English edit

 
A woman performing a kata

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkætə/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ætə

Etymology 1 edit

From Japanese (literally pattern, model). In English use since the 1950s.

Noun edit

kata (plural katas or kata)

  1. (martial arts) Any of a sequence of positions and movements used in many martial arts.
    judo kata
    • 1979, Masatoshi Nakayama, Best Karate: Heian, Tekki, page 12:
      About fifty kata, or "formal exercises," are practiced at the present time, some having been passed down from generation to generation, others having been developed fairly recently.
    • 2006, Kelley MacAulay, Bobbie Kalman, Karate in Action, page 22:
      Katas are a series of motions, such as punches, strikes, and kicks, arranged in a specific pattern. The pattern allows the motions to flow into one another. A student must learn a new kata to advance to each new belt level.
    • 2009, Thomas W. Hanlon, The Sports Rules Book, Human Kinetics, page 161:
      When the competitor's name is called, she stands on the designated line, bows to the panel of judges, and announces the name of the kata she will perform. [] She then performs the kata. When she is finished, her opponent performs her kata. At the end of the second kata, both return to the mat area to await the decision of the judging panel.
    • 2010, Kenji Tokitsu, The Katas: The Meaning Behind the Movements:
  2. (by extension, programming) A short programming exercise to improve one's skills through practice and repetition.
    Synonym: code kata
    • 2020, Andrew Stellman, Jennifer Greene, Head First C#[1], O'Reilly Media, →ISBN, page 728:
      These kata will give you the C# syntax for inheritance.
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Ancient Greek κατά (katá, downwards). Compare cata-.

Noun edit

kata (plural katas)

  1. Ellipsis of kata thermometer..
  2. (in combination) A drop (in temperature).

Adverb edit

kata (comparative more kata, superlative most kata)

  1. In a direction analogous to down, but along the additional axis added by the fourth dimension.
    Antonym: ana
    • 1985, Rudy von Bitter Rucker, The Fourth Dimension: A Guided Tour of the Higher Universes, page 43:
      Your right half would move ana, let us say, and your left half would move kata. The two halves would, in their parallel spaces, move past the plane of rotation, and then they would swing back into our space.
    • 2005, Animation journal, volumes 13-15:
      Added to the conventional FPS control keys are two extra keys that move the player in ana and kata direction in 4d space. If you go in this extra direction the space around you changes, the room transforms.

Etymology 3 edit

Noun edit

kata (plural katas)

  1. Alternative form of gata (type of Armenian pastry)

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Chickasaw edit

Pronoun edit

kata

  1. (interrogative) who
  2. (interrogative) whose

Czech edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

kata

  1. genitive/accusative singular of kat

Esperanto edit

Etymology edit

kato (cat) +‎ -a (adjective)

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

kata (accusative singular katan, plural kataj, accusative plural katajn)

  1. feline

Finnish edit

Verb edit

kata

  1. inflection of kattaa:
    1. indicative present connegative
    2. second-person singular imperative present/present connegative

Anagrams edit

Garo edit

Etymology 1 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb edit

kata

  1. to run

Etymology 2 edit

Probably from Assamese কথা (kotha)

Noun edit

kata

  1. word

Indonesian edit

Etymology edit

From Malay kata, from Pali kathā, from Sanskrit कथा (kathā, speech; story).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

kata (plural kata-kata, first-person possessive kataku, second-person possessive katamu, third-person possessive katanya)

  1. (linguistics) word: the smallest unit of language that has a particular meaning and can be expressed by itself; the smallest discrete, meaningful unit of language.
  2. speech: vocal communication.
    Synonyms: bicara, ujar

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Japanese edit

Romanization edit

kata

  1. Rōmaji transcription of かた

Malay edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Sanskrit कथा (kathā).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

kata (Jawi spellingکات⁩, plural kata-kata, informal 1st possessive kataku, 2nd possessive katamu, 3rd possessive katanya)

  1. word

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Nupe edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

kata

  1. house
  2. room

See also edit

  • èmì (house; intergenerational compound comprised of kata)

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

kàtà (plural kàtàzhì)

  1. umbrella

Pali edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Sanskrit कृत (kṛta, done), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *kr̥tás. Compare Hindi किया (kiyā), Middle Persian𐭪𐭫𐭲(klt /⁠-kirt⁠/).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

kata

  1. past participle of karoti; done

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Pitjantjatjara edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

kata

  1. (anatomy) head
  2. mind
  3. (of a car) bonnet, hood
  4. (of a lorry) cab

Derived terms edit

Polish edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from Arabicقَات(qāt).

Noun edit

kata f

  1. (rare) khat (plant)
    Synonym: czuwaliczka
Declension edit

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Japanese .

