See also: Roca and roça

CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

roca f (plural roques)

  1. rock

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit


GalicianEdit

 
Woman holding a roca ("distaff") and a fuso ("spindle")

Etymology 1Edit

Perhaps from Gothic *rukka, *𐍂𐌿𐌺𐌺𐌰 (*rukka); or, given its open stressed vowel, rather from a West Germanic cognate of it (compare Old High German rocko),[1] from Proto-Germanic *rukkô. Cognate with Portuguese roca and Spanish rueca.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

roca f (plural rocas)

  1. spinning distaff (part of a spinning wheel from which fibre is drawn to be spun)
    Synonyms: galleta, ruxideira
    En cada terra seu uso, en cada roca seu fuso.
    In every country its customs, for every distaff its spindle.
    (proverb)
    • 1775, María Francisca Isla y Losada, Romance:
      Polo fio d'unha roca
      ó estagamo seme bay,
      é cortafeira coideiche
      que acababa de finar.
      By the thread of a distaff
      my stomach is going away,
      and Wednesday I though
      that I had just died.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese roca (13th century, Cantigas de Santa Maria) from Medieval Latin rocca, from Vulgar Latin *rocca, of unknown origin. Doublet of rocha.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

roca f (plural rocas)

  1. rock
    Synonyms: pena, penedo, rocha
Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • roca” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • roca” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • roca” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • roca” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • roca” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.
  1. ^ Coromines, Joan; Pascual, José A. (1983–1991), “rueca”, in Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico (in Spanish), Madrid: Gredos, →ISBN

IrishEdit

VerbEdit

roca

  1. present subjunctive analytic of roc

ItalianEdit

AdjectiveEdit

roca

  1. feminine singular of roco

AnagramsEdit


PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Ultimately from Proto-Germanic *rukkô, although the intermediate language is uncertain. Possibly Gothic rukka, 𐍂𐌿𐌺𐌺𐌰 (rukka), however, the vowel quality in Iberian Romance (/ɔ/ in Portuguese, /we/ in Spanish) points to a possible West Germanic loanword [1], or to the influence of Latin rota (wheel)[2]. Cognate to Galician roca, Spanish rueca, Italian rocca, Old High German rocko (German Rocken).[3]

NounEdit

roca f (plural rocas)

  1. (spinning) distaff (part of a spinning wheel from which fibre is drawn to be spun)
Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Portuguese roca, from Old Catalan roca, from Vulgar Latin *rocca. Doublet of rocha.

NounEdit

roca f (plural rocas)

  1. seacliff (cliff by the sea)
  2. a stony cliff
    Synonyms: rochedo, penhasco
  3. (archaic) a large rock; a boulder
    Synonyms: rocha, penedo
Related termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

VerbEdit

roca

  1. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of rocar
  2. second-person singular (tu, sometimes used with você) affirmative imperative of rocar

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Meyer-Lübke, Wilhelm (1911), “roca”, in Romanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German)
  2. ^ 1932, Antenor Nascentes, Dicionário etimológico da língua portuguesa.
  3. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q., editors (1997) Encyclopedia of Indo-European culture, London, Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, page 110

SpanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Vulgar Latin *rōcca, *rocca, of uncertain origin, probably Celtic and most likely pre-Roman substrate.

Cognate with Italian rocca, English rock, French roche, and Breton r'och.

NounEdit

roca f (plural rocas)

  1. rock
    Synonyms: peña, piedra
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

AdjectiveEdit

roca

  1. feminine singular of roco

Further readingEdit