See also: Orca and orça

EnglishEdit

 
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Orca

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin orca (tun, cask; whale), see there for more. Although the origin is obscure, the sometimes-cited association with orcus (underworld) is folk-etymology.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

orca (plural orcas or orca)

  1. A sea mammal (Orcinus orca) related to dolphins and porpoises, commonly called the killer whale.
    Synonyms: grampus, killer whale, blackfish

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin orca.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

orca f (plural orques)

  1. orca

Further readingEdit


GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin orca.

PronunciationEdit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

NounEdit

orca f (plural orcas)

  1. orca, killer whale
    Synonym: candorca

Further readingEdit


HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

A compound of orr (nose) +‎ száj (mouth)orrszáj, transformed to orca over the centuries.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

orca (plural orcák)

  1. (archaic) cheek
    Synonym: arc (face)
    • 1844, Sándor Petőfi, János vitéz,[1] chapter 4, stanza 5, lines 1–2, translated by John Ridland:[2]
      „Hej, Iluskám! hogyne volnék én halovány, / Mikor szép orcádat utószor látom tán…”
      “Oh, Nelly love! How could I help but look white, / When your lovely face soon will be torn from my sight…”
    • 1872, Mór Jókai, Az arany ember,[3] part 1, chapter 2:
      A kormányos ölnyi termetű kemény férfi volt, erősen rezes arcszínnel, a két orcáján a pirosság vékony hajszálerek szövevényében fejezte ki magát, miktől a szeme fehére is recés volt.
      The steersman is a six-foot weather-beaten sailor with a very red face, whose color on both cheeks comes from a network of veins with which the white of the eye is also transfused.

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative orca orcák
accusative orcát orcákat
dative orcának orcáknak
instrumental orcával orcákkal
causal-final orcáért orcákért
translative orcává orcákká
terminative orcáig orcákig
essive-formal orcaként orcákként
essive-modal
inessive orcában orcákban
superessive orcán orcákon
adessive orcánál orcáknál
illative orcába orcákba
sublative orcára orcákra
allative orcához orcákhoz
elative orcából orcákból
delative orcáról orcákról
ablative orcától orcáktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
orcáé orcáké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
orcáéi orcákéi
Possessive forms of orca
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. orcám orcáim
2nd person sing. orcád orcáid
3rd person sing. orcája orcái
1st person plural orcánk orcáink
2nd person plural orcátok orcáitok
3rd person plural orcájuk orcáik

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • orca in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.

IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish orca.

PronunciationEdit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

NounEdit

orca f (genitive singular orcan, nominative plural oircne)

  1. (anatomy, literary) calf (of leg)
    Synonyms: colpa, pluc

DeclensionEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
orca n-orca horca not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


ItalianEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

orca f (plural orche)

  1. killer whale; orca
    Synonym: balena assassina

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

Either borrowed from Ancient Greek ὕρχη (húrkhē, earthen fish-salting vessel), or else both borrowed separately from a substrate Mediterranean language. The sense of whale is likely influenced by ὄρυξ (órux, pickaxe; oryx; narwhal).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

orca f (genitive orcae); first declension

  1. orc, orca (kind of whale)
  2. butt, tun (large-bellied vessel)

DeclensionEdit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative orca orcae
Genitive orcae orcārum
Dative orcae orcīs
Accusative orcam orcās
Ablative orcā orcīs
Vocative orca orcae

ReferencesEdit

  • orca in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • orca in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • orca in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • orca in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • orca in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • orca in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

orca f (plural orcas)

  1. orca
    Synonym: baleia-assassina

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin orca.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

orca f (plural orcas, masculine orco, masculine plural orcos)

  1. orca, killer whale
    Synonym: ballena asesina

AnagramsEdit

Further readingEdit