Noun edit

kata f (indeclinable)

  1. (martial arts) kata

Etymology 3 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun edit

kata m pers or m animal

  1. genitive/accusative singular of kat

Further reading edit

  • kata in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Rapa Nui edit

Verb edit

kata

  1. laugh

Slovak edit

Noun edit

kata

  1. genitive/accusative singular of kat

Swahili edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb edit

-kata (infinitive kukata)

  1. to cut (to break or sever, including in a metaphorical sense)
  2. to buy (of tickets)
  3. to bring to an end
Conjugation edit
Conjugation of -kata
Positive present -nakata
Subjunctive -kate
Negative -kati
Imperative singular kata
Infinitives
Positive kukata
Negative kutokata
Imperatives
Singular kata
Plural kateni
Tensed forms
Habitual hukata
Positive past positive subject concord + -likata
Negative past negative subject concord + -kukata
Positive present (positive subject concord + -nakata)
Singular Plural
1st person ninakata/nakata tunakata
2nd person unakata mnakata
3rd person m-wa(I/II) anakata wanakata
other classes positive subject concord + -nakata
Negative present (negative subject concord + -kati)
Singular Plural
1st person sikati hatukati
2nd person hukati hamkati
3rd person m-wa(I/II) hakati hawakati
other classes negative subject concord + -kati
Positive future positive subject concord + -takata
Negative future negative subject concord + -takata
Positive subjunctive (positive subject concord + -kate)
Singular Plural
1st person nikate tukate
2nd person ukate mkate
3rd person m-wa(I/II) akate wakate
other classes positive subject concord + -kate
Negative subjunctive positive subject concord + -sikate
Positive present conditional positive subject concord + -ngekata
Negative present conditional positive subject concord + -singekata
Positive past conditional positive subject concord + -ngalikata
Negative past conditional positive subject concord + -singalikata
Gnomic (positive subject concord + -akata)
Singular Plural
1st person nakata twakata
2nd person wakata mwakata
3rd person m-wa(I/II) akata wakata
m-mi(III/IV) wakata yakata
ji-ma(V/VI) lakata yakata
ki-vi(VII/VIII) chakata vyakata
n(IX/X) yakata zakata
u(XI) wakata see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) kwakata
pa(XVI) pakata
mu(XVIII) mwakata
Perfect positive subject concord + -mekata
"Already" positive subject concord + -meshakata
"Not yet" negative subject concord + -jakata
"If/When" positive subject concord + -kikata
"If not" positive subject concord + -sipokata
Consecutive kakata / positive subject concord + -kakata
Consecutive subjunctive positive subject concord + -kakate
Object concord (indicative positive)
Singular Plural
1st person -nikata -tukata
2nd person -kukata -wakata/-kukateni/-wakateni
3rd person m-wa(I/II) -mkata -wakata
m-mi(III/IV) -ukata -ikata
ji-ma(V/VI) -likata -yakata
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -kikata -vikata
n(IX/X) -ikata -zikata
u(XI) -ukata see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -kukata
pa(XVI) -pakata
mu(XVIII) -mukata
Reflexive -jikata
Relative forms
General positive (positive subject concord + (object concord) + -kata- + relative marker)
Singular Plural
m-wa(I/II) -kataye -katao
m-mi(III/IV) -katao -katayo
ji-ma(V/VI) -katalo -katayo
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -katacho -katavyo
n(IX/X) -katayo -katazo
u(XI) -katao see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -katako
pa(XVI) -katapo
mu(XVIII) -katamo
Other forms (subject concord + tense marker + relative marker + (object concord) + -kata)
Singular Plural
m-wa(I/II) -yekata -okata
m-mi(III/IV) -okata -yokata
ji-ma(V/VI) -lokata -yokata
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -chokata -vyokata
n(IX/X) -yokata -zokata
u(XI) -okata see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -kokata
pa(XVI) -pokata
mu(XVIII) -mokata
Some forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

 
Swahili Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sw

Noun edit

kata (n class, plural kata)

  1. (Kenya) An administrative region in Kenya, below counties and subcounties, and further divided into sublocations.
    Synonym: (Tanzania) shehia
Derived terms edit

Tagalog edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: ka‧ta
  • IPA(key): /kaˈtaʔ/, [kɐˈtaʔ]
  • IPA(key): /ˈkataʔ/, [ˈka.tɐʔ] (obsolete)
  • Rhymes: -aʔ

Noun edit

katâ (Baybayin spelling ᜃᜆ)

  1. Alternative form of katha

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: ka‧ta
  • IPA(key): /kaˈtaʔ/, [kɐˈtaʔ]
  • Rhymes: -aʔ

Noun edit

katâ (Baybayin spelling ᜃᜆ)

  1. start of bubbling of rice being boiled

Etymology 3 edit

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: ka‧ta
  • IPA(key): /kaˈta/, [kɐˈta]
  • Rhymes: -a

Pronoun edit

katá (Baybayin spelling ᜃᜆ)

  1. (archaic, now dialectal) we (inclusive of the person spoken to)
See also edit

Interjection edit

katá (Baybayin spelling ᜃᜆ)

  1. (dialectal, Southern Tagalog) let's go! (invitation of doing something together)
    Synonyms: katang, tara, tarang, tayo, tayong

References edit

  • kata”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018

Anagrams edit

Tongan edit

Verb edit

kata

  1. to laugh

Volapük edit

Noun edit

kata

  1. genitive singular of kat

Western Highland Chatino edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Chatino *kesa (tobacco), from Proto-Zapotecan *keʔsa.

Noun edit

kata⁴

  1. cigar, cigarette

Related terms edit

References edit

Yosondúa Mixtec edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Mixtec *kátá.

Verb edit

kata

  1. (transitive) sing

Etymology 2 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb edit

kata

  1. (intransitive) have an itch

References edit

  • Beaty de Farris, Kathryn; et al. (2012) Diccionario básico del mixteco de Yosondúa, Oaxaca (Serie de vocabularios y diccionarios indígenas “Mariano Silva y Aceves”; 46)‎[3] (in Spanish), third edition, Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., page 27