishment.
    • Atterbury (Can we date this quote?)
      St. Paul chose to magnify his office when ill men conspired to lessen it.
    • 1980, Robert M. Jones, editor, Walls and Ceilings, Time-Life Books, →ISBN, page 44:
      The thin glass that makes mirror tiles light in weight also tends to lessen their reflective quality.
    • 2011 December 16, Denis Campbell, “Hospital staff 'lack skills to cope with dementia patients'”, in Guardian[1]:
      Many hospitals have not taken simple steps to lessen the distress and confusion which dementia sufferers' often feel on being somewhere so unfamiliar – such as making signs large and easy to read, using colour schemes to help patients find their way around unfamiliar wards and not putting family mementoes such as photographs nearby.
  2. (intransitive) To become less.

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈlɛsə(n)/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛsən

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch lesschen, from a merger of two Old Dutch [Term?] verbs:

VerbEdit

lessen

  1. (transitive) to quench (thirst)
InflectionEdit
Inflection of lessen (weak)
infinitive lessen
past singular leste
past participle gelest
infinitive lessen
gerund lessen n
present tense past tense
1st person singular les leste
2nd person sing. (jij) lest leste
2nd person sing. (u) lest leste
2nd person sing. (gij) lest leste
3rd person singular lest leste
plural lessen lesten
subjunctive sing.1 lesse leste
subjunctive plur.1 lessen lesten
imperative sing. les
imperative plur.1 lest
participles lessend gelest
1) Archaic.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From les +‎ -en.

VerbEdit

lessen

  1. (intransitive) to take a lesson (usually a driving lesson)
InflectionEdit
Inflection of lessen (weak)
infinitive lessen
past singular leste
past participle gelest
infinitive lessen
gerund lessen n
present tense past tense
1st person singular les leste
2nd person sing. (jij) lest leste
2nd person sing. (u) lest leste
2nd person sing. (gij) lest leste
3rd person singular lest leste
plural lessen lesten
subjunctive sing.1 lesse leste
subjunctive plur.1 lessen lesten
imperative sing. les
imperative plur.1 lest
participles lessend gelest
1) Archaic.

Etymology 3Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

NounEdit

lessen

  1. Plural form of les

HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

les +‎ -jen

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈlɛʃːɛn]
  • Hyphenation: les‧sen

VerbEdit

lessen

  1. third-person singular subjunctive present indefinite of les

SwedishEdit

AdjectiveEdit

lessen

  1. Alternative spelling of ledsen