See also: Roca and roça

CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

roca f (plural roques)

  1. rock

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit


GalicianEdit

 
Woman holding a roca ("distaff") and a fuso ("spindle")

Etymology 1Edit

Perhaps from Gothic *rukka, *𐍂𐌿𐌺𐌺𐌰 (*rukka); or, given its open stressed vowel, rather from a West Germanic cognate of it (compare Old High German rocko),[1] from Proto-Germanic *rukkô. Cognate with Portuguese roca and Spanish rueca.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

roca f (plural rocas)

  1. spinning distaff (part of a spinning wheel from which fibre is drawn to be spun)
    En cada terra seu uso, en cada roca seu fuso.
    In every country its customs, for every distaff its spindle.
    (proverb)
    • 1775, María Francisca Isla y Losada, Romance:
      Polo fio d'unha roca
      ó estagamo seme bay,
      é cortafeira coideiche
      que acababa de finar.
      By the thread of a distaff
      my stomach is going away,
      and Wednesday I though
      that I had just died.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese roca (13th century, Cantigas de Santa Maria) from Medieval Latin rocca, from Vulgar Latin *rocca, of unknown origin. Doublet of rocha.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

roca f (plural rocas)

  1. rock
    Synonyms: pena, penedo, rocha
Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • roca” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • roca” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • roca” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • roca” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • roca” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.
  1. ^ Coromines, Joan; Pascual, José A. (1983–1991) , “rueca”, in Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico (in Spanish), Madrid: Gredos, →ISBN

IrishEdit

VerbEdit

roca

  1. present subjunctive analytic of roc

ItalianEdit

AdjectiveEdit

roca

  1. feminine singular of roco

AnagramsEdit


PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Ultimately from Proto-Germanic *rukkô, although the intermediate language is uncertain. Possibly Gothic rukka, 𐍂𐌿𐌺𐌺𐌰 (rukka), however, the vowel quality in Iberian Romance (/ɔ/ in Portuguese, /we/ in Spanish) points to a possible West Germanic loanword [1], or to the influence of Latin rota (wheel)[2]. Cognate to Galician roca, Spanish rueca, Italian rocca, Old High German rocko (German Rocken).[3]

NounEdit

roca f (plural rocas)

  1. (spinning) distaff (part of a spinning wheel from which fibre is drawn to be spun)
Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Portuguese roca, from Old Catalan roca, from Vulgar Latin *rocca. Doublet of rocha.

NounEdit

roca f (plural rocas)

  1. seacliff (cliff by the sea)
  2. a stony cliff
    Synonyms: rochedo, penhasco
  3. (archaic) a large rock; a boulder
    Synonyms: rocha, penedo
Related termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

VerbEdit

roca

  1. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of rocar
  2. second-person singular (tu, sometimes used with você) affirmative imperative of rocar

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Wilhelm Meyer-Lübke (1911) Romanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German)
  2. ^ 1932, Antenor Nascentes, Dicionário etimológico da língua portuguesa.
  3. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q., editors (1997) Encyclopedia of Indo-European culture, London, Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, page 110

SpanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Medieval Latin rocca, from Vulgar Latin *rocca, of uncertain origin, probably Celtic and most likely pre-Roman substrate.

Cognate with Italian rocca, English rock, French roche, and Breton r'och.

NounEdit

roca f (plural rocas)

  1. rock
    Synonyms: peña, piedra

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

AdjectiveEdit

roca

  1. feminine singular of roco

Further readingEdit