Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-570B
Code point U+570B
Entity number 國
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+570A] [U+570C]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
國-order.gif
Taiwanese
stroke order
國-torder.gif

Alternative formsEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 31 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 田戈口一 (WIRM), four-corner 60153, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 219, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4798
  • Dae Jaweon: page 447, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 720, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+570B

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Alternative formsEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
國-oracle.svg 國-bronze.svg 國-silk.svg 國-bigseal.svg 國-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʷɯːɡ): semantic  ‎(closure) + phonetic  ‎(OC *ɡʷɯːɡ)

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kuo³⁵/
Harbin /kuo²¹³/
Tianjin /kuo⁴⁵/
Jinan /kuə⁵⁵/
Qingdao /kuə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /kuo²⁴/
/kuɛ²⁴/
Xi'an /kuei²¹/
Xining /kuɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kuə¹³/
Lanzhou /kuə¹³/
Ürümqi /kuɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /kuɤ²¹³/
Chengdu /kue³¹/
Guiyang /kuɛ²¹/
Kunming /ko³¹/
Nanjing /kueʔ⁵/
Hefei /kuɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /kuəʔ²/
Pingyao /kuʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /kuaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /koʔ⁵/
Suzhou /kuəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /koʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /kai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /kuʔ²¹/
Tunxi /kuə⁵/
Xiang Changsha /kuə²⁴/
Xiangtan /ko²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /kuɛʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kuet̚¹/
Taoyuan /kuet̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kwɔk̚³/
Nanning /kɔk̚³³/
Hong Kong /kwɔk̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kɔk̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuɔʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ko²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kok̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kok̚⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final: (132)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: guo
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwək̚/ /kʷək̚/ /kuək̚/ /kwək̚/ /kuək̚/ /kuək̚/ /kwək̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
guó ‹ kwok › /*[C.q]ʷˤək/ state (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5547 0 /*kʷɯːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. country, nation, nation-state   (Classifier: )
    /   ―  guójiā  ―  country
  2. A surname​.
  3. Abbreviation of 國語国语 (guóyǔ, “Mandarin”).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. country

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

‎(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana くに, romaji kuni)

  1. a land, a country

KoreanEdit

A variant of "國" commonly found in old books of pre-modern Korea.

HanjaEdit

‎(guk)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: kuk, Yale: kwuk)
  • Name (hangeul): 나라 (revised: nara, McCune-Reischauer: nara, Yale: nala)
  1. country, state, nation, land

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(quốc, cuốc, trung)

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