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EnglishEdit

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Etymology 1Edit

Borrowing from Latin praepositio, praepositionem, from praepono ‎(to place before). Compare French préposition. So called because it is usually placed before the word with which it is phrased, as in a bridge of iron, he comes from town, it is good for food, he escaped by running.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • enPR: prĕp-ə-zĭsh'ən, IPA(key): /ˌprɛpəˈzɪʃən/
  • (file)

NounEdit

preposition ‎(plural prepositions)

  1. (grammar, strict sense) Any of a class of non-inflecting words typically employed to connect a following noun or a pronoun, in an adjectival or adverbial sense, with some other word: a particle used with a noun or pronoun (in English always in the objective case) to make a phrase limiting some other word.
    • 1988, Andrew Radford, chapter 9, in Transformational grammar: a first course, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, page 495:
      And in (121) below, we see that when a wh-NP is used as the Object of a Preposition, the whole Prepositional Phrase can undergo WH MOVEMENT:
      (121) (a)      [To whom] can I send this letter —?
      (121) (b)      [About what] are they quarrelling —?
      (121) (c)      [In which book] did you read about it —?
  2. (obsolete) A proposition; an exposition; a discourse.
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Etymology 2Edit

From pre- + position

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈpriːpəˌzɪʃən/

VerbEdit

preposition ‎(third-person singular simple present prepositions, present participle prepositioning, simple past and past participle prepositioned)

  1. To place in a location before some other event occurs.
    It is important to preposition the material before turning on the machine.

TranslationsEdit


FinnishEdit

NounEdit

preposition

  1. Genitive singular form of prepositio.

InterlinguaEdit

NounEdit

preposition ‎(plural prepositiones)

  1. (grammar) A word that is used in conjunction with a noun or pronoun in order to form a phrase.

SwedishEdit

NounEdit

preposition c

  1. a preposition (part of speech)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of preposition 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative preposition prepositionen prepositioner prepositionerna
Genitive prepositions prepositionens prepositioners prepositionernas

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

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